Constitution of the Commonwealth

We the People, in humble submission to Almighty God, do recognise our responsibility to uphold and exalt Christian values and norms, and acknowledge the sovereignty and guidance of Almighty God in all things. Furthermore, to ensure Justice, Peace and Freedom for our peoples, we recognise me must institute among ourselves a government which shall be limited in its power, just in its purpose and Honourable toward all men. We hereby ordain and establish the following constitution;

 

ARTICLE I – RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

SECTION I

Everyone shall be free and shall have all their Rights and Liberties undiminished.

SECTION II

Everyones Right to life shall be protected by Law, whether born or unborn. No one shall be deprived of his life intentionally save in the execution of a sentence of a Court, following his conviction of a crime for which this penalty is provided by Law.

SECTION III

No one shall be subjected to torture, or cruel and unusual punishments or treatment.

SECTION IV

No one shall be held in slavery or be required to perform forced or compulsory labour, save in the execution of a sentence of a Court, following his conviction of a crime for which this penalty is provided by Law.

SECTION V

Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property. The right to own, maintain, use, protect and dispose of private property will not be infringed, nor shall private property be taken for public use.

SECTION VI

No Law limiting the freedom of speech, or the right of the people to peacefully assemble, or to petition Government for a redress of grievance, shall be made. Excepting if it is an overt part of an incitement to violence, armed riot, insurrection, blasphemy, obscenity or indecency.

SECTION VII

The Right to leave and enter this Commonwealth shall not be abridged, except in times of war. The Freedom to travel without passports, visas or other forms of registration, between, among or within the constituent entities shall be guaranteed. This does not, however, imply the right to live or settle in any constituent entity.

SECTION VIII

The Right of the People to be secure in their persons, properties, homes, papers, communications, stored information and effects, against unreasonable searches, monitoring, interception and seizures, shall not be violated, whether by Government or private parties, and warrants shall only be issued upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and describing the person, place or thing to be monitored, intercepted, searched or seized.

SECTION IX

The right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.

SECTION X

The right of peaceful self-determination for minorities and dissenters shall be guaranteed.

SECTION XI

No man shall be held to answer for a crime unless indicted, nor shall any man be tried for the same offence twice, nor be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of Law.

SECTION XII

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall have the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial Jury, within the community the crime has been committed, to be informed of the accusation, to be confronted with the witnesses against him, to obtain witnesses in his favour and to have legal assistance for his defence.

SECTION XIII

The privilege of the writ of Habeas corpus shall not be suspended.

SECTION XIV

No man shall be fined, except in proportion to the degree of his offence, and his ability to pay. No fines shall be imposed except by the assessment of a Jury.

SECTION XV

Excessive bail shall not be required.

SECTION XVI

In civil suits where the value in contention shall exceed an amount fixed by Law, the Right of trial by Jury shall be preserved and shall not be re-examined in any other Court, than according to Law.

 

ARTICLE II – PROHIBITIONS

SECTION I

Women shall be prohibited from voting in any, or standing for, election or appointment to any public office.

SECTION II

No one of any other race, creed or ethnicity shall be permitted to settle in this Commonwealth. They shall not be able to hold any Rights to any land, they shall not own or control a company, business or corporation. They shall be prohibited from having any involvement in our media, entertainment, news outlets, educational facilities, governments or politics. The Rights and Liberties described in this Constitution shall not apply to any alien.

SECTION III

Miscegenation is prohibited. Those guilty of such and offence shall be banished from all Commonwealth territory, forever. Those guilty of miscegenation and their tainted offspring and all descendants shall shall be prohibited, in perpetuity, from entering into any Commonwealth territory and they shall forfeit all Rights and privileges as citizens.

SECTION IV

Secret societies, including, but not limited to, the Freemasons, Rosicrucians, and the Illuminati are prohibited, and membership of them shall be a capital crime, anyone taking part in them shall be liable to indictment, prosecution and if found guilty, punishment.

SECTION V

The organisation of political parties is prohibited. Party and strife have caused much damage to our people, to prevent further damage, no political party shall be organised.

SECTION VI

Usury in all its forms, shall be prohibited. Those guilty of usurious actions shall be liable to indictment, prosecution and punishment.

 

ARTICLE III – THE COMMONWEALTH

The institutions of the Commonwealth shall be:

The General Assembly;

The High Council;

The Supreme Court;

The Tribune;

The Civil Service;

The Commonwealth Cities;

The Constituent Entities.

 

ARTICLE IV – THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

SECTION I – LEGISLATIVE POWER

In order to obtain the general consent of the People, Senators and Delegates shall be summoned to a General Assembly, in which all legislative powers herein described shall be vested. The General Assembly shall consist of a Senate and House of Delegates.

SECTION II – THE HOUSE OF DELEGATES

The House of Delegates shall be composed of members chosen every third year by the constituent entities, the manner of their election shall be decided by each constituent entity.

Each constituent entity may choose however many Delegates they wish, the Delegation shall attend the General Assembly and each Delegate may speak in the House of Delegates. However, each Delegation shall be entitled to only one vote. The House of Delegates may allow Delegations from non territorial entities, which shall in all cases have the same Rights and privileges as all other Delegations.

Delegates shall, when elected, be an inhabitant of the constituent entity for which they shall be chosen.

When vacancies happen in the Delegation from any constituent entity, that constituent entity or the executive or legislature thereof, may fill such vacancies as they deem proper.

The House of Delegates shall choose their speaker and other officers, and shall have sole power of impeachment over them.

SECTION III – THE SENATE

The Senate shall be composed of appointed Senators and Church Leaders.

Each member of the Senate shall have one vote.

The Senate shall choose their speaker and other officers and shall have sole power of impeachment over them.

Senators shall be appointed to an open ended term and may serve as long as they desire. When they do retire or die, they may choose as their successor any other man, and the Senate need only confirm this choice by simple majority. If the Senate does not approve, his second choice shall be considered and so on, until the Senate agrees to a successor. When a Senator dies with no Will or Testament, the Senate shall offer the position to one of his family or friends who shall be suitably virtuous, learned and God fearing. If a Senator is removed for cause, his seat shall be offered to whomever the Senate agree is virtuous, learned and God fearing enough to be appropriate for the position.

The High Council, the Tribune and sitting Senators may nominate any man of good repute to become a new Senator. The nominations shall be considered by the sitting members, and two thirds of all Senators must agree to the creation of these new offices. Once created, the new Senators shall be like the original Senators and have all the same Rights and privileges.

Church Leaders shall be chosen by lottery, and once chosen at random they shall be offered a seat in the Senate, if one refuse, another shall be chosen by lottery until all seats are filled. The term of office for a Church Leader shall be nine years, except that the term for the initial membership shall be staggered by lot, with one third of it, ceasing from office and replaced every third year.

SECTION IV

The General Assembly shall meet at least once in every year, on a day that they shall appoint by Law.

SECTION V – MEMBERSHIP, RULES, RECORDS & ADJOURNMENTS

A majority of each House shall constitute a quorum to do business, but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day and may be authorised to compel the attendance of absent members, in such manner and under such penalties as each House may provide.

Each House shall determine the rules of its proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behaviour and with the concurrence of two thirds, expel a member.

Each House shall keep a record of its proceedings and shall publish them, including the voting records of all members.

Neither House, during a session of the General Assembly, shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting.

SECTION VI – PRIVELEDGE

Members of the General Assembly shall not be arrested during their attendance of their respective Houses and in going to, and returning from the same, except for treason, felony or a breach of the peace. No member of the General Assembly shall be questioned, indicted or harassed for any speech or debate in either House.

No member of the General Assembly, Supreme Court Justice, Tribune or High Councillor shall, during his term in office, be appointed to any civil office of the Commonwealth Government, and no man holding any civil office shall be a member of the General Assembly, the Supreme Court, the Tribune or the High Council during his employment.

SECTION VII – LEGISLATIVE PROCESS

Every bill, order, resolution or vote to which the concurrence of the General Assembly may be necessary, except on a question of adjournment, shall be presented to the High Council: if the High Council approves, they shall sign it, but if not, they shall return it, with their objections to the House in which it originated. That House shall reconsider it, and if after such reconsideration, two thirds of that House agrees to pass the bill, order, resolution or vote, it shall be sent, along with the objections of the High Council, to the other House, which shall also reconsider the bill, order, resolution or vote and if approved by two thirds of that House also, it shall be passed. The High Council may approve and /or disapprove any part of the same bill, order, resolution or vote. In such cases, they shall designate the parts not approved and return it with their objections to the House in which the bill, order, resolution or vote originated. The same procedures shall then be used as in other bills, orders, resolutions or votes not approved by the High Council.

If within ten days, any bill is not returned from the High Council, it shall be Law as if they had signed it, unless the General Assembly is not sitting, in which case it shall not be Law.

All Acts of the General Assembly, once approved by the High Council, excepting adjournments, appointments and other procedural acts, can be put to a referendum for approval by the People. If within one hundred days of the passage of any new Law or Treaty, one fifth of all eligible voters by petition, or one third of the constituent entities request a referendum, one shall be held in as speedy a manner as is allowed, and if a majority of the voters and constituent entities approve, it shall pass, if not, the act shall not pass.

SECTION VIII – POWERS & DUTIES OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

The General Assembly shall have power to;

Lay and collect taxes, duties and imposts;

Establish, issue and regulate the currency, credit and exchange of the Commonwealth;

Regulate financial, banking, credit and insurance institutions so that they shall be designed to serve the peoples needs;

Establish standards for weights, measures, accounting and records;

Establish uniform Laws on the subject of bankruptcies throughout the Commonwealth;

Make Treaties and regulate commerce with foreign state and within the Commonwealth;

Establish, alter, consolidate or abolish such ministries, commissions, offices, agencies and other parts of the Government as may be needed to carry out any and all of the functions of Government, subject to the specific provisions of this Constitution;

Approve the appointments made to all the institutions of the Commonwealth and Government, except those chosen by electoral or Civil Service procedures;

To remove from office for cause, any member of the High Council, and any elective or appointive head of any institution, ministry, commission, office, agency or other part of Government, subject to the specific provisions in this Constitution concerning specific offices;

Co-ordinate among the constituent entities, the rules of immigration, residence and naturalisation;

Promote the progress of science and useful arts;

Plan for and regulate the development, use and conservation of the environment, for the benefit of both present and future generations;

Own, administer and supervise the development and conservation of the oceans, sea-beds and the resources thereof;

Provide assistance in the event of large scale calamities, ecological disruptions and other disasters;

To review, amend and give final approval to each budget for the Government, as submitted by the High Council and to appropriate and allocate funds for all operations and functions of the Government in accordance with the approved budgets, but subject to the right of the General Assembly to revise any appropriation not yet spent or contractually committed;

To institute such controls and regulations of technology as may be found necessary to prevent or correct widespread hazards or perils, to public health and welfare, or the environment;

Exercise exclusive jurisdiction and control over nuclear energy research, testing, and nuclear power production;

Prohibit the testing, manufacture, sale, purchase, use and possession of weapons of mass destruction;

Prevent wars and armed conflicts among the constituent entities, territories and peoples of the Commonwealth and provide the means for peaceful and just solutions of disputes and conflicts among or between the constituent entities, territories and peoples of the Commonwealth;

Define and punish felonies and breaches of International Law;

Declare war and grant letter of marque and reprisal;

Provide and maintain a navy and make rules and regulations for its governance;

Provide for calling forth the militias of the constituent entities to execute Commonwealth Laws, suppress insurrections and repel invasions and to provide for organising, training, arming, governing and disciplining the militias when employed in Commonwealth service;

To exercise exclusive legislation over all property purchased by the Commonwealth with the consent of the constituent entity in which the purchased property shall be; and

Prepare, enact, amend or repeal Laws, legislation, regulations and directions as may be found necessary or desirable, for carrying into effect the powers granted to the Government under this Constitution.

SECTION IX – WAR

All wars in which this Commonwealth shall be involved, except in the repelling of an immediate invasion or attack, must be approved explicitly by the General Assembly, through a declaration of war, which must then be submitted to the people for approval by referendum.

Every war shall be funded through a war tax, which shall be laid equally on every voter and which must be able to fund the entire war from these funds.

At times of official peace, the decision to aid, assist, or oppose any foreign government, or non-governmental movement will be reserved to the people, as individuals.

SECTION X – LIMITATIONS TO THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

No money shall be spent without an appropriation made by Law;

Records of all receipts and expenditures by Government shall be published monthly;

No tax shall be laid on incomes, capital gains, inheritances, property or gifts;

No monies shall be borrowed at any time, Government shall live within its means;

No bill of attainer or ex post facto Law shall be passed;

No Law shall regulate or prohibit any activity that is confined within a single constituent entity;

No Law shall be made, which shall imperil the Rights of the constituent entities to decide their own Laws of immigration, residence and naturalisation;

No bill shall deal with more then one subject, and each bill shall be concise and easy to read and understand;

No Law shall grant copyrights or patents, or recognise their legitimacy.

 

ARTICLE V – THE HIGH COUNCIL

SECTION I – EXECUTIVE POWER

Executive power is vested in the High Council, which shall consist of five High Councillors. They shall hold their offices during good behaviour and be elected as follows;

When a High Councillor resigns, dies or is removed for cause by the General Assembly, each House of the General Assembly shall appoint, in such manner as they choose, twelve electors each from among their number. The chosen twenty four members of the the General Assembly shall be joined by the five members of the Tribune and together they shall choose a High Councillor.

The chosen High Councillor may be any man of good repute, who is at least forty years old, and he may serve until he may resign, retire, die or be removed for cause by the General Assembly.

The decisions of the High Council shall be taken collectively.

The members of the High Council at all times shall be responsible both individually and collectively to the General Assembly.

SECTION II – POWERS, CABINET, PARDONS, APPOINTMENTS & HONOURS

The High Council shall have power;

To make Treaties, provided that two thirds of each House of the General Assembly concur;

To appoint a Commander in Chief of the armed forces when the situation necessitates it;

To implement the Law as defined in this Constitution;

To implement legislation enacted by the General Assembly;

To propose and recommend legislation for enactment by the General Assembly;

To nominate, and with the approval of the General Assembly, appoint Censors and establish an office of Censorship;

To convene the General Assembly in special sessions when necessary;

To supervise the Civil Service;

To nominate, and with the advice and consent of the General Assembly, to appoint ambassadors, ministers, Judges and all other officers of the Commonwealth, whose appointments are not provided for in this Constitution, and which shall be established by Law, but the General Assembly may vest the appointment of such inferior officers, as they think proper, in the High Council, the Courts, or in the ministers.

To remove from office any ambassador, minister, and other officers of the Commonwealth, in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution and as specified in measures enacted by the General Assembly;

To prepare and submit annually to the General Assembly a comprehensive budget for the operations of the Government;

To define and propose priorities for legislation and budgetary allocations;

To be held accountable to the General Assembly for the expenditures of appropriations made by the General Assembly in accordance with approved budgets, subject to revisions approved by the General Assembly;

To fill up all vacancies that may happen during the recess of the General Assembly, by granting commissions which shall expire at the end of their next session;

Each High Councillor shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons for offences against the Commonwealth, except in cases of treason and impeachment;

Each High Councillor shall have power to knight other men for acts of greatness, courage, valour, piety or daring. Other titles, honours and awards as may be established, shall likewise be the gift of each individual High Councillor.

SECTION III – DISQUALIFICATION

Members of the High Council may be removed for cause, either individually or collectively, by a two thirds majority vote in each House of the General Assembly.

SECTION IV – LIMITATION OF POWERS

The High Council shall not at any time alter, suspend, abridge, infringe or otherwise violate any provision of this Constitution or any legislation or Law enacted or approved by the General Assembly in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution;

The High Council may not act contrary to the decisions of the Courts;

The High Council shall be bound to faithfully execute all legislation passed by the General Assembly in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution, and may not impound or refuse to spend funds appropriated by the General Assembly, nor spend more funds than are appropriated by the General Assembly;

The High Council may not create, establish or maintain any administrative or Executive ministry or agency for the purpose of circumventing control by the General Assembly;

The High Council may not transcend or contradict the decisions of controls of the General Assembly, the Supreme Court or the provisions of this Constitution by any device of executive order of privilege, or emergency declaration or decree.

 

ARTICLE VI – THE SUPREME COURT

SECTION I – JUDICIAL POWER

The judicial power of the Commonwealth shall be vested in one Supreme Court and in such Courts as the General Assembly may ordain and establish.

SECTION II – SCOPE OF POWER

The Supreme Court, together with such regional and district Courts as may be established, shall have mandatory jurisdiction in all cases, actions, disputes, conflicts, violations of Law, civil suits, guarantees of civil and Human Rights, Constitutional interpretations and other litigations in Law, arising under the provisions of this Constitution, the Laws of the Commonwealth, Treaties made, or which shall be made, to all cases affecting ambassadors, ministers, to all cases of admiralty and to controversies to which this Commonwealth shall be a party.

SECTION III – ORIGINAL JURISDICTION

In all cases affecting ambassadors, ministers and those in which a constituent entity shall be a party, the Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction. In all other cases before mentioned, they shall have appellate jurisdiction, with such exceptions, and under such regulations as the General Assembly shall make.

SECTION IV – BENCHES OF THE SUPREME COURT

The benches of the Supreme Court and their respective jurisdictions shall be as follows;

BENCH FOR HUMAN RIGHTS; To deal with issues of Human rights arising under the guarantee of Civil and Human Rights provided by this Constitution, and arising otherwise under legislation and the body of Law approved by the General Assembly;

BENCH FOR CRIMINAL CASES; To deal with issues arising from the violation of Laws and legislation by individuals, corporations, groups and associations, but not issues primarily concerned with Human Rights;

BENCH FOR CIVIL CASES; To deal with issues involving Civil Law suits and disputes between individuals, corporations, groups and associations arising under legislation and Law and the administration thereof;

BENCH FOR CONSTITUTIONAL CASES; To deal with the interpretation of this Constitution and with issues and actions arising in connection with the interpretation of this Constitution;

BENCH FOR INTER-COMMUNAL CONFLICTS; To deal with disputes, conflicts and legal contest arising between or among the constituent entities of the Commonwealth;

BENCH FOR PUBLIC CASES; To deal with issues not under the jurisdiction of another bench arising from conflicts, disputes, civil suits or other legal contests between the Government and corporations, groups or individuals, or between the governments of constituent entities and corporations, groups or individuals in cases involving legislation and Law;

APPELLATE BENCH; To deal with issues involving legislation and Law which may be appealed from the Courts of constituent entities; and to decide which bench to assign a case, action or litigation when a question or disagreement arises over the proper jurisdiction;

ADVISORY BENCH; To give opinions upon request on any legal question arising under Law or legislation, exclusive of contests or actions involving the interpretation of this Constitution. Advisory opinions may be requested by either House or any committee of the General Assembly, any High Councillor, any minister, the Attorney General, Solicitor General, the Tribune, or by any agency of the Government;

Other benches may be established, combined or terminated upon the recommendation of the College of Judges, with the approval of the General Assembly; but benches number one through eight may not be combined, nor terminated except by amendment to this Constitution.

SECTION V – THE COLLEGE OF JUDGES

A College of Judges shall be established. The College shall consist of a minimum of twenty four member Judges and may be expanded as needed, but not to exceed sixty members;

The Judges to compose the College, shall be nominated by the High Council and shall be elected by plurality vote of the General Assembly. The High Council shall nominate three times the number of Judges to be elected at any one time;

The terms of office for a Judge shall be twenty years, except that the terms for the initial membership shall be staggered by lot with one forth of it ceasing from office and being replaced every fifth year. Successive terms may not be served;

The College of Judges shall elect a Presiding Council, which shall consist of a Chief Justice and four Associate Chief Justices. Members of the Presiding Council shall serve five year terms and may serve two successive terms, but not two successive terms as Chief Justice;

The Presiding Council shall assign all Judges, including themselves, to the several benches of the Supreme Court. Each bench shall have a minimum of three Judges;

The numbers of Judges of each bench shall choose annually a Presiding Judge, who may serve successive terms;

The members of the several benches may be reconstituted from time to time as may seem desirable or necessary upon the decision of the Presiding Council. Any decision to re-constitute a bench shall be referred to a vote of the entire College of Judges by request of any Judge;

Any Judge may be removed from office for cause by a two thirds majority vote of each House of the General Assembly;

If a Supreme Court Judge, resigns, dies or is removed for cause before his term has expired, the High Council shall nominate three possible replacements, from which the General Assembly shall elect one by majority vote of each House. This Judge shall only serve the remainder of the term of the Judge he shall replace.

Qualifications for Judges of the Supreme Court shall be at least ten years of legal or juristic experience, minimum age of thirty years and evident competence in Law and the Humanities;

The salaries, expenses, remunerations and prerogatives of the Judges shall be issued by the General Assembly, but shall not be changed to the disadvantage of any Judge during a term of office. All members of the College of Judges shall receive the same salaries, except that additional compensation may be given to the members of the Presiding Council;

Upon recommendation by the College of Judges, the General Assembly shall have the authority to establish regional and district Courts below the Supreme Court, and to establish the jurisdiction thereof, and the procedures for appeal to the Supreme court or to the several branches thereof;

The rules of procedure for the functioning of the Supreme Court, the College of Judges and for each bench of the Supreme Court, shall be decided and amended by the College of Judges.

SECTION VI – BINDING DECISIONS

Decisions of the Supreme Court shall be binding on all parties involved in all cases, actions and litigations brought before any bench of the Supreme Court for settlement. Each bench of the Supreme Court shall constitute a Court of highest appeal.

 

ARTICLE VII – THE TRIBUNES

SECTION I – FUNCTIONS & POWERS OF THE TRIBUNES

The functions and powers of the Tribunes, as public defenders, shall include the following:

To protect the People against violations or neglect of their Human and Civil Rights which are stipulated in this Constitution;

To protect the People against violations of this Constitution by any official or agency of the Government, including both elected and appointed officials or public employees regardless of institution, ministry, office, agency or rank;

To ascertain that the administration of otherwise proper Laws, ordinances and procedures of the Government do not result in unforeseen injustices, or become stultified in bureaucracy or the details of administration;

To receive and hear complaints, grievances or requests for aid from any person, group, organisation, association or agency concerning any matter which comes within the purview of the Tribune;

To request the Office of the Attorney General or any Attorney General of any constituent entity, to initiate Legal actions or Court proceedings whenever and wherever considered necessary or desirable in the view of the Tribunes;

To directly initiate Legal actions and Court proceedings whenever the Tribunes deems necessary;

To review the functioning of the ministries, offices, commissions, institutions and agencies of the Government to ascertain whether the procedures of the Government are adequately fulfilling their purposes and serving the welfare of the people in optimum fashion, and to make recommendations for improvements;

To present an annual report to the General Assembly and to the High Council on the activities of the Tribunes, together with any recommendations for legislative measures to improve the functioning of the Government for the purpose of better serving the welfare of the People;

SECTION II – COMPOSITION OF THE TRIBUNE

The Tribune shall consist of five members, one of whom shall be designated as Principle Tribune, while the other four shall each be designated as an Associate Tribune;

Members to compose the Tribune shall be chosen by lot from all the eligible voters of the Commonwealth. When one is selected by lot, he shall be offered the office of Tribune, if he shall refuse, another man shall be chosen by lot until all positions are taken;

The term of office for a Tribune shall be ten years;

The position of Principle Tribune shall be rotated every two years. The order of rotation shall be determined by the Tribunes;

The salaries, expenses, remunerations and prerogatives of the Tribunes shall be issued by the General Assembly, but shall not be changed to the disadvantage of any Tribune during a term of office. All members of the Tribune shall receive the same salaries, except that additional compensation may be given to Principle Tribune;

Any Tribune may be removed from office for cause by the General Assembly.

 

ARTICLE VIII – THE CIVIL SERVICE

SECTION I – THE FUNCTION OF THE CIVIL SERVICE

The Civil Service shall be organised to carry out the administration and implementation of legislation and Law;

The Civil Service shall be under the direction of the High Council, and shall at all times be responsible to them;

The Civil Service shall be organised so as to give professional continuity to the work of administration and implementation.

SECTION II – STRUCTURE OF THE CIVIL SERVICE

The Civil Service shall be composed of professionally organised ministries and other agencies in all areas of activity requiring continuity of administration and implementation by the Government;

Each ministry or major agency of the Government shall have as Chief of Staff a senior civil servant, who shall assist the minister and supervise the work of the ministry or agency;

Each senior civil servant shall be nominated by the minister of the particular ministry or agency and shall be confirmed by the High Council;

There shall be a Secretary General of the Civil Service, who shall be nominated by the High Council and confirmed by the General Assembly;

The functions and responsibilities of the Secretary General of the Civil Service shall be to assist in co-ordinating the work of the senior civil servants of the several ministries and agencies of the Civil Service. The Secretary General shall at all times be subject to the direction of, and directly responsible to, the High Council.

SECTION III – PROCEDURES OF THE CIVIL SERVICE

The employment of any senior civil servant and of the Secretary General may be terminated for cause by the High Council.

Each minister shall provide continuous liaison between the particular ministry or agency and the General Assembly. He shall respond to any questions or requests for information from the General Assembly, including committees of either House, and shall prepare an annual report for the particular ministry of Agency, to be submitted both to the High Council and to the General Assembly;

The High Council, in co-operation with the particular ministers in each case, shall be responsible for the original organisation of each of the ministries and major agencies of the Government.

The assignment of legislative measures, Constitutional provisions and areas of Law to particular ministries and agencies for administration and implementation shall be done by the High Council, unless specifically provided for in legislation passed by the General Assembly;

The High Council, may propose the creation of other ministries and agencies to have ministerial status; and may propose the alteration, combination or termination of existing ministries and agencies of ministerial status as may seem necessary or desirable. Any such creation, alteration, combination or termination shall require the approval of the General Assembly;

The General Assembly may specify the creation of new ministries or agencies of ministerial status, or may direct the High Council to alter, combine or terminate existing ministries or agencies of ministerial status.

 

ARTICLE IX – THE COMMONWEALTH CITIES

SECTION I – PURPOSE

Five Commonwealth Cities shall be established, for the purpose of locating the General Assembly, the High Council, the Supreme Court, the Tribune, the Secretariat and also the ministries, administrative departments, offices, commissions, agencies and other parts of the Government;

The location and administration of the Commonwealth Cities shall be determined by the High Council and General Assembly;

The primary seats of all institutions of Government shall be located in these Commonwealth Cities;

SECTION II – LOCATIONAL PROCEDURES

Choices for location of the five Commonwealth Cities shall be proposed by the High Council and then shall be decided by a simple majority vote of the General Assembly. The High Council shall offer choices of two or three locations for each of the five Commonwealth Cities;

Each institution of Government shall decide how best to apportion and organise its functions and activities among the five Commonwealth Cities, subject to specific directions from the General Assembly;

The General Assembly may decide to rotate its sessions among the five Commonwealth Cities, and if so, to decide the procedure for rotation;

Any Commonwealth City may be relocated by a two thirds vote of both Houses of the General Assembly.

 

ARTICLE X – THE CONSTITUENT ENTITIES

SECTION I – EACH CONSTITUENT ENTITY TO HONOUR ALL OTHERS

Full faith and credit shall be given in each constituent entity to the public acts, records and judicial proceedings of every other constituent entity and the General Assembly may prescribe by legislation, the manner in which such acts, records and proceedings shall be proved and the effect thereof.

SECTION II – SOVERIGNTY

Each constituent entity is independent and sovereign. It shall retain all freedoms, powers, jurisdictions, Rights and privileges not expressly delegated to the Commonwealth. Each constituent entity has the right of secession from the Commonwealth at any time and for any reason, providing the People of that constituent entity have consented in a referendum, which shall require two thirds approval.

SECTION III – CONSTIUENT ENTITY CITIZENS, EXTRADITION

Anyone charged in any constituent entity with any crime, who shall flee from justice, and be found in another constituent entity, shall be removed to that place with jurisdiction of that crime, on the demand of the Executive authority of that place from which he fled.

SECTION IV – NEW CONSTITUENT ENTITIES

New constituent entities may be admitted into this Commonwealth; but no new constituent entity shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other constituent entity; nor any constituent entity be formed by the joining of two or more constituent entities, or parts of constituent entities, without the consent of the people, legislatures and Executives of the constituent entities concerned.

SECTION V – RIGHTS OF CONSTITUTNT ENTITIES & THE COMMONWEALTH

The Commonwealth shall respect and guarantee in Law, the autonomy of the constituent entities;

The Commonwealth shall assure all possible discretion to the member constituent entities, to determine their internal political systems and to organise their own affairs, taking into account their particularities;

The principle of subsidiarity shall guide the allocation and performance of all tasks;

Each constituent entity shall have power to establish, issue and regulate its own currency, credit and exchange;

Each constituent entity shall have the right to control the rules of immigration, residence and naturalisation to non constituent entity citizens. All constituent entities and the People thereof, shall have the right to seek the self preservation of their identity, ethnicity, language and culture. No Commonwealth Law may imperil this Right;

Commonwealth Law shall be implemented by the constituent entities in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution and Commonwealth legislation, Commonwealth Law shall take precedence over the laws of constituent entities;

The constituent entities shall be consulted by the Commonwealth Government on policy decisions that may affect their powers or their essential interests;

The constituent entities, between themselves, may authorise organisations or institutions, by Treaty or agreement, to issue legislative provisions implementing a Treaty or agreement;

Treaties and agreements between constituent entities must not be contrary to Law, to the interests of the Commonwealth or to the Rights of other constituent entities. The Commonwealth must be notified of such Treaties and agreements;

The Commonwealth Government may participate in such organisations and institutions within the scope of its powers, but only at the request of the constituent entities concerned;

Constituent entities may designate official languages, however, they must consider linguistic minorities;

Constituent entities may be known or referred to as states, cantons, counties, shires, provinces, communities, regions or any other name, and my be known or referred to in other languages.

SECTION VI – MILITIAS & DEFENCE

Each constituent entity shall organise a militia, which shall, if necessary enforce the laws of that constituent entity, or assist in times of calamity or crisis to prevent public disorder;

Militias shall be the primary unit of defence for the Commonwealth, and, if necessary, shall be called on by the Commonwealth to enforce Commonwealth Law, suppress insurrections and repel invasions;

Every man must render military service as part of a militia, the Law may provide for an alternative service. Any man who renders neither military nor alternative service will owe a tax, which shall be levied by the Commonwealth Government and be collected by the constituent entity;

Constituent entities shall provide for organising, training, arming, governing and disciplining the militia when they are not in Commonwealth service. Constituent entities shall also appoint all officers of the militia.

SECTION VII – POWERS PROHIBITED TO THE CONSTITUENT ENTITIES

No constituent entity shall pass any bill of attainer, ex post facto law, or Law impairing the obligation of contracts;

No constituent entity shall lay any impost or duty on imports or exports;

No constituent entity shall prepare for war in time of peace, enter into any agreement with a foreign power or engage in war, except in the repelling of an immediate invasion or attack;

No constituent entity shall contract a debt on the credit of their taxpayers;

No constituent entity shall lay a tax on incomes, capital gains, inheritances, property or gifts.

Section VIII

The Commonwealth shall guarantee to each constituent entity, protection against invasion; the Commonwealth shall also, be entitled to restore order within any constituent entity, if the assembly, the people or the Executive thereof, so request.

 

ARTICLE X – TERRITORIES

SECTION I – TERRITORY

Those areas which are not under the jurisdiction of existing constituent entities at the time of the forming the Commonwealth, shall be designated as a territory;

SECTION II – DESCRIPTION

The administration of territories shall be determined by the General Assembly and implemented by the High Council and shall apply to the following areas;

All and any lands, islands or atolls which are unclaimed and unused

All oceans and seas, together with the seabeds, beginning at a distance of twelve miles offshore, excluding inland seas;

The atmosphere, beginning at an elevation of one half of a mile above the general surface of the land;

Settlements and areas which may choose the status of territory.

 

ARTICLE XI – RATIFICATION & AMENDMENT

SECTION I – RATIFICATION OF THIS CONSTIUTION

This Constitution shall be transmitted to the People for final ratification, which shall be accomplished by a simple majority of votes cast in a popular referendum, providing that a minimum of fifty percent of eligible voters have cast ballots.

SECTION II – PROPOSING AMENDMENTS

Amendments to this Constitution may be proposed for consideration in three ways:

By a simple majority vote of either House of the General Assembly;

By petitions signed by one fifth of all eligible voters;

By request of one third of constituent entities, by the Executive or legislature thereof;

SECTION III – CONVENTIONS

If one of the above conditions has been satisfied, a convention shall be called, where amendments to this Constitution shall be proposed, debated and discussed. Representatives of each constituent entity, members of the General Assembly, the Supreme Court, the High Council and Tribune shall be in attendance. Passage of any amendment shall require an absolute two thirds majority of each House of the General Assembly, the assent of two-thirds of the constituent entities, and a majority of the People in a popular referendum. All amendments so passed, shall be valid to all intents and purposes as part of this Constitution; provided that no amendment which shall in any manner affect the privileges and powers of the constituent entities is passed without unanimous support of the constituent entities.

SECTION IV – PERIODICAL CONVENTIONS

Ten years after the first sitting of the General Assembly, and every thirty years thereafter, representatives of the constituent entities, members of the General Assembly, the Supreme Court, the High Council and Tribune shall meet in special session comprising a Constitutional convention to conduct a review of this Constitution to consider and propose possible amendments, which shall then require action as specified in Section III of this Article, for passage.

 

ARTICLE XII – SUPREMACY

SECTION I

This Constitution, as well as the Laws of the Commonwealth which shall be made in accordance with it and all Treaties made under its authority, shall be the supreme Law of the land; and everyone shall be bound thereby;

SECTION II

Except by following the amendments procedures herein, no part of this Constitution may be set aside, suspended or subverted, neither for emergencies nor caprice nor convenience.

SECTION III

Every man who shall be elected, appointed or chosen by lot to fill any office, or any civil servant, shall, before they take up that office, be required to take an oath or affirmation, it shall be as follows:

‘I, name, do solemnly swear/affirm that I shall, to the utmost of my power maintain the Laws of God and uphold the Constitution against all enemies, and that I shall bear true allegiance to the same. I take this obligation freely, and will faithfully discharge the duties of office on which I am about to enter. So help me God.’

 

ARTICLE XIII

SECTION I – INHERENT RIGHTS

The enumeration of certain Rights and Liberties, shall not be construed to deny others retained by the people.

SECTION II – POWERS NOT DELEGATED

The powers not delegated to the Commonwealth Government, nor prohibited, are reserved to the constituent entities or to the People.

SECTION III – KEEPING ONE’S RIGHTS

Wherefore it is willed, and firmly enjoined, that all men in the Commonwealth have and hold all the aforesaid Liberties, Rights, Guarantees and Concessions, well and peacefully, freely and quietly, fully and wholly, for themselves and their heirs, in all respects and in all places forever.

 

Establishment of the Left

‘What were fifty years ago the three most prominent non-leftist institutions in the world—the Roman Catholic Church, the United States of America, and the British monarchy—are now explicitly in the service of the left. And the conservative movement itself is now explicitly in the service of the left.’

Source

The only thing I would haggle with is the idea that the United States was ever a ‘conservative’ institution. America has been a revolutionary state for most of its existence, being held back only by the Christian faith of the South, and after 1865, until Bolshevik Russia appeared, America was the trend setter in progressive thought and action, perhaps the only other radical state would have been republican France. It’s odd that America is in hindsight regarded as ‘conservative’! That is only a modern idea, I think, I wouldn’t think British, Russian, German or Austrian aristocrats would have considered America conservative in 1910.

But the main argument made by Lawrence Auster is correct, Every surviving institution from the ‘old days’ is an instrument of the left, and for conservatives that is a problem. Being conservatives, we naturally wish to see the continuance of that which is tried and tested, but, the values that these institutions now push, are the values of our enemies, so do we reject these institutions?

The universities, which used to send reliable Tory MPs to parliament, were pillars of the old order, and are now a part of the new order. Do we reject the universities? Do we set up our own? I do like the thought of setting up an online university, as is already happening, this could be used to begin new universities, or could be kept online.

The Army in Britain and now the US seem to be completely co-opted into the new order as well, I’m sure individuals can be conservative, but if you wish to climb the ladder of promotion, you need to brown nose and proclaim one’s fealty to the negro and paki. It is the same in the police forces, they are no longer on our side, they are the instruments of the enemy.

Is there any institution that has not been co-opted?

The churches have been taken over, the schools, the media is obviously in their hands, the Monarchy is a puppet, that regularly parrots the multi cult line, all of our institutions and constitutions have failed us and have been and will continue to be used against us.

I fear the only way to fight these things, will result in the abolition of everything we are familiar with. But I suppose that is exactly what a few long-term thinkers amongst our enemies were thinking.

So, when writin…

So, when writing a constitution I am writing it making a few assumptions, one is that the people are a virtuous, Christian people. This will impact on many things, one being that I don’t have a marriage clause, because in a healthy society, no one seriously considers that sodomites could wed each other, another is that I would not have women voting in this theoretical Federation, women’s suffrage has caused too much trouble and most women, are not interested in politics anyway. I did include a clause in Article II prohibiting women from voting, but was not sure if I should include it.

The preamble is the most iffy bit I think, I suppose each preamble will be different according to who writes it and among which people are having it written for them. I like the first Article, it lays down, much more clearly then say the American constitution, what is and is not allowed, the right to life specifically prohibits abortion, so that no harpy can claim she has the right to kill her child. The slavery clause also prohibits usury, this would be quite important in years to come, when banking interests are attempting, once again, to re-enslave the people, this would mean no credit cards with 20% APR, no Wonga.Com charging over 2000% interest on a short-term loan etc…

The Section IX is a lot more strict on government or enforcement agencies then is now the case in America or anywhere else I can think! It not only ensures someones house papers and effects can’t be searched without warrant, it makes the intercepting of communication, the hacking of their computers or a search of the person, something they would need a warrant for as well. Remember, this is for a theoretical situation, where we don’t have any immigrants, they all left and went home, so very little crime, a virtuous and Christian people etc, etc…

No faffing about with the right to keep and bear arms, not sure about Section XI, it is something I like the sound of, but it could be construed to allow sodomites to have their little ghettos where they hang out rainbow flags and felate each other on street corners! But it could also be used by Amish types, so I am minded to keep it! Any thoughts?

Section XVI, the reason I single out Senators as different, is because I would be attempting to establish a new aristocracy, or something approaching it.

Not sure about Article II, Section I, I want something that prohibits hordes of foreigners from trampling our lands, but, am not sure exactly how to word it!

Section II, I think with all the porn in the world, we need a censor, not someone censoring politics or blogs, but someone censoring vile images, which, are not speech!

And, most importantly, in Section III, the prohibition of political parties, this is essential. Even if this was the only thing I could actually accomplish, I would be happy if this was to pass. Political parties divide our peoples, it makes people stupid, they argue with someone they should be allying with, all because of some stupid personality or some idiotic policy, health care or pensions or some other irrelevancy. The worst thing about political parties, is that good people will say, ‘I shall vote conservative and they will stop immigration’, when they won’t, in fact they speed it up!!! Whilst lefties say, ‘I will vote Labour for peace and justice’ and they get Serbia, Sierra Leone, Iraq, Kosovo, Afghanistan and Iraq! Not exactly getting what you voted for is it? So political parties will be abolished, people can vote, but they shall vote for the man, instead of the party!

The General Assembly, I suppose you could call it whatever you want, a parliament, a congress, a council, but I think this is an improvement on what we have now, it allows for election to the House of Delegates, but the Senate is in effect a life appointment, each Senator can appoint a successor, most I imagine would appoint a son, but they don’t have to, if they have a feckless son, they might appoint a nephew or brother or even a friend. But just in case the appointed successor is not up to it, the rest of the Senators have a say in who gets to succeed, so that the truly feckless can be kept out, again, I am assuming that we are dealing with virtuous people here! The Delegates are elected in much the same way that the American Senate used to be elected, by the states/cantons, in the American constitution, the legislatures had the rights to elect a Senator, in my constitution, the state or canton will decide for itself, so it could be the legislature electing the delegates or it could be that they are elected by a popular vote, it will be up to the constituent member of the Federation.

The composition of the Senate and Delegates, restrains ‘democracy’ without abolishing it, it is not mob rule, but it does allow for some popular influence.

Another thing I like, it the option of a referendum on possibly every Act of the Assembly, this is used in Switzerland to keep their politicians in check, it is something they hate, but must put up with, and so it would be in my theoretical Federation.

The war powers of this Federation are retrained, and unless they have been invaded or attacked, they must seek a declaration of war from the General Assembly and must have a referendum on this, with each voter who approves war, signing himself up to fight. In this theoretical Federation, voting is public, not secret, people should not be ashamed of how they vote. Secrecy was a good idea when it was introduced, but it has passed its usefulness, especially in a virtuous polity. So we would know how people vote, and so could have internet voting, but with open voting everyones voting record could be accessed, this would keep voting fraud down and we could see who voted themselves into the army.

Also a special war tax would be imposed on everyone, this would ensure only a truly popular war could be fought for any length of time. No more Iraqs or Afghanistans or Serbias or Somalias or Vietnams! Unless people don’t mind the tax, and volunteering to fight!

Section XI has one of the most important clauses, and that is;‘No tax shall be laid on incomes, capital gains, inheritances, property or gifts of an individual or family’ This ensures that no government can pile tax upon tax, ones income profits, inheritance, property and gifts belong to one, not the government, and with this, they shall be powerless to take your money. I specifically make this about individuals and families, so that corporations, can still be taxed.

The government is also prohibited from creating a national debt, this is one of the central powers that modern states have, and it is one mine, shall not have.

I’m not a fan of copyright or patent laws, it seems the super rich use this to squeeze more money out of the poor for no reason other than they had something developed in their labs fifty years ago. I don’t really think that is right! Also, I hate Hollywood, anything that hits their pockets has got to be good!

And so onto Article V, instead of a president, I have a council of nine, kinda like the Venetian one, but without the Doge! The office of president, along with the Supreme Court seem to me, to be the greatest weaknesses in the current American system, between them they dominate that country, which they should not do. My system would lessen the possibilities of a Lincoln or a Roosevelt or a Tony Blair or an Obama, with more than one leader, it diffuses power and could contain a danger like those above. Although at least six of the nine Consuls would have to agree on everything, they could pardon or honour anyone they wish.

Another important one, is the Supreme Court, the Judges have terms, so can’t be as almighty as the American version!

And another office I would introduce is the Tribune of the people, a council of five tribunes, elected by lot, so that possibly anyone could serve in this position for a ten-year term, I don’t prohibit further terms, because the likelihood of being chosen twice by lot is highly unlikely! They  would have power to appeal to the Assembly and the Consulate, they could investigate government, they could make a fuss and embarrass people, they could bring issues to trial and make recommendations for legislation, not all-powerful, but a good speed bump for those greedy for power.

In describing the Cantons and their powers, it states unequivocally that each can leave the Federation at any time and for any reason, with this and the fact that the army is the militias of the cantons, one would hope that no American civil war situation could arise. Each canton could have its own sort of government, monarchial, direct democracy, representative etc…And most importantly, each Canton may restrict immigration into their cantons, no automatic right of abode. This could be a great firewall against any future mass migrations, as only some cantons, one would hope, are stupid enough to allow immigrants into their cantons, most others could insulate themselves from this, with this power.

Overall, there is little democracy in this, which I think is only good, the Tribune is there by lottery to stand up for peoples rights and against power, the courts are elected by the Assembly, but only for one term, the Senators are appointed, but only with the concurrence of the other Senators, the delegates are elected, but they are representative only of a state or canton, not a constituency, but they are influential in who they elect, the Consuls and the Judges as well as confirming the appointments made by the Consuls.

It seems a well-balanced constitution, but if there is anything you think needs alteration or revision, leave a comment!

Final Draft (I think)

                      Constitution of the Federation

 

KNOW THAT BEFORE GOD, for the good of our souls and those of our ancestors and heirs, in order to ensure justice and peace among our peoples, to ensure to future posterity the blessings of our faith and culture, to prevent future tyranny and oppression, to the honour of God and the exaltation of His Holy Church, we set out the following in a Constitution.

ARTICLE I – Rights & Liberties

SECTION I

That it is granted, in perpetuity, that all men shall be free and shall have all their Rights and Liberties undiminished or unimpaired, for them and their heirs for ever.

SECTION II

All men are born equal in dignity and honour. They are endowed, by God, with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

SECTION III

Everyone’s right to life shall be protected by Law, whether born or unborn. No one shall be deprived of his life intentionally save in the execution of a sentence of a Court following his conviction of a crime for which this penalty is provided by Law.

SECTION IV

No one shall be subjected to torture or cruel and unusual punishments.

SECTION V

No one shall be held in slavery; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms, including usury. No one shall be required to perform forced or compulsory labour, save in the execution of a sentence of a Court, following his conviction of a crime for which this penalty is provided by Law.

SECTION VI

Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property. The right to own, maintain, use, protect, and dispose of private property will not be infringed,nor shall private property be taken for public use.

SECTION VII

No Law abridging the freedom of speech; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, or to petition Government for a redress of grievances, shall be made. Excepting if it is as an overt part of an incitement to violence, armed riot or insurrection.

SECTION VIII

Freedom to travel without passport or visas or other forms of registration, between, among or within Cantons shall not be infringed. This does not however imply the right to live or settle in any Canton.

SECTION IX

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, property, homes, papers, communications, stored information and effects, against unreasonable searches, monitoring, interception and seizures, shall not be violated, whether by Government or private parties, and warrants shall only be issued for probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and describing the person, place or thing to be monitored, intercepted, searched or seized.

SECTION X

The right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed;

SECTION XI

The right of peaceful self-determination for minorities and dissenters shall not be infringed;

SECTION XII

No man shall be held to answer for a crime, unless indicted; nor shall any man shall be tried for the same offence twice, nor be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without the due process of law.

SECTION XIII

In all criminal prosecutions, excepting impeachment, the accused shall have the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury within the community the crime has been committed, and to be informed of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to obtain witnesses in his favour, and to have legal assistance for his defence. But when not committed within any Canton, the trial shall be at such place or places as the General Assembly may by Law have directed.

SECTION XIV

The privilege of the writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended.

SECTION XV

For a trivial offence, a man shall be fined only in proportion to the degree of his offence, and for a serious offence correspondingly, but not so heavily as to deprive him of his livelihood. No fines shall be imposed except by the assessment of a jury.

SECTION XVI

Senators shall be fined only by their equals, and only in proportion to the gravity of their offence.

SECTION XVII

Excessive bail shall not be required.

SECTION XVIII

In civil suits where the value in contention shall exceed an amount fixed by Law, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and shall not be re-examined in any other Court, than according to law.

SECTION XIX

All men may enter or leave this Federation unharmed and without fear, except in time of war, for some short period, for the common benefit of all. People that have been Lawfully imprisoned or outlawed, or those described in Article II, or people from a country that is at war with us – are excepted from this provision.

SECTION XX

The people shall always have the right to review, reform, change or abolish this Constitution.

ARTICLE II – PROHIBITIONS

SECTION I

No one of any other race, creed or ethnicity shall be permitted to settle in our Federation. They shall not be able to hold any Rights to any land, they shall not own, control, be involved or influence, in any way, a company, business, corporation or any part of government. They shall be prohibited from involvement in our media, entertainment, news outlets, educational facilities or politics, whether sought or unsought. Although we welcome those who wish to study, travel and learn, no alien, no matter how decent, shall be allowed asylum or residence in this Federation for any reason and the Rights and Liberties described in this Constitution shall not apply to any alien.

SECTION II

Censorship being sometimes necessary for the common good, shall be within the powers of the Consulate, overseen by the General Assembly.

SECTION III

The organisation of political parties is prohibited, party and strife have caused much damage to our people, to prevent further damage no political party shall be organised.

ARTICLE III – THE FEDERATION

The organs of the Federation shall be:

The General Assembly;

The Consulate;

The Supreme Court;

The Tribune;

The Civil Service;

The Cantons.

ARTICLE IV – GENERAL ASSEMBLY

SECTION I

To obtain the general consent of the people, Senators and Delegates shall be summoned to a General Assembly. All legislative powers shall be vested in a General Assembly, which shall consist of a Senate and a House of Delegates.

SECTION II – THE HOUSE OF DELEGATES

The House of Delegates shall be composed of members chosen every third year by the Cantons, the manner of the elections shall be decided by each Canton.

Delegates shall be at least twenty-five years old, and when elected, be an inhabitant of the Canton for which he shall be chosen.

Each Canton shall be entitled to one vote in the House of Delegates

When vacancies happen in the Delegation from any Canton, that Canton may fill such vacancies as it sees fit.

The House of Delegates shall choose their speaker and other officers; and shall have the sole power of impeachment over them.

SECTION III – THE SENATE

The Senate shall be composed of appointed Senators.

The Senate shall choose their speaker and other officers.

The Senate shall have the sole power to try all Federal impeachments. When sitting for that purpose, they shall be on oath or affirmation. When one of the Consuls is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: and no person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present.

Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of honour, trust or profit within the Federation: but the party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judgment and punishment, according to law.

SECTION IV – ELECTIONS, MEETINGS, MEMBERSHIP

The times, places and manner of holding elections for Delegates, shall be prescribed in each Canton by the assembly thereof.

Each Canton may choose however many Delegates they wish, the Delegation shall attend the General Assembly and each Delegate may speak in the House of Delegates, however, each Delegation shall be entitled to only one vote, no matter how populous or large that Canton may be. The House of Delegates may allow delegations from non-Cantonal organisations, they shall have all the Rights and privileges as all other Delegations.

Senators shall be appointed to an open-ended term, they may serve as long as they feel able. When they do retire or die, they may choose as their successor any other man and the Senate need only confirm this choice by simple majority. If the Senate does not approve, his second choice shall be considered and so on, until the Senate agrees to a successor. When a Senator dies and has no will or testament, the Senate shall offer the position to one of his family or friends who shall be suitably virtuous and God-fearing. If a Senator is impeached and convicted, he shall be removed from office and the position shall be offered to whomever the Senate feel is appropriate for the position. The numbers of Senators may be increased from the present level, however, the Senate must agree by two-thirds for each new Senator, and once created, those Senators shall be like the original number of Senators and shall have all the same Rights and privileges.

SECTION V

The General Assembly shall meet at least once in every year, on a day that they shall appoint by law.

SECTION VI – MEMBERSHIP, RULES, JOURNALS, ADJOURNMENTS

A majority of each House shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a smaller number may adjourn from day-to-day, and may be authorized to compel the attendance of absent members, in such manner, and under such penalties as each House may provide.

Each House may determine the rules of its proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behaviour, and, with the concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member.

Each House shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and shall publish them, excepting such parts as may in their judgment require secrecy; and the votes of the members of either house on any question shall be entered in the journal.

Neither House, during the session of the General Assembly, shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than that in which the two houses shall be sitting.

SECTION VII – PRIVILEGE

Members of the General Assembly shall be privileged from arrest during their attendance of their respective Houses and in going to and returning from the same, in all cases, except treason, felony and breach of the peace. No member of the General Assembly shall be questioned or indicted for any speech or debate in either House.

No Delegate, Senator, Supreme Court Justice, Tribune or Consul shall, during the time in which he serves in these positions, be appointed to any civil office of the Federal Government; and no person holding any civil office, shall be a member of the General Assembly, the Supreme Court, the Tribune or the Consulate during his employment.

SECTION VIII – LEGISLATIVE PROCESS, VETO

Every bill, order, resolution, or vote to which the concurrence of the General Assembly may be necessary, except on a question of adjournment, shall be presented to the Consulate ; if they approve, they shall sign it, but if not they shall return it, with their objections to the House in which it originated. That House shall proceed to reconsider it. If after such reconsideration two-thirds of that House shall agree to pass the bill, order, resolution, or vote, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other House, which shall likewise reconsider the bill, order, resolution, or vote and if approved by two-thirds of that House, it shall be passed. If within ten days, any bill is not returned by the Consulate, it shall be law, as if they had signed it, unless the General Assembly by their adjournment prevent its return, in which case it shall not be law.

All acts of the General Assembly, once approved by the Consulate, excepting adjournments, appointments and other procedural acts, can be put to a referendum; if one fifth of the eligible voters of the Federation, or one-third of the Cantons, request it within one hundred days of the passing of the act. Referenda shall take place in as speedy a manner as is allowed. If a majority of the voters and Cantons approve, it shall pass, if not, that act shall not pass.

SECTION IX – POWERS & RESPONSIBILITIES

The General Assembly shall have power;

To lay and collect tax to provide for the general welfare of the Federation; however all tax shall be uniform throughout the Federation;

Establish, issue and regulate currency, credit and exchange; regulate financial, banking, credit and insurance institutions so that they shall be designed to serve the peoples needs;

Establish universal standards for weights, measures, accounting and records;

Establish uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies throughout the Federation;

To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities and currency of the Federation;

Make treaties and regulate commerce with foreign states, and within the Federation;

Establish, alter, abolish or consolidate such ministries, commissions, corporations, administrations, agencies or other parts of the Government as may by needed to carry out any and all of the functions and powers of the Government, subject to the specific provisions of this Constitution;

To approve the appointments of the heads of all major ministries, commissions, offices, agencies and other parts of the several organs of the Government, except those chosen by electoral or Civil Service procedures;

To remove from office for cause any member of the Consulate, and any elective or appointive head of any organ, department, office, agency or other part of the Government, subject to the specific provisions in this Constitution concerning specific offices;

Coordinate among the Cantons, the rules of immigration, residence and naturalisation;

Promote the progress of science and useful arts;

Plan for and regulate the development, use and conservation of the environment as the common heritage of all men, protecting the environment for the benefit of both present and future generations;

Own, administer and supervise the development and conservation of the oceans and sea-beds and all resources thereof, and protect them from damage;

Provide assistance in the event of large-scale calamities, ecological disruptions and other disasters;

Guarantee and enforce the individual and communal Rights and Liberties which are defined in this Constitution;

To prepare and enact detailed legislation in all areas of authority and jurisdiction to the Government under this Constitution;

To amend or repeal laws as may be found necessary or desirable;

To review, amend and give final approval to each budget for the Government, as submitted by the Consulate and to appropriate and allocate funds for all operations and functions of the Government in accordance with approved budgets, but subject to the right of the General Assembly to revise any appropriation not yet spent or contractually committed;

Provide for the examination and assessment of technological innovations, to determine possible hazards or perils to men or the environment; institute such controls and regulations of technology as may be found necessary to prevent or correct widespread hazards or perils to public health and welfare;

Exercise exclusive jurisdiction and control over nuclear energy research, testing and nuclear power production, including the right to prohibit any form of nuclear testing or production considered hazardous;

Prohibit and eliminate the design, testing, manufacture, sale, purchase, use and possession of weapons of mass destruction;

Prevent wars and armed conflicts among the Cantons, regions, districts, parts and peoples of the Federation and provide the means for peaceful and just solutions of disputes and conflicts among or between Cantons, peoples, and/or other components within the Federation;

Define and punish piracies and felonies committed, and offences against the laws of nations;

Declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and make rules concerning captures;

Provide and maintain a navy, and make rules and regulations for its governance;

Provide for calling forth the militia to execute Federal laws, suppress insurrections and repel invasions and to provide for organizing, training, arming, governing and disciplining the militia when employed in Federal service, reserving to the Cantons respectively, the appointment of the officers;

To exercise exclusive legislation over all property purchased by the Federation with the consent of the Canton in which the purchased property shall be; and

To make all laws, regulations and directions which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into effect the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this Constitution in the Federal Government, or in any ministry or officer thereof.

SECTION X – WAR

All acts of war by the Federation, except in the repelling of an immediate invasion or attack, must be established through a declaration of war issued by the General Assembly, as well as a referendum of all eligible voters. All able-bodied citizens who vote for war must enlist in the military.

Every war, excepting that which shall repel an immediate attack or invasion, shall be funded through a war tax, which shall be laid equally from every voter.

At times of official peace, the decision to aid, assist, or oppose any foreign Government or revolutionary movement will be reserved to the people, as individuals.

SECTION XI – LIMITATIONS TO THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

No money shall be spent, without an appropriation made by law; and a regular statement and account of the receipts and expenditures of all public money shall be published.

No tax shall be laid on incomes, capital gains, inheritances, property or gifts of an individual or family.

No tax can be laid if not for the general common good.

No borrowing of any money shall be done at any time, or for any purpose; no Government has the right to enslave its citizens to usurers and banking interests or to extract tax for the purpose of interest payments.

No bill of attainer or ex post facto Law shall be passed.

No Law shall be made, which shall imperil the Rights of Cantons to decide their own laws of immigration, residence and naturalisation.

No bill shall be drawn, unless it deals with one subject only, each bill shall be concise and easy to read and understand;

No Law shall grant copyrights or patents, or recognize their legitimacy.

ARTICLE V – EXECUTIVE

SECTION I – THE CONSULATE

Executive power is vested in the Consulate, which shall consist of nine Consuls. They shall hold their office during good behaviour and be elected, as follows:

In consequence of the resignation, retirement, death or removal for cause of a sitting Consul, each House of the General Assembly shall appoint, in such manner as they may direct, a number of Electors, not exceeding twelve each;

The Electors shall meet in conclave and by unanimity, select a man of good repute to serve as Consul.

The chosen Consul may be any man of good repute, and he may sit as Consul until he may resign, retire, die or be removed for cause by the General Assembly.

The decisions of the Consulate shall be taken collectively, on the basis of two third majority decisions.

The members of the Consulate at all times shall be responsible both individually and collectively to the General Assembly.

SECTION II – POWERS, CABINET, PARDONS, HONOURS, APPOINTMENTS

The Consulate shall have power;

To make treaties, provided two-thirds of the General Assembly concur;

To appoint a Commander-in-Chief of the navy and the militias of the Cantons, when called into the service of the Federation, who shall be approved by the General Assembly, excepting in cases of immediate attack or invasion;

To implement the Law as defined in the Constitution;

To implement legislation enacted by the General Assembly;

To propose and recommend legislation for enactment by the General Assembly;

To convene the General Assembly in special sessions when necessary;

To supervise the Civil Service all of the ministries, offices and agencies thereof;

To nominate, select and remove the heads of various organs, branches, ministries, offices, commissions, agencies and other parts of the Government, in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution and as specified in measures enacted by the General Assembly;

To require the opinion, in writing, or otherwise of the ministers, upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices;

To prepare and submit annually to the General Assembly a comprehensive budget for the operations of the Government;

To define and propose priorities for legislation and budgetary allocations;

To be held accountable to the General Assembly for the expenditures of appropriations made by the General Assembly in accordance with approved budgets, subject to revisions approved by the General Assembly;

To nominate, and with the advice and consent of the General Assembly, to appoint ambassadors, ministers, Judges, and all other officers of the Federation, whose appointments are not provided for in this Constitution, and which shall be established by law: but the General Assembly may vest the appointment of such inferior officers, as they think proper, in the Consulate, the Courts of Law, or in the ministers.

The Consulate shall have power to fill up all vacancies that may happen during the recess of the General Assembly, by granting commissions which shall expire at the end of their next session.

Each Consul shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons for offences against the Federation, except in cases of treason and impeachment.

Each Consul shall have the power to knight other men for acts of greatness, courage, valour, piety or daring. Other titles and awards as may be established, shall likewise, be the gift of each individual Consul.

SECTION III – DISQUALIFICATION

Members of the Consulate may be removed for cause, either individually or collectively, by a two-thirds majority vote of each of the two houses of the General Assembly.

SECTION IV – LIMITATIONS OF POWER

The Consulate shall not at any time alter, suspend, abridge, infringe or otherwise violate any provision of this Constitution or any legislation or Law enacted or approved by the General Assembly in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution.

The Consulate may not act contrary to decisions of the Courts.

The Consulate shall be bound to faithfully execute all legislation passed by the General Assembly in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution, and may not impound or refuse to spend funds appropriated by the General Assembly, nor spend more funds than are appropriated by the General Assembly.

The Consulate may not transcend or contradict the decisions or controls of the General Assembly, the Supreme Court or the provisions of this Constitution by any device of Executive order or Executive privilege or emergency declaration or decree.

ARTICLE VI – THE JUDICIARY

SECTION I – SUPREME COURT

The judicial power of the Federation, shall be vested in one Supreme Court and in such inferior Courts as the General Assembly may ordain and establish, the Supreme Court shall consist of at least eight benches.

SECTION II – SCOPE OF POWER

The Supreme Court, together with such regional and district Courts as may be established, shall have mandatory jurisdiction in all cases, actions, disputes, conflicts, violations of law, civil suits, guarantees of civil and Human Rights, Constitutional interpretations, and other litigations in Law, arising under the provisions of this Constitution, the Laws of the Federation, and treaties made, or which shall be made; to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and Consuls; to all cases of admiralty and to controversies to which the Federation shall be a party.

SECTION III – ORIGINAL JURISDICTION

In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and Consuls, and those in which a Canton shall be party, the Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the other cases before mentioned, they shall have appellate jurisdiction, with such exceptions, and under such regulations as the General Assembly shall make.

SECTION IV – BENCHES OF THE SUPREME COURT

The benches of the Supreme Court and their respective jurisdictions shall be as follows:

Bench for Human Rights: to deal with issues of Human Rights arising under the guarantee of Civil and Human Rights provided by this Constitution, and arising otherwise under legislation and the body of Law approved by the General Assembly.

Bench for Criminal Cases: to deal with issues arising from the violation of laws and legislation by individuals, corporations, groups and associations, but not issues primarily concerned with Human Rights.

Bench for Civil Cases: to deal with issues involving Civil Law suits and disputes between individuals, corporations, groups and associations arising under legislation and Law and the administration thereof.

Bench for Constitutional Cases: to deal with the interpretation of the Constitution and with issues and actions arising in connection with the interpretation of the Constitution.

Bench for Inter-Cantonal Conflicts: to deal with disputes, conflicts and Legal contest arising between or among the Cantons of the Federation.

Bench for Public Cases: to deal with issues not under the jurisdiction of another bench arising from conflicts, disputes, civil suits or other Legal contests between the Government and corporations, groups or individuals, or between Cantonal governments and corporations, groups or individuals in cases involving legislation and Law.

Appellate Bench: to deal with issues involving legislation and Law which may be appealed from Cantonal Courts; and to decide which bench to assign a case or action or litigation when a question or disagreement arises over the proper jurisdiction.

Advisory Bench: to give opinions upon request on any Legal question arising under Law or legislation, exclusive of contests or actions involving interpretation of the Constitution. Advisory opinions may be requested by any House or committee of the General Assembly, by any Consul, any ministry, the office of the Attorney General, the Tribune, or by any agency of the Government.

Other benches may be established, combined or terminated upon recommendation of the Collegium of Judges with approval by the General Assembly; but benches number one through eight may not be combined nor terminated except by amendment of this Constitution.

SECTION V – THE COLLEGIUM OF JUDGES

A Collegium of Judges shall be established by the General Assembly. The Collegium shall consist of a minimum of twenty member Judges, and may be expanded as needed but not to exceed sixty members.

The Judges to compose the Collegium of Judges shall be nominated by the Consulate and shall be elected by plurality vote of the General Assembly. The Consulate shall nominate between two and three times the number of Judges to be elected at any one time. Elections to the Supreme Court shall happen every five years, replacing one-third of the Judges of the Supreme Court.

The term of office for a Judge shall be fifteen years, except that the terms for the initial membership shall be staggered by lot, with one-third of it, ceasing from office and being replaced every fifth year. Successive terms may not be served.

The Collegium of Judges shall elect a Presiding Council of Judges, consisting of a Chief Justice and four Associate Chief Justices. Members of the Presiding Council of Judges shall serve five-year terms on the presiding council, and may serve two successive terms, but not two successive terms as Chief Justice.

The Presiding Council of Judges shall assign all Judges, including themselves, to the several benches of the Supreme Court. Each bench shall have a minimum of three Judges, except that the number of Judges for Benches on Inter-Cantonal conflicts, and the Appellate Bench, shall be no less than five.

The member Judges of each bench shall choose annually a Presiding Judge, who may serve two successive terms.

The members of the several benches may be reconstituted from time to time as may seem desirable or necessary upon the decision of the Presiding Council of Judges. Any decision to re-constitute a bench shall be referred to a vote of the entire Collegium of Judges by request of any Judge.

Any Judge may be removed from office for cause by a two – thirds majority vote of the each house of the General Assembly

If a Justice resigns, dies or is removed for cause before his term has expired, the Consulate shall choose a replacement, to be confirmed by the General Assembly, the replacement shall only serve the remainder of the term of the Justice he shall replace.

Qualifications for Judges of the Supreme Court shall be at least ten years of Legal or juristic experience, minimum age of thirty years, and evident competence in Law and the Humanities.

The salaries, expenses, remuneration and prerogatives of the Judges shall be determined by the General Assembly, and shall be reviewed every five years, but shall not be changed to the disadvantage of any Judge during a term of office. All members of the Collegium of Judges shall receive the same salaries, except that additional compensation may be given to the Presiding Council of Judges.

Upon recommendation by the Collegium of Judges, the General Assembly shall have the authority to establish regional and district Courts below the Supreme Court, and to establish the jurisdictions thereof, and the procedures for appeal to the Supreme Court or to the several benches thereof.

The detailed rules of procedure for the functioning of the Supreme Court, the Collegium of Judges, and for each bench of the Supreme Court, shall be decided and amended by absolute majority vote of the Collegium of Judges.

SECTION VI – BINDING DECISIONS

Decisions of the Supreme Court shall be binding on all parties involved in all cases, actions and litigations brought before any bench of the Supreme Court for settlement. Each bench of the Supreme Court shall constitute a Court of highest appeal.

ARTICLE VII – THE TRIBUNES

SECTION I – FUNCTIONS AND POWERS OF THE TRIBUNE

The functions and powers of the Tribune, as public defender, shall include the following:

To protect the people against violations or neglect of universal Human and Civil Rights which are stipulated in this Constitution.

To protect the people against violations of this Constitution by any official or agency of the Government, including both elected and appointed officials or public employees regardless of organ, ministry, office, agency or rank.

To promote the welfare of the people by seeking to assure that no institution becomes too powerful and seeking remedy if they are.

To keep on the alert for perils arising from technological innovations, environmental disruptions and other diverse sources, and to launch initiatives for correction or prevention of such perils.

To ascertain that the administration of otherwise proper Laws, ordinances and procedures of the Government do not result in unforeseen injustices, or become stultified in bureaucracy or the details of administration.

To receive and hear complaints, grievances or requests for aid from any person, group, organization, association, body politic or agency concerning any matter which comes within the purview of the Tribune.

To request the office of the Attorney General or any Cantonal attorney to initiate Legal actions or Court proceedings whenever and wherever considered necessary or desirable in the view of the Tribune.

To directly initiate Legal actions and Court proceedings whenever the Tribune deems necessary.

To review the functioning of the ministries, offices, commissions, organs and agencies of the Government to ascertain whether the procedures of the Government are adequately fulfilling their purposes and serving the welfare of the people in optimum fashion, and to make recommendations for improvements.

To present an annual report to the General Assembly and to the Consulate on the activities of the Tribunes, together with any recommendations for legislative measures to improve the functioning of the Government for the purpose of better serving the welfare of the people.

SECTION II – COMPOSITION OF THE TRIBUNE

The Tribune shall be headed by a Council of Tribunes of five members, one of whom shall be designated as Principal Tribune, while the other four shall each be designated as an Associate Tribune.

Members to compose the Council of Tribunes shall be chosen by lot from all the men of the Federation. when one is selected by lottery, he shall be offered the office of Tribune, if he shall refuse, another man shall be chosen by lot until all positions are taken.

The term of office for a Tribune shall be ten years.

The position of Principal Tribune shall be rotated every two years. the order of rotation shall be determined by the Council of Tribunes.

The Council of Tribunes shall be assisted by a Commission of Advocates of twenty members. members for the Commission of Advocates shall be nominated by the Council of Tribunes and approved by the General Assembly. Advocates shall serve terms of five years, and may serve a maximum of four successive terms.

Any Tribune and any Advocate may be removed from office for cause by an absolute majority vote of the General Assembly.

Qualifications for advocate shall be at least thirty years of age, at least five years Legal experience, and education in Law and other relevant education.

ARTICLE VIII – THE CIVIL SERVICE

SECTION I – FUNCTIONS OF THE CIVIL SERVICE

The Civil Service shall be organized to carry out the detailed and continuous administration and implementation of legislation and Law.

The Civil Service shall be under the direction of the Consulate, and shall at all times be responsible to the them.

The Civil Service shall be organized so as to give professional continuity to the work of administration and implementation.

SECTION II – STRUCTURE OF THE CIVIL SERVICE

The Civil Service shall be composed of professionally organized ministries and other agencies in all areas of activity requiring continuity of administration and implementation by the Government.

Each ministry or major agency of the Civil Service shall be headed by a minister.

Each ministry or major agency of the Civil Service shall have as Chief of Staff a senior civil servant, who shall assist the minister and supervise the detailed work of the ministry or agency.

Each senior civil servant shall be nominated by the minister of the particular ministry or agency from among persons in the senior lists of the Civil Service administration, as soon as senior lists have been established by the Civil Service administration, and shall be confirmed by the Consulate. temporary qualified appointments shall be made by the ministers, with confirmation by the Consulate, pending establishment of the senior lists.

There shall be a Secretary General of the Civil Service, who shall be nominated by the Consulate and confirmed by absolute majority vote of the General Assembly.

SECTION III – PROCEDURES OF THE CIVIL SERVICE

The functions and responsibilities of the Secretary General of the Civil Service shall be to assist in coordinating the work of the senior civil servants of the several ministries and agencies of the Civil Service. The Secretary General shall at all times be subject to the direction of the Consulate, and shall be directly responsible to the Consulate.

The employment of any senior civil servant and of the Secretary General may be terminated for cause by the Consulate, but not contrary to Civil Service rules which protect tenure on grounds of competence.

Each minister of a ministry or agency of the Civil Service, shall provide continuous liaison between the particular ministry or agency and the General Assembly, he shall respond at any time to any questions or requests for information from the General Assembly, including committees of either house of the General Assembly and shall prepare an annual report for the particular ministry or agency, to be submitted both to the Consulate and to the General Assembly.

The Consulate, in cooperation with the particular ministers in each case, shall be responsible for the original organization of each of the ministries and major agencies of the Civil Service.

The assignment of legislative measures, Constitutional provisions and areas of Law to particular ministries and agencies for administration and implementation shall be done by the Consulate, unless specifically provided in legislation passed by the General Assembly.

The Consulate, may propose the creation of other ministries and agencies to have ministerial status; and may propose the alteration, combination or termination of existing ministries and agencies of ministerial status as may seem necessary or desirable. any such creation, alteration, combination or termination shall require a simple majority vote of approval of the Houses of the General Assembly.

The General Assembly by absolute majority vote of the Houses may specify the creation of new ministries or agencies of ministerial status in the Civil Service, or may direct the Consulate to alter, combine, or terminate existing ministries or agencies of ministerial status.

The Consulate may not create, establish or maintain any administrative or Executive ministry or agency for the purpose of circumventing control by the General Assembly.

ARTICLE IX – THE CANTONS

SECTION I – EACH CANTON TO HONOUR ALL OTHERS

Full faith and credit shall be given in each Canton to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other Canton and the General Assembly may by general laws prescribe the manner in which such acts, records and proceedings shall be proved, and the effect thereof.

SECTION II – SOVEREIGNTY

Each Canton is independent and sovereign. It retains all such freedoms, powers, jurisdictions, Rights and privileges not expressly Delegated to the Federation. Each Canton has the right of secession from the Federation at any time and for any reason, providing that the voters of the Canton have voted by two-thirds in favour in a referendum. Each Canton shall have power to govern itself.

SECTION III – CANTON CITIZENS, EXTRADITION

Anyone charged in any Canton with any crime, who shall flee from justice, and be found in another Canton, shall be removed to the place with jurisdiction of the crime, on the demand of the Executive authority of that place from which he fled.

SECTION IV – NEW CANTONS

New Cantons may be admitted into this Federation; but no new Cantons shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other Canton; nor any Canton be formed by the junction of two or more Cantons, or parts of Cantons, without the consent of the Cantons concerned as well as of the eligible voters concerned, by referendum. Each Canton may adopt a Constitution. This requires the approval of the people and must be capable of being revised if the majority of the people so request.

SECTION V – RIGHTS OF CANTONS AND THE FEDERATION

The Federation shall respect, and guarantee in Law, the autonomy of the Cantons.

The Federation shall assure freedom to the member Cantons of the Federation to determine their internal political systems, consistent with the guarantees and protections given under this Constitution to assure Civil Liberties and Human Rights and otherwise consistent with the provisions of this Constitution.

The principle of subsidiarity shall be observed in the allocation and performance of all tasks.

The Cantons shall have the right to restrict the right of settlement to non-Cantonal citizens. Each Canton and the people thereof, shall have the right to seek the self-preservation of their identity, their ethnicity, language and culture, and so may restrict immigration into their Canton as they see fit. No Federal Law may imperil this right.

The Federal Government may participate in such organisations or institutions within the scope of its powers, only at the request of the Cantons concerned.

Agreements between Cantons must not be contrary to the law, to the interests of the Federation or to the Rights of other Cantons. the Federation must be notified of such agreements.

Federal Law shall be implemented by the Cantons in accordance with this Constitution and Federal legislation, Federal Law shall take precedence over any conflicting provision of Cantonal law and Cantons shall comply with inter-Cantonal law.

The Cantons shall be Consulted by the Federal Government on policy decisions that affect their powers or their essential interests and they shall be informed fully and in good time.

The Federation shall allow the Cantons all possible discretion to organise their own affairs and shall take account of Cantonal particularities.

The Cantons may authorise inter-Cantonal organisations and institutions, by treaty, to issue legislative provisions implementing a treaty, provided this treaty has been approved according to the same procedure that applies to legislation and determines the fundamental substance of the subject matter.

Cantons may designate official languages. In order to preserve harmony between communities, they must respect the territorial distribution of languages, and consider the linguistic minorities.

Cantons may be known or referred to differently in other languages.

SECTION VI – MILITIAS AND DEFENCE

Each Canton shall organise a militia.

Militias, being the guarantee of a free people, shall be the primary unit of defence for the Federation, the militias shall, if necessary, execute Cantonal and Federal laws, suppress insurrections and repel invasions.

Every man must render military service as part of a militia, the Law may provide for an alternative service. Any man who renders neither military nor alternative service shall owe a tax. This tax is levied by the Federation and is assessed and collected by the Cantons.

Cantons shall provide for organizing, training, arming, governing and disciplining, the militia, when they are not in Federal service. Cantons shall also appoint the officers of the militia.

SECTION VII – POWERS PROHIBITED TO THE CANTONS

No Canton shall pass any bill of attainer, ex post facto law, or Law impairing the obligation of contracts.

No Canton shall, without Federation consent, lay any imposts or duties on imports or exports.

No Canton shall keep war vessels in time of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with a foreign power, or engage in war, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent danger as will not admit of delay.

No Cantonal government shall borrow money at any time, for any purpose.

No Canton shall lay a tax on incomes, capital gains, inheritances, property or gifts.

SECTION VIII

The Federation shall guarantee to every Canton in this Federation the protection of each of them against invasion; and on application of the assembly, or of the Executive (when the legislature cannot be convened) against domestic violence.

ARTICLE X – TERRITORIES

SECTION I – TERRITORY

Those areas which are not under the jurisdiction of existing Cantons at the time of forming the Federation, shall be designated as a territory and shall belong to the Federation;

SECTION II – DESCRIPTION

The administration of territories shall be determined by the General Assembly and implemented by the Consulate, and shall apply to the following areas:

All and any lands, islands or atolls which are unclaimed and unused.

All oceans and seas, together with the seabeds and resources thereof, beginning at a distance of twelve miles offshore, excluding inland seas.

The atmosphere, beginning at an elevation of one half of a mile above the general surface of the land.

Man-made satellites and moons.

Other settlements and areas which may choose the status of territory.

ARTICLE XI – RATIFICATION & AMENDMENT

SECTION I – RATIFICATION OF THE CONSTITUTION

The Constitution shall be transmitted to the people for final ratification by popular referendum, this shall be accomplished by a simple majority of votes cast in a popular referendum, provided that a minimum of fifty percent of eligible voters have cast ballots.

SECTION II

The General Assembly, the Cantons and the people may propose amendments to this Constitution. Whenever two-thirds of both Houses of the General Assembly, One half of Cantons, or two fifths of the people deem it necessary, a convention shall be convened for proposing amendments to this Constitution, which, when ratified by a majority of the people through a referendum and three-fourths of the Cantons shall be valid to all intents and purposes as part of this Constitution; provided that no amendment which shall in any manner affect the privileges and powers of the Cantons is passed without unanimous support of the Cantons.

SECTION III

Proposals that are submitted, are accepted if a majority of those who vote and a majority of the Cantons approve them. The result of a popular vote in a Canton shall determine the vote of the Canton.

SECTION IV

Periodically, but no later than ten years after first convening the General Assembly, and every twenty years thereafter, the members of the General Assembly, Consulate, Supreme Court and Tribune shall meet in special session comprising a Constitutional convention to conduct a review of this Constitution to consider and propose possible amendments, which shall then require action as specified in Article VIII, Section II for passage.

ARTICLE XII – SUPREMACY

SECTION I

This Constitution as well as the laws of the Federation which shall be made in accordance with it; and all treaties made under the authority of the Federation, shall be the supreme Law of the land; and everyone shall be bound thereby.

SECTION II

Except by following the amendment procedures specified herein, no part of this Constitution may be set aside, suspended or subverted, neither for emergencies nor caprice nor convenience.

ARTICLE XIII

SECTION I – INHERANT RIGHTS

The enumeration of certain Rights and Liberties, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

SECTION II – POWERS NOT DELEGATED

The powers not delegated, nor prohibited, are reserved to the Cantons or Communes respectively, or to the people.

SECTION III – DUTIES OF MEN

Everyone shall take responsibility for themselves and shall, according to their abilities, contribute to achieving the tasks of their communities, their peoples, their societies and state. Everyone shall endeavour to serve with word, deed and productive labour, the spiritual and physical advancement of the living and of those to come, realising that this is the common cause of all generations of men. Everyone is called to do unto others as they would like others to do unto them, honour God and His Word above all else and abstain from vice.

SECTION IV – LIVE IN QUIETNESS AND PEACE

Wherefore it is willed, and firmly enjoined, that all men in this Federation have and hold all the aforesaid Liberties, Rights, and concessions, well and peaceably, freely and quietly, fully and wholly, for themselves and their heirs, in all respects and in all places for ever. An oath, moreover, has been taken, that all these conditions aforesaid shall be kept in good faith.

 

                                                     

On Constitutions and Eternity

Constitutions are means to constitute what are the fundamental rules of governance for an organisation, whether it is a bridge club, the local rugby club, the Swiss Federation, Apple Inc or the even the Soviet Union. The American constitution is the most infamous codified constitution known, I would imagine and being an expression of the enlightenment, it should be something I am instinctively against, and I am, on an instinctive, idealistic plane. However, it seems that the days of kings and chivalry are long over, and to codify how much you can get screwed by the government may actually be important. The American constitution is enlightening,(not in that way!) for one reason it should not be, it proves that all constitutions can be ignored and overthrown whilst feigning loyalty to it. The American government today is obviously in breach of the spirit of the constitution as well as many of its clauses. The most infamous being Obama’s questionable place of birth and his obstruction of people trying to discover whether he is in fact a natural-born citizen. Others that I can think of off the top of my head would be the existence of a massive national security apparatus, a permanent established army of many millions of men, the CIA, FBI, NSA among others, surveillance on a massive, unholy scale that would have terrified the writers of the constitution, a presidency that seems to be powerful without any limits, whose occupants can issue decrees, some of which are only known to people in government. The Supreme Court is too high and mighty for its boots, and no one is willing to challenge it, it holds more power than any king ever did, whatever it says in inviolable, and no one seems to think, ‘hey, wait a sec’.

So constitutions, whether written and codified or not as is the case with Britain, can be and currently are being subverted by a nasty clique that seems intent on destroying us. Now, it does seem that the American constitution is faring a little bit better than the British one, which has been swept away in the last thirty years. But the American one seems to be kept in its procedures, more than in its original intent or its spirit. The American government will tie itself in knots trying to make everything ‘constitutional’ whether it is or not. The Supreme Court seems to be able to say that the constitution can mean anything, it means every woman is entitled to kill her child in utero apparently, although I’ve never seen that section or article myself. Recently the Supreme Court said that Obamacare was ‘constitutional’, whatever that means anymore. How?

The whole Constitution thing in America is actually keeping people from making the break they need to make, it is over, and it is time to begin again. The United States is finished as it was, whether you believe it was good or bad, doesn’t matter, it’s over! Now, you have to look for something else, whether it is a ‘white republic’ or a Vermont republic or an independent Texas or whatever, but you need to start again.

It is the same over here in Europe, we can’t go back, it is too late, the UK is over too, at some point Scotland and Wales will go independent, England will be in chaos due to the race problems, and the rest of Europe, well it is anyone’s guess. But the old order is coming to an end. I sometimes wonder what people though in the year 400 as they looked forward, would they have foreseen the end of Rome in 76 years, earlier if you count the second sack of Rome, or would they have thought things would continue just as they had been for four hundred years?

The transformation from hegemon to ruin took place over a fifty year period of immigration, economic crisis, wars and political crises, it dragged on for decades, until at some point people realised it was over. But even after the fall of Rome, many of the new kings and leaders considered themselves successors to Roman authority and would have protected Roman custom, even encouraged it, they would have relied on Latin or Greek speaking scribes, this was in no way a sudden collapse, it really was an evolution over time. It was only in 800 AD that a new Emperor was recognised in the West, and that was Charlemagne. So at some point between 476 and 800, it was realised that the Roman Empire in the West had collapsed. over 300 years!

Now, if you were in the future looking back on now, what do you think this period would be?

I don’t think its the German crossing of the Rhine in 406, I think that was like our Empire Windrush in 1948.

What about our sack of Rome? Could that be Detroit? London last year? Paris in 2005? Or is that still to come?

We can know we are not at the end, as that would take a formal abdication of power, but how long off is that?

Even after the fall of Rome, I imagine that there were many city dwellers and peasants and Senators and soldiers and traders who thought it would all go back to how it’s always been, perhaps with a German Emperor instead, but can anyone have realised what lay in store for them and their progeny? The division of the West into thousands of autonomous polities and semi autonomous polities, the sacking and destruction of the richest part of the world in less than 200 years time, and it’s forced conversion to Islam. The blending of the German overloads and the Gallic, Hispanic, Italic and Britannic into new races of men, the birth of dozens of new languages, the thousand-year long war with Islam with the Mediterranean as a frontline instead of the nice cosy safe bit at the centre of the known world.

Nothing would ever be the same, and we still live with the consequences, what will the world be like in 76 years? How about 200? We can’t know and the arrogance of those who think the American constitution will last forever, just because it has lasted the previous two centuries, is baffling.

A constitution should be useful, and let’s be honest, can only work when you have a virtuous people. America has neither.

 

 

 

A Constitution

I know this is not really the problem in the world today, it is the spirit of the people, the faith of nations or lack thereof that is degrading us more and more, but it was something I decided to have a go at anyway, to try to create a method, whereby no one could be all that powerful, and no one man could be seen as a leader, they way Cameron or Obama are seen, or given the amount of power they have.

This is my hypothetical constitution for a federation of our peoples, does not need to be giant or tiny, but here it is!

                                             

                              Constitution of the Federation

KNOW THAT BEFORE GOD, for the health of our souls and those of our ancestors and heirs, to the honour of God and the exaltation of His Holy Church, we set out the following Constitution.

ARTICLE I – RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

SECTION I

That it is granted, in perpetuity, that all Men shall be free, and shall have their rights undiminished, and their Liberties unimpaired. That all Men are born equal in Dignity and Honour. That they are endowed, by God, with Reason and Conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of Brotherhood.

SECTION II

Everyone’s Right to Life shall be protected by Law, whether born or unborn. No one shall be deprived of his Life intentionally save in the execution of a sentence of a Court following his conviction of a crime for which this penalty is provided by Law.

SECTION III

No one shall be subjected to torture or cruel and unusual punishments.

SECTION IV

No one shall be held in slavery; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms, including usury. No one shall be required to perform forced or compulsory labour, save in the execution of a sentence of a Court, following his conviction of a crime for which this penalty is provided by Law.

SECTION V

Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property. The Right to own, maintain, use, protect, and dispose of private property will not be infringed, nor shall private property be taken for Public use.

SECTION VI

No Law abridging the freedom of speech; or the Right of the people peaceably to assemble, or to petition government for a redress of grievances, shall be made.

SECTION VII

The right of the People to be secure in their Persons, Houses, Homes, Papers, Communications, Stored Information and Effects, against unreasonable searches, monitoring, interception and seizures, shall not be violated, whether by Government or private parties, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or Affirmation, and particularly describing the Person, Place or Thing to be monitored, intercepted, searched or seized.

SECTION VIII

The Right of the People to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.

SECTION VIX

No one shall be held to answer for a crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or Public Danger; nor shall any Person be tried for the same offence twice and be put in jeopardy of life or limb again; nor shall he be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law.

SECTION X

In all criminal prosecutions, the Accused shall enjoy the Right to a speedy and Public trial, by an impartial Jury within the Community the crime has been committed, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the Witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining Witnesses in his favour, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.

SECTION XI

No Man shall be seized or imprisoned, or stripped of his Rights or Possessions, or outlawed or exiled, or deprived of his standing in any other way, nor will anyone proceed with force against him, or send others to do so, except by the Lawful Judgement of his equals or by the Law of the land. The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended.

SECTION XII

For a trivial offence, a Man shall be fined only in proportion to the degree of his offence, and for a serious offence correspondingly, but not so heavily as to deprive him of his livelihood. In the same way, a merchant shall be spared his merchandise, and a husbandman the implements of his husbandry. No fines shall be imposed except by the assessment on oath of reputable men of the neighbourhood.

SECTION XIII

Senators shall be fined only by their equals, and only in proportion to the gravity of their offence.

SECTION XIV

Excessive bail shall not be required.

SECTION XV

In suits at Common Law, the Right of trial by Jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a Jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court, than according to the rules of the Common Law.

SECTION XVI

All Men may enter or leave this Federation unharmed and without fear, and may stay or travel within it, for purposes of trade, in accordance with Ancient and Lawful customs. It shall be Lawful for any Man to leave and return to this Federation unharmed and without fear, preserving his allegiance, except in time of War, for some short period, for the common benefit of all Men. People that have been imprisoned or outlawed in accordance with Federal Law, or people from a country that is at War with us – are excepted from this provision.

SECTION XVII

The People shall always have the right to Review, Reform, Change or Abolish this Constitution.

ARTICLE II – GENERAL ASSEMBLY

SECTION I

To obtain the General Consent of the People, Senators and Delegates shall be summoned to a General Assembly individually by letter, to come together on a fixed day and at a fixed place. All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a General Assembly, which shall consist of a Senate and a Chamber of Delegates.

SECTION II – THE CHAMBER OF DELEGATES

The Chamber of Delegates shall be composed of Members chosen every third Year by the several Cantons, the manner of the elections shall be decided by each Canton.

No Man shall be a Delegate who shall not have attained to the Age of twenty-five Years, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that Canton in which he shall be chosen.

Each Canton shall be entitled to one vote in the Chamber of Delegates

When vacancies happen in the Delegation from any Canton, the Intendant thereof shall issue Writs of Election to fill such Vacancies.

The Chamber of Delegates shall choose their Speaker and other Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment

SECTION III – THE SENATE

The Senate shall be composed of appointed Senators. Each Senator shall have one Vote.

The Senate shall chose their Speaker and other Officers.

The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. When sitting for that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. When one of the Consuls is tried, the Lord Chief Justice shall preside: And no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two-thirds of the Members present.

Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of Honour, Trust or Profit within the Federation: but the Party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment and Punishment, according to Law.

SECTION IV – ELECTIONS, MEETINGS, MEMBERSHIP

The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Delegates, shall be prescribed in each Canton by the Assembly thereof.

Each Canton may choose however many Delegates they wish, the Delegation shall attend the General Assembly and each Delegate may speak in the Chamber of Delegates, however, each Delegation shall be entitled to only one vote, no matter how populous or large that Canton may be. The Chamber of Delegates may, if it agrees in unanimity allow Delegations from non-Cantonal organisations, they shall have all the rights and privileges as all other Delegations.

Senators shall be appointed to an open-ended term, they may serve as long as they feel able. When they do retire or die, they may choose as their successor any other man and the Senate need only confirm this choice by simple majority. If the Senate does not approve, his second choice shall be considered and so on, until the Senate agrees to a successor. When a Senator dies and has no Will or Testament, the Senate shall offer the position to a close family member or friend who shall be suitably virtuous and God-fearing. If a Senator is impeached and convicted, he shall be removed from office and the position shall be offered to whomever the Senate feel is appropriate for the position. The numbers of Senators may be increased from the present level, however, the Senate must agree unanimously to each new position, and once created, those positions shall be like the original number of Senators and shall have all the same rights and privileges.

SECTION VI

The General Assembly shall meet at least once in every Year, on a day that they shall appoint by Law.

SECTION VII – MEMBERSHIP, RULES, JOURNALS, ADJOURNMENTS

Each Chamber shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returns and Qualifications of its own Members, and a Majority of each shall constitute a Quorum to do Business; but a smaller number may adjourn from day-to-day, and may be authorized to compel the Attendance of absent Members, in such Manner, and under such Penalties as each Chamber may provide.

Each Chamber may determine the Rules of its Proceedings, punish its Members for disorderly Behaviour, and, with the Concurrence of two-thirds, expel a Member.

Each Chamber shall keep a Journal of its Proceedings, and from time to time publish the same, excepting such Parts as may in their Judgment require Secrecy; and the Yeas and Nays of the Members of either Chamber on any question shall, at the Desire of one fifth of those Present, be entered on the Journal.

Neither Chamber, during the Session of the General Assembly, shall, without the Consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other Place than that in which the two Chambers shall be sitting.

SECTION VIII – PRIVILEGE

They shall in all Cases, except Treason, Felony and Breach of the Peace, be privileged from Arrest during their Attendance at the Session of their respective Chamber, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any Speech or Debate in either Chamber, they shall not be questioned in any other Place.

No Delegate, Senator or Consul shall, during the Time for which he was elected, be appointed to any Civil Office under the Authority of the Federal Government, or the Emoluments whereof shall have been increased during such time; and no Person holding any Federal Office, shall be a Member of the General Assembly or Consulate during his Continuance in Office.

SECTION VX – LEGISLATIVE PROCESS, VETO

Every Bill which shall have passed the General Assembly, shall, before it become a Law, be presented to the Consulate; If they approve, they shall sign it, but if not they shall return it, with their Objections to that Chamber in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the Objections at large on their Journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If after such Reconsideration two-thirds of that Chamber shall agree to pass the Bill, it shall be sent, together with the Objections, to the other Chamber, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two-thirds of that Chamber, it shall become a Law. But in all such Cases the Votes of both Chambers shall be determined by Yeas and Nays, and the Names of the Persons voting for and against the Bill shall be entered on the Journal of each Chamber respectively. If any Bill shall not be returned by the Consulate within ten Days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to them, the Same shall be a Law, in like Manner as if they had signed it, unless the General Assembly by their Adjournment prevent its Return, in which Case it shall not be a Law.

All Acts of the General Assembly, once approved by the Consulate, excepting adjournments and other procedural acts, may be put to a plebiscite of all people entitled to vote. If within one hundred days of the passing of an Act, one fifth of the eligible voters of the Federation, or one-third of the Cantons, request a plebiscite, one shall take place in as speedy a manner as is allowed. If a majority of the voters and Cantons approve, it shall pass, if not, that Act shall not pass.

Every Order, Resolution, or Vote to which the Concurrence of the General Assembly may be necessary (except on a question of Adjournment) shall be presented to the Consulate; and before the Same shall take Effect, shall be approved by them, or being disapproved by them, shall be re-passed by two-thirds of the Senate and Chamber of Delegates, according to the Rules and Limitations prescribed in the Case of a Bill.

SECTION X – POWERS

The General Assembly shall have Power;

To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay, and provide for the common Defence and general Welfareof the Federation; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the Federation;

Make Treaties;

Coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, and of foreign Coin, and fix the Standard of Weights and Measures;

Regulate Commerce with foreign States, and within the Federation;

Establish a uniform Rule of Naturalisation, and uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies throughout the Federation;

To provide for the Punishment of counterfeiting the Securities and current Coin of the Federation;

Promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts;

Define and punish Piracies and Felonies committed, and Offences against the Laws of Nations;

Declare War, grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal, and make Rules concerning Captures;

Provide and maintain a Navy, and make Rules and Regulations for its Governance:

Provide for calling forth the Militia to execute Federal Laws, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions;

Provide for organizing, training, arming, governing and disciplining the Militia when employed in Federal service, reserving to the Cantons respectively, the Appointment of the Officers;

To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over all Places purchased by the Consent of the Canton in which the Same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards, and other needful Buildings; And

To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the Federation, or in any Ministry or Officer thereof.

SECTION XI – WAR

All acts of war by the Federation, except in the repelling of an immediate invasion or attack, must be established through a Declaration of War issued by the General Assembly, as well as a plebiscite of all eligible voters. All able-bodied citizens who vote for war must enlist in the military.

At times of official peace, the decision to aid, assist, or oppose any foreign government or revolutionary movement will be reserved to the People, as individuals.

Section XII – POWERS PROHIBED TO THE FEDERATION

No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in Consequence of Appropriations made by Law; and a regular Statement and Account of the Receipts and Expenditures of all public Money shall be published from time to time.

No tax shall be laid on incomes, capital gains, inheritances, property or gifts.

No tax can be laid if not for the general common good. All Men shall have the right to participate personally, through their representatives and through their vote in a plebiscite to voice their wishes and opinions on any tax laid.

No borrowing of any money shall be done at any time, or for any purpose.

No bill of attainer or ex post facto law shall be passed.

Nor shall any law grant copyrights or patents, or recognize their legitimacy.

ARTICLE III – EXECUTIVE

SECTION I – THE CONSULATE

Executive Power is vested in the Consulate, which shall consist of nine Consuls. They shall hold their Office during good behaviour and be elected, as follows:

In consequence of the resignation, retirement, death or impeachment and conviction of a sitting Consul, each Chamber of the General Assembly shall appoint, in such Manner as they may direct, a Number of Electors, not exceeding twelve each;

The Electors shall meet in conclave and by unanimity, select a Man of good repute to serve as Consul.

The chosen Consul may be any Man of good repute, and he may sit as Consul until he may resign, retire, die or be impeached and convicted by the General Assembly.

SECTION II – CIVILIAN POWER OVER MILITARY, CABINET, PARDON POWER, APPOINTMENTS

The Consulate shall appoint a Commander-in-Chief of the Navy and the Militia of the several Cantons, when called into the actual Service of the Federation; they may require the Opinion, in writing, or otherwise of the Ministers, upon any subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices, and each Consul shall have Power to Grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against the Federation, except in Cases of Impeachment.

They shall together, have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the General Assembly, to make Treaties, provided two-thirds of the General Assembly concur; and they shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the General Assembly, shall appoint Ambassadors, Ministers, Judges, and all other Officers of the Federation, whose Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by Law: but the General Assembly may by Law vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers, as they think proper, in the Consulate alone, in the Courts of Law, or in the Ministers.

The Consulate shall have Power to fill up all Vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the General Assembly, by granting Commissions which shall expire at the End of their next Session.

Each Consul shall have the power to Knight other men for Acts of Greatness, Courage, Valour, Piety or Daring. Other titles and awards as may be established, shall likewise, be the gift of each individual Consul.

SECTION III – CONVENING THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

The Consulate shall from time to time recommend to the Consideration of the General Assembly such Measures as they shall judge necessary and expedient. They may, on extraordinary Occasions, convene both Chambers, or either of them, or in Case of Disagreement between the Chambers. With Respect to the Time of Adjournment, they may adjourn them to such Time as they shall think proper; they shall receive Ambassadors and other public Ministers; they shall take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed, and shall Commission all the Officers of the Federation.

SECTION IV – DISQUALIFICATION

A Consul and all civil Officers of the Federation, shall be removed from Office on Impeachmentfor, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanour’s.

ARTICLE IV – THE JUDICIARY

SECTION I – SUPREME COURT

The judicial Power of the Federation, shall be vested in one Supreme Court and in such inferior Courts as the General Assembly may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour. Judges of the Supreme Court shall be chosen by the Consulate and approved by the General Assembly. There shall be only nine Justices of the Supreme Court, and one judge shall be appointed each year and one shall retire. Supreme Court Justices may only serve one nine-year term. If a Justice resigns, dies or is impeached and convicted before his term has expired, the Consulate shall choose a replacement, to be confirmed by the General Assembly, the replacement shall only serve the remainder of the term of the Justice he shall replace.

SECTION II – TRIAL BY JURY, ORIGINAL JURISDICTION, JURY TRIALS

Judicial Power shall extend to all Cases, in Law and Equity, arising under this Constitution, the Laws of the Federation, and Treaties made, or which shall be made, under this Authority; to all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls; to all Cases of admiralty; to Controversies to which the Federation shall be a Party. In addition, disputes among members of the same Canton may be adjudicated by the Supreme Court if the laws of that Canton grant such jurisdiction to the Supreme Court.

SECTION III

In all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, and those in which a Canton shall be Party, the Supreme Court shall have original Jurisdiction. In all the other Cases before mentioned, they shall have appellate Jurisdiction, both as to Law and Fact, with such Exceptions, and under such Regulations as the General Assembly shall make.

SECTION IV

The Trial of all Crimes, except in Cases of Impeachment, shall be by Jury; and such Trial shall be held in the Canton where the said Crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any Canton, the Trial shall be at such Place or Places as the General Assembly may by Law have directed.

ARTICLE IV – The Cantons

SECTION I – EACH CANTON TO HONOUR ALL OTHERS

Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each Canton to the public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of every other Canton. And the General Assembly may by general Laws prescribe the Manner in which such Acts, Records and Proceedings shall be proved, and the Effect thereof.

SECTION II – SOVEREIGNTY

Each Canton is independent and sovereign. It retains all such freedoms, powers, jurisdictions, rights and privileges not expressly delegated to the Federation. Each Canton has the right of secession from the Federation at any time and for any reason, providing that the electors of the Canton have voted by two-thirds in favour in a plebiscite. Each Canton shall have power to govern itself.

SECTION III – CANTON CITIZENS, EXTRADITION

The Citizens of each Canton shall be entitled to all Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the several Cantons. A Person charged in any Canton with Treason, Felony, or other Crime, who shall flee from Justice, and be found in another Canton, shall on demand of the executive Authority of that place from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the place having Jurisdiction of the Crime.

SECTION IV – NEW CANTONS

New Cantons may be admitted into this Federation; but no new Cantons shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other Canton; nor any Canton be formed by the Junction of two or more Cantons, or parts of Cantons, without the Consent of the Cantons concerned as well as of the electors concerned, by plebiscite.

New Cantons may be created by an act of the General Assembly. Once a community has a certain population, of which a certain number shall be electors, have assembled in a territory, they may request the Federation to recognise the said territory as a new Canton. That Canton may choose, or not, to establish a constitution and establish its own rules and institutions as it sees fit.

The General Assembly shall have Power to dispose of and make all needful Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory or other Property belonging to the Federation.

SECTION V – RIGHTS OF CANTONS AND THE FEDERATION

The Federation shall respect, and guarantee in law, the autonomy of the Cantons.

The principle of subsidiarity shall be observed in the allocation and performance of all tasks.

All Cantons, Cities, Towns, Communes and Ports shall enjoy all their Liberties and Free Customs.

The Cantons may enter into agreements with each other and establish common organisations and institutions. In particular, they may jointly undertake tasks of regional importance together. They may also jointly undertake tasks of cultural importance together.

The Federal Government may participate in such organisations or institutions within the scope of its powers, only at the request of the Cantons concerned.

Agreements between Cantons must not be contrary to the law, to the interests of the Federation or to the rights of other Cantons. The Federation must be notified of such agreements.

The Cantons shall comply with inter-Cantonal Law.

Federal law shall take precedence over any conflicting provision of Cantonal Law.

The Federation shall take into account any possible consequences for the Cantons in its activities.

Each Canton may adopt a constitution. This requires the approval of the Electors and must be capable of being revised if the majority of the Electors so request.

The Cantons shall be consulted by the Federal government on policy decisions that affect their powers or their essential interests and they shall be informed fully and in good time.

The Cantons shall implement Federal law in accordance with this Constitution and Federal legislation.

The Federation shall allow the Cantons all possible discretion to organise their own affairs and shall take account of cantonal particularities.

The Cantons may authorise inter-cantonal bodies, by treaty, to issue legislative provisions implementing a treaty, provided this treaty has been approved according to the same procedure that applies to legislation and determines the fundamental substance of the subject matter.

Disputes between Cantons or between Cantons and the Federation shall wherever possible be resolved by negotiation or mediation.

Cantons may designate official languages. In order to preserve harmony between communities, they must respect the territorial distribution of languages, and consider the linguistic minorities.

Cantons may be known or referred to differently in other languages.

SECTION VI – MILITIAS AND DEFENCE

Militias shall be organised by each Canton.

The Militias shall, if necessary, execute Cantonal and Federal Laws, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions.

Every man must render military service as part of a Militia, the law may provide for an alternative service. Any man who renders neither military nor alternative service shall owe a tax. This tax is levied by the Federation and is assessed and collected by the Cantons.

Cantons shall provide for organizing, training, arming, governing and disciplining, the Militia, when they are not in Federal service. Cantons shall also Appoint the Officers of the Militia.

SECTION VII – COMMUNES

Cantons shall be composed of Communes. Each Commune shall be represented at the Cantonal level.

The autonomy of Communes is guaranteed according to Cantonal law. In its activity, the Federation takes into account possible consequences for Communes.

At Communal level, every man eligible to vote shall have the right to sit on the Communal Council, the Council shall select their officers and executive, if they shall have any.

Communes may lay taxes to raise any necessary funding.

Communes may secede from the Canton of which they are part, however two-thirds of the electors of the Commune must support the bid for secession in an open vote. The Canton must then join another Canton or other Communes to create a new Canton.

If a Commune petitions to join a Canton, a majority of the Communes and a majority of the electors within the said Canton must agree to it in a plebiscite.

SECTION VIII – POWERS PROHIBITED TO THE CANTONS

No Canton shall pass any Bill of Attainer, ex post facto Law, or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts.

No Canton shall, without Federation consent, lay any Imposts or Duties on Imports or Exports.

No Canton shall, without Federation consent, lay any import or export duty, enter into any Agreement or Compact with a foreign Power, or engage in War, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent Danger as will not admit of delay.

No Cantonal government shall borrow money at any time, for any purpose.

No canton shall lay a tax on incomes, capital gains, inheritances, property or gifts.

No tax can be laid if not for the general common good. All Men shall have the right to participate personally, through their representatives and through their vote in a plebiscite to voice their wishes and opinions on any tax laid.

No Canton shall abolish, undermine or subsume any Commune without the support of a majority of the electors of that Commune.

SECTION V

The Federation shall guarantee to every Canton in this Federation a free Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion; and on Application of the Assembly, or of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened) against domestic Violence.

ARTICLE V – AMENDMENT

The General Assembly, whenever two-thirds of both Chambers shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the Legislatures of one half of the several Cantons, or, on the application of a petition by two fifth of the people, shall call a Convention for proposing Amendments, which, in either Case, shall be valid to all Intents and Purposes, as part of this Constitution, when ratified by a majority of the people via plebiscite, the Legislatures of three-fourths of the several Cantons, or by Conventions in three-fourths thereof, as the one or the other Mode of Ratification may be proposed by the General Assembly; Provided that no Amendment which shall in any Manner affect the privileges and powers of the Cantons is passed without unanimous support of the Cantons.

Proposals that are submitted, are accepted if a majority of those who vote and a majority of the Cantons approve them. The result of a popular vote in a Canton shall determine the vote of the Canton.

ARTICLE VI – SUPREMACY

This Constitution as well as the Laws of the Federation which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the Federation Government, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges in every Canton shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any Canton to the Contrary notwithstanding.

ARTICLE VII

SECTION I

The enumeration of certain Rights and Liberties, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the People.

SECTION II

The powers not delegated, nor prohibited, are reserved to the Cantons or Communes respectively, or to the people.

SECTION III

All individuals shall take responsibility for themselves and shall, according to their abilities, contribute to achieving the tasks of their communities, the state and society.

SECTION IV

THERFORE, we firmly enjoin, that all men within this Federation have and hold all the aforesaid liberties, rights, and concessions, well and peaceably, freely and quietly, fully and wholly, for themselves and their heirs, in all respects and in all places for ever. An oath, moreover, has been taken, that all these conditions aforesaid shall be kept in good faith.

Smallness Works

Well, it seems to help.

I believe that a part of our problems, whether they be economic, social or cultural stem from the prison that is the modern-day nation-state, where once we had a small and distant government rule over a small and lightly populated(by todays standards) polity, we now have a large and increasingly belligerent state, attempting to rule over millions, tens of millions and sometimes hundreds of millions of people, resulting in misrule, tyranny and increasing impoverishment.

It is a simplistic argument, I know, but hear me out. Is it at all possible that a ‘democracy’ like the United States can actually represent the will of 310 million people, in an area the size of Europe? Each representative in the Congress represents on average about half a million people, I’m not sure about you, but I don’t think it is even possible to meet half a million people in one lifetime, and even if it were, could anyone remember very many of them? Can an elected representative in the American Congress actually represent 500,000, as they would wish to be represented?

The senators, represent the states, so, the Alaskan senators, will represent about 600,000, a large number, the Californian senators will represent 35 million people. Now even if you think that there may be a possibility, however unlikely, that a representative can actually represent half a million people, can anyone, in their right mind say that someone can accurately represent 35 millions?

What about a world government? Some people seem keen on that, how many representatives would we have to a world Congress or Parliament or Assembly or whatever it might be called? One thousand? That would mean each representative would represent about seven million people, so we could increase the representatives to ten thousand, then what? Well we could all be represented, but how efficient would such an assembly be? Could there be a possibility of companies, pressure groups and others buying votes? Could it mean an ineffectual, pointless debating chamber that would quickly be overtaken in importance by the bureaucracy?

The European Union is an attempt to make things big, about 400 million people jammed together to form one state, well they are trying. The European Parliament is famous for its irrelevance, there are 736 MEPs(Members of the European Parliament) and there will be 750 MEPs at the next European elections, due to the expanding EU. Britain has 73 MEPs, Germany 99, Malta 5, France 74, Ireland 13.

Now, if for some reason, every MEP from Ireland, Malta and Britain voted against something which they believed would be harmful to them, say, banning English, they would be outvoted and their votes would mean nothing. In a world parliament, if every white nation joined together to prevent, lets say, compulsory compensation to third world states for colonialism, imperialism, apartheid, slavery and racism, what do you think the result would be?

Even democrats should be able to see this, democracy can’t, and won’t work as the state or nation becomes too large, the only form of government which works in a large nation or state is dictatorship, or at least authoritarian government. China is run by one party, Russia is a managed democracy, India is a corrupt democracy, Brazil is another corrupt democracy.

These places work, after a fashion, but they are not in any sense ‘democratic’ and nor should they be, democracy would cause chaos and lead to wholesale looting of one group or region, to placate the violent anger of another.

America is the odd one out, it resembles a managed democracy at the federal level, but at the local level can actually be very free, towns, townships and counties which are rural and white tend to be ably governed, even small states like Vermont, New Hampshire, North Dakota and other mid western and Rocky Mountain states seem to get along fine. It is when we look at the large states where problems arise, California, New York, Florida and Texas. Texas seems well run(I’m an outsider) but the diversity being allowed will kill that place too.

Small polities on the other hand seem more likely to be wealthier, healthier, happier and freer than the teeming empires of diversity and crime.

The first examples are the ones above, the small American states, they are reputedly some of the best places to live in the world. And then we have some small places in Europe;

The bailiwick of Sark, is about two square miles, it has its own government, and is very lightly taxed, no diversity(I’m sure someone will try to cure that soon), a pleasant landscape, and plenty of sea views. No poverty, no crime and no cars! only 600 people live here and their parliament, the Chief Pleas, has thirty members, meaning each person, not voter, each man woman and child has one member for every twenty of them. Now, is it possible to get to know your twenty electors? I think there is, and if three or four tell you how strongly they feel about something, do you think the representative will take notice?

Sark

The other Channel Islands are also small, rich, happy and free, Jersey, Guernsey and Alderney all have their own assemblies, elected by a few thousand people, who know each other and so can actually have an effect on their votes, and who can call them afterwards to have a cross word if necessary. None of them are in the EU, all have low taxes and good public services.

The Isle of Man is another good example of a successful small country, although it has a somewhat larger population then Sark, at 85,000 and is about 500 square miles. But it is small enough to be run well, for its own people. It has, the Manx say, the oldest parliament in the world, the Tynwald, which has 24 members, meaning that they represent about 3,500 people apiece. A massive electorate when compared to their Sark counterparts, but still a wee bit less than the half million that each American representative has. It still seems likely that each member of the House of Keys(the lower house in the Tynwald) will know a good part of his electorate, or at least be available to all of them, if they so wish. Man is rich, lightly taxed and again not in the EU. They also have a wonderful custom, where each year on Tynwald Day, they read aloud all the laws passed by their assembly over the last twelve months, in English and Manx. I imagine this may give the members pause for thought when a long and boring piece of legislation is passed, knowing they will have to stand at Tynwald hill and listen to it being read out out twice!

A Part of Man

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Another interesting place is the Principality of Liechtenstein, it is a small place, that makes Switzerland look big. It is about 60 square miles and has 35,000 people. It is ruled by a prince whose family have held this fief for over 400 years, the people are rich and lightly taxed, the public services work, the streets are clean and it is not in the EU! Surprise surprise! This little place has had no experience of war since Napoleon and was the only place in Europe to give asylum to 500 Russian nationalists who fought against the Soviet Union in the Second World War, whilst larger more powerful states like the US and Britain happily handed over hundreds of thousands of poor souls who disappeared in Siberia.

Liechtenstein

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

San Marino, the worlds oldest republic, is a tiny little place in Italy with only 24,000 people, it is independent, and has been since St Marius established his monastery on Mont Titano in 301AD, it is not part of the EU, is rich, happy and free. It has no national debt, unlike neighbouring Italy, and has no ‘diversity’ to talk of. It is lightly taxed and has a constitution that can be traced back over 400 years.

San Marino

We have all heard of Monaco, another rich, free place ruled by a prince, and Andorra? A Co-Principality between Spain and France, which is also rich and free.

Gibraltar, a British colony on the south Spanish coast. Iceland a large country, but with a small population, only about 300,000. Luxembourg, the Faeroes and the Swiss Cantons, some of which are not much bigger than Liechtenstein.

Gibraltar

All of these places have something in common, they are all small, all have small homogenous populations, all are wealthy, all have contented populations, all of them are well-governed and lightly taxed, all of them are free. Even the principalities, even here the people are freer then many of us who live in big ‘democratic’ states, which exposes the lie about monarchies being old-fashioned totalitarian states. Iceland was able to reject enslavement to the IMF due to its small size. A few thousand people converged on their parliament, which is about as big as a normal house, and threatened to burn it down if the parliament passed the act which would have enslaved them. This forced the government to put the issue to referendum which resulted in its rejection. Man, Sark, Alderney, Jersey and Guernsey are not completely independent, but this means very little in any real sense, they rule themselves for the most part, foreign policy and coinage being the only things they don’t have, and for small places like this, foreign policy doesn’t really mean all that much anyway. Politics in these places is extremely local, people don’t go into politics to make their fortune, or to lord it over anyone else, as who would be impressed that you are a member of the Chief Pleas or Colonial Assembly of Gibraltar?(Well I would, I would be fascinated) People don’t go into these assemblies to conquer the world, or change the world, only to have a say in how the local school is run, or to oppose licence changes for pubs, or to campaign for a road to be repaved. these are boring, irrelevant things to the entire world, except for the tiny corner where it does matter. In short, those who lust after power, leave these places for pastures new, leaving these little pieces of well-governed earth, to remain the same. Perhaps the most tory of places?

So what am I saying? Well, small government is good government. And perhaps if we are to focus on politics, we should focus on the small? Although I despise ‘democracy’ as a sham, as it is in large states like Britain and America, on a small, local scale, representative government, as opposed to democracy is a good thing. If you could go and get yourself elected to a parish council, or a town council, you could have an effect. You could oppose foolish spending, you could oppose some silly declaration or propose a good and worthwhile thing. Immigration can’t be stopped at the national level yet, perhaps we could make illegal immigrants uncomfortable at the local level by denying a business licence, you don’t have to say why, or you could oppose it on environmental grounds!

I have read that the future will be one of small states, city states and the like, I don’t know if it is true, but I do think it would be a good thing. The large, centralised, bureaucratic states of the last century are failing. They have lost their legitimacy and are about to go bust, they no longer look out for their people, they only look out for their own financial futures. Too many in government, such as that worm Tony Blair and Nickolas Sarkozy, used the power of their states to wage cowardly wars against third world nations, partly, I’m sure because it massaged their egos. A Tony Blair as a member of the Chief Pleas or House of Keys would be of no danger to the world, or even to a country, even if he managed to convince the assembly to import millions of immigrants, the other parts of the country would be ok.

So let us get elected to our small local councils, lets start positioning ourselves to be the leaders of  the remnants of these failed nation-states, I predict that this is where and how we begin to take back what has been so unjustly taken from us and ours.