On Constitutions and Eternity

Constitutions are means to constitute what are the fundamental rules of governance for an organisation, whether it is a bridge club, the local rugby club, the Swiss Federation, Apple Inc or the even the Soviet Union. The American constitution is the most infamous codified constitution known, I would imagine and being an expression of the enlightenment, it should be something I am instinctively against, and I am, on an instinctive, idealistic plane. However, it seems that the days of kings and chivalry are long over, and to codify how much you can get screwed by the government may actually be important. The American constitution is enlightening,(not in that way!) for one reason it should not be, it proves that all constitutions can be ignored and overthrown whilst feigning loyalty to it. The American government today is obviously in breach of the spirit of the constitution as well as many of its clauses. The most infamous being Obama’s questionable place of birth and his obstruction of people trying to discover whether he is in fact a natural-born citizen. Others that I can think of off the top of my head would be the existence of a massive national security apparatus, a permanent established army of many millions of men, the CIA, FBI, NSA among others, surveillance on a massive, unholy scale that would have terrified the writers of the constitution, a presidency that seems to be powerful without any limits, whose occupants can issue decrees, some of which are only known to people in government. The Supreme Court is too high and mighty for its boots, and no one is willing to challenge it, it holds more power than any king ever did, whatever it says in inviolable, and no one seems to think, ‘hey, wait a sec’.

So constitutions, whether written and codified or not as is the case with Britain, can be and currently are being subverted by a nasty clique that seems intent on destroying us. Now, it does seem that the American constitution is faring a little bit better than the British one, which has been swept away in the last thirty years. But the American one seems to be kept in its procedures, more than in its original intent or its spirit. The American government will tie itself in knots trying to make everything ‘constitutional’ whether it is or not. The Supreme Court seems to be able to say that the constitution can mean anything, it means every woman is entitled to kill her child in utero apparently, although I’ve never seen that section or article myself. Recently the Supreme Court said that Obamacare was ‘constitutional’, whatever that means anymore. How?

The whole Constitution thing in America is actually keeping people from making the break they need to make, it is over, and it is time to begin again. The United States is finished as it was, whether you believe it was good or bad, doesn’t matter, it’s over! Now, you have to look for something else, whether it is a ‘white republic’ or a Vermont republic or an independent Texas or whatever, but you need to start again.

It is the same over here in Europe, we can’t go back, it is too late, the UK is over too, at some point Scotland and Wales will go independent, England will be in chaos due to the race problems, and the rest of Europe, well it is anyone’s guess. But the old order is coming to an end. I sometimes wonder what people though in the year 400 as they looked forward, would they have foreseen the end of Rome in 76 years, earlier if you count the second sack of Rome, or would they have thought things would continue just as they had been for four hundred years?

The transformation from hegemon to ruin took place over a fifty year period of immigration, economic crisis, wars and political crises, it dragged on for decades, until at some point people realised it was over. But even after the fall of Rome, many of the new kings and leaders considered themselves successors to Roman authority and would have protected Roman custom, even encouraged it, they would have relied on Latin or Greek speaking scribes, this was in no way a sudden collapse, it really was an evolution over time. It was only in 800 AD that a new Emperor was recognised in the West, and that was Charlemagne. So at some point between 476 and 800, it was realised that the Roman Empire in the West had collapsed. over 300 years!

Now, if you were in the future looking back on now, what do you think this period would be?

I don’t think its the German crossing of the Rhine in 406, I think that was like our Empire Windrush in 1948.

What about our sack of Rome? Could that be Detroit? London last year? Paris in 2005? Or is that still to come?

We can know we are not at the end, as that would take a formal abdication of power, but how long off is that?

Even after the fall of Rome, I imagine that there were many city dwellers and peasants and Senators and soldiers and traders who thought it would all go back to how it’s always been, perhaps with a German Emperor instead, but can anyone have realised what lay in store for them and their progeny? The division of the West into thousands of autonomous polities and semi autonomous polities, the sacking and destruction of the richest part of the world in less than 200 years time, and it’s forced conversion to Islam. The blending of the German overloads and the Gallic, Hispanic, Italic and Britannic into new races of men, the birth of dozens of new languages, the thousand-year long war with Islam with the Mediterranean as a frontline instead of the nice cosy safe bit at the centre of the known world.

Nothing would ever be the same, and we still live with the consequences, what will the world be like in 76 years? How about 200? We can’t know and the arrogance of those who think the American constitution will last forever, just because it has lasted the previous two centuries, is baffling.

A constitution should be useful, and let’s be honest, can only work when you have a virtuous people. America has neither.

 

 

 

A Constitution

I know this is not really the problem in the world today, it is the spirit of the people, the faith of nations or lack thereof that is degrading us more and more, but it was something I decided to have a go at anyway, to try to create a method, whereby no one could be all that powerful, and no one man could be seen as a leader, they way Cameron or Obama are seen, or given the amount of power they have.

This is my hypothetical constitution for a federation of our peoples, does not need to be giant or tiny, but here it is!

                                             

                              Constitution of the Federation

KNOW THAT BEFORE GOD, for the health of our souls and those of our ancestors and heirs, to the honour of God and the exaltation of His Holy Church, we set out the following Constitution.

ARTICLE I – RIGHTS & LIBERTIES

SECTION I

That it is granted, in perpetuity, that all Men shall be free, and shall have their rights undiminished, and their Liberties unimpaired. That all Men are born equal in Dignity and Honour. That they are endowed, by God, with Reason and Conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of Brotherhood.

SECTION II

Everyone’s Right to Life shall be protected by Law, whether born or unborn. No one shall be deprived of his Life intentionally save in the execution of a sentence of a Court following his conviction of a crime for which this penalty is provided by Law.

SECTION III

No one shall be subjected to torture or cruel and unusual punishments.

SECTION IV

No one shall be held in slavery; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms, including usury. No one shall be required to perform forced or compulsory labour, save in the execution of a sentence of a Court, following his conviction of a crime for which this penalty is provided by Law.

SECTION V

Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property. The Right to own, maintain, use, protect, and dispose of private property will not be infringed, nor shall private property be taken for Public use.

SECTION VI

No Law abridging the freedom of speech; or the Right of the people peaceably to assemble, or to petition government for a redress of grievances, shall be made.

SECTION VII

The right of the People to be secure in their Persons, Houses, Homes, Papers, Communications, Stored Information and Effects, against unreasonable searches, monitoring, interception and seizures, shall not be violated, whether by Government or private parties, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or Affirmation, and particularly describing the Person, Place or Thing to be monitored, intercepted, searched or seized.

SECTION VIII

The Right of the People to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.

SECTION VIX

No one shall be held to answer for a crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or Public Danger; nor shall any Person be tried for the same offence twice and be put in jeopardy of life or limb again; nor shall he be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law.

SECTION X

In all criminal prosecutions, the Accused shall enjoy the Right to a speedy and Public trial, by an impartial Jury within the Community the crime has been committed, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the Witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining Witnesses in his favour, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.

SECTION XI

No Man shall be seized or imprisoned, or stripped of his Rights or Possessions, or outlawed or exiled, or deprived of his standing in any other way, nor will anyone proceed with force against him, or send others to do so, except by the Lawful Judgement of his equals or by the Law of the land. The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended.

SECTION XII

For a trivial offence, a Man shall be fined only in proportion to the degree of his offence, and for a serious offence correspondingly, but not so heavily as to deprive him of his livelihood. In the same way, a merchant shall be spared his merchandise, and a husbandman the implements of his husbandry. No fines shall be imposed except by the assessment on oath of reputable men of the neighbourhood.

SECTION XIII

Senators shall be fined only by their equals, and only in proportion to the gravity of their offence.

SECTION XIV

Excessive bail shall not be required.

SECTION XV

In suits at Common Law, the Right of trial by Jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a Jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court, than according to the rules of the Common Law.

SECTION XVI

All Men may enter or leave this Federation unharmed and without fear, and may stay or travel within it, for purposes of trade, in accordance with Ancient and Lawful customs. It shall be Lawful for any Man to leave and return to this Federation unharmed and without fear, preserving his allegiance, except in time of War, for some short period, for the common benefit of all Men. People that have been imprisoned or outlawed in accordance with Federal Law, or people from a country that is at War with us – are excepted from this provision.

SECTION XVII

The People shall always have the right to Review, Reform, Change or Abolish this Constitution.

ARTICLE II – GENERAL ASSEMBLY

SECTION I

To obtain the General Consent of the People, Senators and Delegates shall be summoned to a General Assembly individually by letter, to come together on a fixed day and at a fixed place. All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a General Assembly, which shall consist of a Senate and a Chamber of Delegates.

SECTION II – THE CHAMBER OF DELEGATES

The Chamber of Delegates shall be composed of Members chosen every third Year by the several Cantons, the manner of the elections shall be decided by each Canton.

No Man shall be a Delegate who shall not have attained to the Age of twenty-five Years, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that Canton in which he shall be chosen.

Each Canton shall be entitled to one vote in the Chamber of Delegates

When vacancies happen in the Delegation from any Canton, the Intendant thereof shall issue Writs of Election to fill such Vacancies.

The Chamber of Delegates shall choose their Speaker and other Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment

SECTION III – THE SENATE

The Senate shall be composed of appointed Senators. Each Senator shall have one Vote.

The Senate shall chose their Speaker and other Officers.

The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. When sitting for that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. When one of the Consuls is tried, the Lord Chief Justice shall preside: And no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two-thirds of the Members present.

Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of Honour, Trust or Profit within the Federation: but the Party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment and Punishment, according to Law.

SECTION IV – ELECTIONS, MEETINGS, MEMBERSHIP

The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Delegates, shall be prescribed in each Canton by the Assembly thereof.

Each Canton may choose however many Delegates they wish, the Delegation shall attend the General Assembly and each Delegate may speak in the Chamber of Delegates, however, each Delegation shall be entitled to only one vote, no matter how populous or large that Canton may be. The Chamber of Delegates may, if it agrees in unanimity allow Delegations from non-Cantonal organisations, they shall have all the rights and privileges as all other Delegations.

Senators shall be appointed to an open-ended term, they may serve as long as they feel able. When they do retire or die, they may choose as their successor any other man and the Senate need only confirm this choice by simple majority. If the Senate does not approve, his second choice shall be considered and so on, until the Senate agrees to a successor. When a Senator dies and has no Will or Testament, the Senate shall offer the position to a close family member or friend who shall be suitably virtuous and God-fearing. If a Senator is impeached and convicted, he shall be removed from office and the position shall be offered to whomever the Senate feel is appropriate for the position. The numbers of Senators may be increased from the present level, however, the Senate must agree unanimously to each new position, and once created, those positions shall be like the original number of Senators and shall have all the same rights and privileges.

SECTION VI

The General Assembly shall meet at least once in every Year, on a day that they shall appoint by Law.

SECTION VII – MEMBERSHIP, RULES, JOURNALS, ADJOURNMENTS

Each Chamber shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returns and Qualifications of its own Members, and a Majority of each shall constitute a Quorum to do Business; but a smaller number may adjourn from day-to-day, and may be authorized to compel the Attendance of absent Members, in such Manner, and under such Penalties as each Chamber may provide.

Each Chamber may determine the Rules of its Proceedings, punish its Members for disorderly Behaviour, and, with the Concurrence of two-thirds, expel a Member.

Each Chamber shall keep a Journal of its Proceedings, and from time to time publish the same, excepting such Parts as may in their Judgment require Secrecy; and the Yeas and Nays of the Members of either Chamber on any question shall, at the Desire of one fifth of those Present, be entered on the Journal.

Neither Chamber, during the Session of the General Assembly, shall, without the Consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other Place than that in which the two Chambers shall be sitting.

SECTION VIII – PRIVILEGE

They shall in all Cases, except Treason, Felony and Breach of the Peace, be privileged from Arrest during their Attendance at the Session of their respective Chamber, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any Speech or Debate in either Chamber, they shall not be questioned in any other Place.

No Delegate, Senator or Consul shall, during the Time for which he was elected, be appointed to any Civil Office under the Authority of the Federal Government, or the Emoluments whereof shall have been increased during such time; and no Person holding any Federal Office, shall be a Member of the General Assembly or Consulate during his Continuance in Office.

SECTION VX – LEGISLATIVE PROCESS, VETO

Every Bill which shall have passed the General Assembly, shall, before it become a Law, be presented to the Consulate; If they approve, they shall sign it, but if not they shall return it, with their Objections to that Chamber in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the Objections at large on their Journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If after such Reconsideration two-thirds of that Chamber shall agree to pass the Bill, it shall be sent, together with the Objections, to the other Chamber, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two-thirds of that Chamber, it shall become a Law. But in all such Cases the Votes of both Chambers shall be determined by Yeas and Nays, and the Names of the Persons voting for and against the Bill shall be entered on the Journal of each Chamber respectively. If any Bill shall not be returned by the Consulate within ten Days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to them, the Same shall be a Law, in like Manner as if they had signed it, unless the General Assembly by their Adjournment prevent its Return, in which Case it shall not be a Law.

All Acts of the General Assembly, once approved by the Consulate, excepting adjournments and other procedural acts, may be put to a plebiscite of all people entitled to vote. If within one hundred days of the passing of an Act, one fifth of the eligible voters of the Federation, or one-third of the Cantons, request a plebiscite, one shall take place in as speedy a manner as is allowed. If a majority of the voters and Cantons approve, it shall pass, if not, that Act shall not pass.

Every Order, Resolution, or Vote to which the Concurrence of the General Assembly may be necessary (except on a question of Adjournment) shall be presented to the Consulate; and before the Same shall take Effect, shall be approved by them, or being disapproved by them, shall be re-passed by two-thirds of the Senate and Chamber of Delegates, according to the Rules and Limitations prescribed in the Case of a Bill.

SECTION X – POWERS

The General Assembly shall have Power;

To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay, and provide for the common Defence and general Welfareof the Federation; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the Federation;

Make Treaties;

Coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, and of foreign Coin, and fix the Standard of Weights and Measures;

Regulate Commerce with foreign States, and within the Federation;

Establish a uniform Rule of Naturalisation, and uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies throughout the Federation;

To provide for the Punishment of counterfeiting the Securities and current Coin of the Federation;

Promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts;

Define and punish Piracies and Felonies committed, and Offences against the Laws of Nations;

Declare War, grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal, and make Rules concerning Captures;

Provide and maintain a Navy, and make Rules and Regulations for its Governance:

Provide for calling forth the Militia to execute Federal Laws, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions;

Provide for organizing, training, arming, governing and disciplining the Militia when employed in Federal service, reserving to the Cantons respectively, the Appointment of the Officers;

To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over all Places purchased by the Consent of the Canton in which the Same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards, and other needful Buildings; And

To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the Federation, or in any Ministry or Officer thereof.

SECTION XI – WAR

All acts of war by the Federation, except in the repelling of an immediate invasion or attack, must be established through a Declaration of War issued by the General Assembly, as well as a plebiscite of all eligible voters. All able-bodied citizens who vote for war must enlist in the military.

At times of official peace, the decision to aid, assist, or oppose any foreign government or revolutionary movement will be reserved to the People, as individuals.

Section XII – POWERS PROHIBED TO THE FEDERATION

No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in Consequence of Appropriations made by Law; and a regular Statement and Account of the Receipts and Expenditures of all public Money shall be published from time to time.

No tax shall be laid on incomes, capital gains, inheritances, property or gifts.

No tax can be laid if not for the general common good. All Men shall have the right to participate personally, through their representatives and through their vote in a plebiscite to voice their wishes and opinions on any tax laid.

No borrowing of any money shall be done at any time, or for any purpose.

No bill of attainer or ex post facto law shall be passed.

Nor shall any law grant copyrights or patents, or recognize their legitimacy.

ARTICLE III – EXECUTIVE

SECTION I – THE CONSULATE

Executive Power is vested in the Consulate, which shall consist of nine Consuls. They shall hold their Office during good behaviour and be elected, as follows:

In consequence of the resignation, retirement, death or impeachment and conviction of a sitting Consul, each Chamber of the General Assembly shall appoint, in such Manner as they may direct, a Number of Electors, not exceeding twelve each;

The Electors shall meet in conclave and by unanimity, select a Man of good repute to serve as Consul.

The chosen Consul may be any Man of good repute, and he may sit as Consul until he may resign, retire, die or be impeached and convicted by the General Assembly.

SECTION II – CIVILIAN POWER OVER MILITARY, CABINET, PARDON POWER, APPOINTMENTS

The Consulate shall appoint a Commander-in-Chief of the Navy and the Militia of the several Cantons, when called into the actual Service of the Federation; they may require the Opinion, in writing, or otherwise of the Ministers, upon any subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices, and each Consul shall have Power to Grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against the Federation, except in Cases of Impeachment.

They shall together, have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the General Assembly, to make Treaties, provided two-thirds of the General Assembly concur; and they shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the General Assembly, shall appoint Ambassadors, Ministers, Judges, and all other Officers of the Federation, whose Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by Law: but the General Assembly may by Law vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers, as they think proper, in the Consulate alone, in the Courts of Law, or in the Ministers.

The Consulate shall have Power to fill up all Vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the General Assembly, by granting Commissions which shall expire at the End of their next Session.

Each Consul shall have the power to Knight other men for Acts of Greatness, Courage, Valour, Piety or Daring. Other titles and awards as may be established, shall likewise, be the gift of each individual Consul.

SECTION III – CONVENING THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

The Consulate shall from time to time recommend to the Consideration of the General Assembly such Measures as they shall judge necessary and expedient. They may, on extraordinary Occasions, convene both Chambers, or either of them, or in Case of Disagreement between the Chambers. With Respect to the Time of Adjournment, they may adjourn them to such Time as they shall think proper; they shall receive Ambassadors and other public Ministers; they shall take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed, and shall Commission all the Officers of the Federation.

SECTION IV – DISQUALIFICATION

A Consul and all civil Officers of the Federation, shall be removed from Office on Impeachmentfor, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanour’s.

ARTICLE IV – THE JUDICIARY

SECTION I – SUPREME COURT

The judicial Power of the Federation, shall be vested in one Supreme Court and in such inferior Courts as the General Assembly may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour. Judges of the Supreme Court shall be chosen by the Consulate and approved by the General Assembly. There shall be only nine Justices of the Supreme Court, and one judge shall be appointed each year and one shall retire. Supreme Court Justices may only serve one nine-year term. If a Justice resigns, dies or is impeached and convicted before his term has expired, the Consulate shall choose a replacement, to be confirmed by the General Assembly, the replacement shall only serve the remainder of the term of the Justice he shall replace.

SECTION II – TRIAL BY JURY, ORIGINAL JURISDICTION, JURY TRIALS

Judicial Power shall extend to all Cases, in Law and Equity, arising under this Constitution, the Laws of the Federation, and Treaties made, or which shall be made, under this Authority; to all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls; to all Cases of admiralty; to Controversies to which the Federation shall be a Party. In addition, disputes among members of the same Canton may be adjudicated by the Supreme Court if the laws of that Canton grant such jurisdiction to the Supreme Court.

SECTION III

In all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, and those in which a Canton shall be Party, the Supreme Court shall have original Jurisdiction. In all the other Cases before mentioned, they shall have appellate Jurisdiction, both as to Law and Fact, with such Exceptions, and under such Regulations as the General Assembly shall make.

SECTION IV

The Trial of all Crimes, except in Cases of Impeachment, shall be by Jury; and such Trial shall be held in the Canton where the said Crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any Canton, the Trial shall be at such Place or Places as the General Assembly may by Law have directed.

ARTICLE IV – The Cantons

SECTION I – EACH CANTON TO HONOUR ALL OTHERS

Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each Canton to the public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of every other Canton. And the General Assembly may by general Laws prescribe the Manner in which such Acts, Records and Proceedings shall be proved, and the Effect thereof.

SECTION II – SOVEREIGNTY

Each Canton is independent and sovereign. It retains all such freedoms, powers, jurisdictions, rights and privileges not expressly delegated to the Federation. Each Canton has the right of secession from the Federation at any time and for any reason, providing that the electors of the Canton have voted by two-thirds in favour in a plebiscite. Each Canton shall have power to govern itself.

SECTION III – CANTON CITIZENS, EXTRADITION

The Citizens of each Canton shall be entitled to all Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the several Cantons. A Person charged in any Canton with Treason, Felony, or other Crime, who shall flee from Justice, and be found in another Canton, shall on demand of the executive Authority of that place from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the place having Jurisdiction of the Crime.

SECTION IV – NEW CANTONS

New Cantons may be admitted into this Federation; but no new Cantons shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other Canton; nor any Canton be formed by the Junction of two or more Cantons, or parts of Cantons, without the Consent of the Cantons concerned as well as of the electors concerned, by plebiscite.

New Cantons may be created by an act of the General Assembly. Once a community has a certain population, of which a certain number shall be electors, have assembled in a territory, they may request the Federation to recognise the said territory as a new Canton. That Canton may choose, or not, to establish a constitution and establish its own rules and institutions as it sees fit.

The General Assembly shall have Power to dispose of and make all needful Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory or other Property belonging to the Federation.

SECTION V – RIGHTS OF CANTONS AND THE FEDERATION

The Federation shall respect, and guarantee in law, the autonomy of the Cantons.

The principle of subsidiarity shall be observed in the allocation and performance of all tasks.

All Cantons, Cities, Towns, Communes and Ports shall enjoy all their Liberties and Free Customs.

The Cantons may enter into agreements with each other and establish common organisations and institutions. In particular, they may jointly undertake tasks of regional importance together. They may also jointly undertake tasks of cultural importance together.

The Federal Government may participate in such organisations or institutions within the scope of its powers, only at the request of the Cantons concerned.

Agreements between Cantons must not be contrary to the law, to the interests of the Federation or to the rights of other Cantons. The Federation must be notified of such agreements.

The Cantons shall comply with inter-Cantonal Law.

Federal law shall take precedence over any conflicting provision of Cantonal Law.

The Federation shall take into account any possible consequences for the Cantons in its activities.

Each Canton may adopt a constitution. This requires the approval of the Electors and must be capable of being revised if the majority of the Electors so request.

The Cantons shall be consulted by the Federal government on policy decisions that affect their powers or their essential interests and they shall be informed fully and in good time.

The Cantons shall implement Federal law in accordance with this Constitution and Federal legislation.

The Federation shall allow the Cantons all possible discretion to organise their own affairs and shall take account of cantonal particularities.

The Cantons may authorise inter-cantonal bodies, by treaty, to issue legislative provisions implementing a treaty, provided this treaty has been approved according to the same procedure that applies to legislation and determines the fundamental substance of the subject matter.

Disputes between Cantons or between Cantons and the Federation shall wherever possible be resolved by negotiation or mediation.

Cantons may designate official languages. In order to preserve harmony between communities, they must respect the territorial distribution of languages, and consider the linguistic minorities.

Cantons may be known or referred to differently in other languages.

SECTION VI – MILITIAS AND DEFENCE

Militias shall be organised by each Canton.

The Militias shall, if necessary, execute Cantonal and Federal Laws, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions.

Every man must render military service as part of a Militia, the law may provide for an alternative service. Any man who renders neither military nor alternative service shall owe a tax. This tax is levied by the Federation and is assessed and collected by the Cantons.

Cantons shall provide for organizing, training, arming, governing and disciplining, the Militia, when they are not in Federal service. Cantons shall also Appoint the Officers of the Militia.

SECTION VII – COMMUNES

Cantons shall be composed of Communes. Each Commune shall be represented at the Cantonal level.

The autonomy of Communes is guaranteed according to Cantonal law. In its activity, the Federation takes into account possible consequences for Communes.

At Communal level, every man eligible to vote shall have the right to sit on the Communal Council, the Council shall select their officers and executive, if they shall have any.

Communes may lay taxes to raise any necessary funding.

Communes may secede from the Canton of which they are part, however two-thirds of the electors of the Commune must support the bid for secession in an open vote. The Canton must then join another Canton or other Communes to create a new Canton.

If a Commune petitions to join a Canton, a majority of the Communes and a majority of the electors within the said Canton must agree to it in a plebiscite.

SECTION VIII – POWERS PROHIBITED TO THE CANTONS

No Canton shall pass any Bill of Attainer, ex post facto Law, or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts.

No Canton shall, without Federation consent, lay any Imposts or Duties on Imports or Exports.

No Canton shall, without Federation consent, lay any import or export duty, enter into any Agreement or Compact with a foreign Power, or engage in War, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent Danger as will not admit of delay.

No Cantonal government shall borrow money at any time, for any purpose.

No canton shall lay a tax on incomes, capital gains, inheritances, property or gifts.

No tax can be laid if not for the general common good. All Men shall have the right to participate personally, through their representatives and through their vote in a plebiscite to voice their wishes and opinions on any tax laid.

No Canton shall abolish, undermine or subsume any Commune without the support of a majority of the electors of that Commune.

SECTION V

The Federation shall guarantee to every Canton in this Federation a free Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion; and on Application of the Assembly, or of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened) against domestic Violence.

ARTICLE V – AMENDMENT

The General Assembly, whenever two-thirds of both Chambers shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the Legislatures of one half of the several Cantons, or, on the application of a petition by two fifth of the people, shall call a Convention for proposing Amendments, which, in either Case, shall be valid to all Intents and Purposes, as part of this Constitution, when ratified by a majority of the people via plebiscite, the Legislatures of three-fourths of the several Cantons, or by Conventions in three-fourths thereof, as the one or the other Mode of Ratification may be proposed by the General Assembly; Provided that no Amendment which shall in any Manner affect the privileges and powers of the Cantons is passed without unanimous support of the Cantons.

Proposals that are submitted, are accepted if a majority of those who vote and a majority of the Cantons approve them. The result of a popular vote in a Canton shall determine the vote of the Canton.

ARTICLE VI – SUPREMACY

This Constitution as well as the Laws of the Federation which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the Federation Government, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges in every Canton shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any Canton to the Contrary notwithstanding.

ARTICLE VII

SECTION I

The enumeration of certain Rights and Liberties, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the People.

SECTION II

The powers not delegated, nor prohibited, are reserved to the Cantons or Communes respectively, or to the people.

SECTION III

All individuals shall take responsibility for themselves and shall, according to their abilities, contribute to achieving the tasks of their communities, the state and society.

SECTION IV

THERFORE, we firmly enjoin, that all men within this Federation have and hold all the aforesaid liberties, rights, and concessions, well and peaceably, freely and quietly, fully and wholly, for themselves and their heirs, in all respects and in all places for ever. An oath, moreover, has been taken, that all these conditions aforesaid shall be kept in good faith.

Smallness Works

Well, it seems to help.

I believe that a part of our problems, whether they be economic, social or cultural stem from the prison that is the modern-day nation-state, where once we had a small and distant government rule over a small and lightly populated(by todays standards) polity, we now have a large and increasingly belligerent state, attempting to rule over millions, tens of millions and sometimes hundreds of millions of people, resulting in misrule, tyranny and increasing impoverishment.

It is a simplistic argument, I know, but hear me out. Is it at all possible that a ‘democracy’ like the United States can actually represent the will of 310 million people, in an area the size of Europe? Each representative in the Congress represents on average about half a million people, I’m not sure about you, but I don’t think it is even possible to meet half a million people in one lifetime, and even if it were, could anyone remember very many of them? Can an elected representative in the American Congress actually represent 500,000, as they would wish to be represented?

The senators, represent the states, so, the Alaskan senators, will represent about 600,000, a large number, the Californian senators will represent 35 million people. Now even if you think that there may be a possibility, however unlikely, that a representative can actually represent half a million people, can anyone, in their right mind say that someone can accurately represent 35 millions?

What about a world government? Some people seem keen on that, how many representatives would we have to a world Congress or Parliament or Assembly or whatever it might be called? One thousand? That would mean each representative would represent about seven million people, so we could increase the representatives to ten thousand, then what? Well we could all be represented, but how efficient would such an assembly be? Could there be a possibility of companies, pressure groups and others buying votes? Could it mean an ineffectual, pointless debating chamber that would quickly be overtaken in importance by the bureaucracy?

The European Union is an attempt to make things big, about 400 million people jammed together to form one state, well they are trying. The European Parliament is famous for its irrelevance, there are 736 MEPs(Members of the European Parliament) and there will be 750 MEPs at the next European elections, due to the expanding EU. Britain has 73 MEPs, Germany 99, Malta 5, France 74, Ireland 13.

Now, if for some reason, every MEP from Ireland, Malta and Britain voted against something which they believed would be harmful to them, say, banning English, they would be outvoted and their votes would mean nothing. In a world parliament, if every white nation joined together to prevent, lets say, compulsory compensation to third world states for colonialism, imperialism, apartheid, slavery and racism, what do you think the result would be?

Even democrats should be able to see this, democracy can’t, and won’t work as the state or nation becomes too large, the only form of government which works in a large nation or state is dictatorship, or at least authoritarian government. China is run by one party, Russia is a managed democracy, India is a corrupt democracy, Brazil is another corrupt democracy.

These places work, after a fashion, but they are not in any sense ‘democratic’ and nor should they be, democracy would cause chaos and lead to wholesale looting of one group or region, to placate the violent anger of another.

America is the odd one out, it resembles a managed democracy at the federal level, but at the local level can actually be very free, towns, townships and counties which are rural and white tend to be ably governed, even small states like Vermont, New Hampshire, North Dakota and other mid western and Rocky Mountain states seem to get along fine. It is when we look at the large states where problems arise, California, New York, Florida and Texas. Texas seems well run(I’m an outsider) but the diversity being allowed will kill that place too.

Small polities on the other hand seem more likely to be wealthier, healthier, happier and freer than the teeming empires of diversity and crime.

The first examples are the ones above, the small American states, they are reputedly some of the best places to live in the world. And then we have some small places in Europe;

The bailiwick of Sark, is about two square miles, it has its own government, and is very lightly taxed, no diversity(I’m sure someone will try to cure that soon), a pleasant landscape, and plenty of sea views. No poverty, no crime and no cars! only 600 people live here and their parliament, the Chief Pleas, has thirty members, meaning each person, not voter, each man woman and child has one member for every twenty of them. Now, is it possible to get to know your twenty electors? I think there is, and if three or four tell you how strongly they feel about something, do you think the representative will take notice?

Sark

The other Channel Islands are also small, rich, happy and free, Jersey, Guernsey and Alderney all have their own assemblies, elected by a few thousand people, who know each other and so can actually have an effect on their votes, and who can call them afterwards to have a cross word if necessary. None of them are in the EU, all have low taxes and good public services.

The Isle of Man is another good example of a successful small country, although it has a somewhat larger population then Sark, at 85,000 and is about 500 square miles. But it is small enough to be run well, for its own people. It has, the Manx say, the oldest parliament in the world, the Tynwald, which has 24 members, meaning that they represent about 3,500 people apiece. A massive electorate when compared to their Sark counterparts, but still a wee bit less than the half million that each American representative has. It still seems likely that each member of the House of Keys(the lower house in the Tynwald) will know a good part of his electorate, or at least be available to all of them, if they so wish. Man is rich, lightly taxed and again not in the EU. They also have a wonderful custom, where each year on Tynwald Day, they read aloud all the laws passed by their assembly over the last twelve months, in English and Manx. I imagine this may give the members pause for thought when a long and boring piece of legislation is passed, knowing they will have to stand at Tynwald hill and listen to it being read out out twice!

A Part of Man

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Another interesting place is the Principality of Liechtenstein, it is a small place, that makes Switzerland look big. It is about 60 square miles and has 35,000 people. It is ruled by a prince whose family have held this fief for over 400 years, the people are rich and lightly taxed, the public services work, the streets are clean and it is not in the EU! Surprise surprise! This little place has had no experience of war since Napoleon and was the only place in Europe to give asylum to 500 Russian nationalists who fought against the Soviet Union in the Second World War, whilst larger more powerful states like the US and Britain happily handed over hundreds of thousands of poor souls who disappeared in Siberia.

Liechtenstein

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

San Marino, the worlds oldest republic, is a tiny little place in Italy with only 24,000 people, it is independent, and has been since St Marius established his monastery on Mont Titano in 301AD, it is not part of the EU, is rich, happy and free. It has no national debt, unlike neighbouring Italy, and has no ‘diversity’ to talk of. It is lightly taxed and has a constitution that can be traced back over 400 years.

San Marino

We have all heard of Monaco, another rich, free place ruled by a prince, and Andorra? A Co-Principality between Spain and France, which is also rich and free.

Gibraltar, a British colony on the south Spanish coast. Iceland a large country, but with a small population, only about 300,000. Luxembourg, the Faeroes and the Swiss Cantons, some of which are not much bigger than Liechtenstein.

Gibraltar

All of these places have something in common, they are all small, all have small homogenous populations, all are wealthy, all have contented populations, all of them are well-governed and lightly taxed, all of them are free. Even the principalities, even here the people are freer then many of us who live in big ‘democratic’ states, which exposes the lie about monarchies being old-fashioned totalitarian states. Iceland was able to reject enslavement to the IMF due to its small size. A few thousand people converged on their parliament, which is about as big as a normal house, and threatened to burn it down if the parliament passed the act which would have enslaved them. This forced the government to put the issue to referendum which resulted in its rejection. Man, Sark, Alderney, Jersey and Guernsey are not completely independent, but this means very little in any real sense, they rule themselves for the most part, foreign policy and coinage being the only things they don’t have, and for small places like this, foreign policy doesn’t really mean all that much anyway. Politics in these places is extremely local, people don’t go into politics to make their fortune, or to lord it over anyone else, as who would be impressed that you are a member of the Chief Pleas or Colonial Assembly of Gibraltar?(Well I would, I would be fascinated) People don’t go into these assemblies to conquer the world, or change the world, only to have a say in how the local school is run, or to oppose licence changes for pubs, or to campaign for a road to be repaved. these are boring, irrelevant things to the entire world, except for the tiny corner where it does matter. In short, those who lust after power, leave these places for pastures new, leaving these little pieces of well-governed earth, to remain the same. Perhaps the most tory of places?

So what am I saying? Well, small government is good government. And perhaps if we are to focus on politics, we should focus on the small? Although I despise ‘democracy’ as a sham, as it is in large states like Britain and America, on a small, local scale, representative government, as opposed to democracy is a good thing. If you could go and get yourself elected to a parish council, or a town council, you could have an effect. You could oppose foolish spending, you could oppose some silly declaration or propose a good and worthwhile thing. Immigration can’t be stopped at the national level yet, perhaps we could make illegal immigrants uncomfortable at the local level by denying a business licence, you don’t have to say why, or you could oppose it on environmental grounds!

I have read that the future will be one of small states, city states and the like, I don’t know if it is true, but I do think it would be a good thing. The large, centralised, bureaucratic states of the last century are failing. They have lost their legitimacy and are about to go bust, they no longer look out for their people, they only look out for their own financial futures. Too many in government, such as that worm Tony Blair and Nickolas Sarkozy, used the power of their states to wage cowardly wars against third world nations, partly, I’m sure because it massaged their egos. A Tony Blair as a member of the Chief Pleas or House of Keys would be of no danger to the world, or even to a country, even if he managed to convince the assembly to import millions of immigrants, the other parts of the country would be ok.

So let us get elected to our small local councils, lets start positioning ourselves to be the leaders of  the remnants of these failed nation-states, I predict that this is where and how we begin to take back what has been so unjustly taken from us and ours.

‘Extreme, Rightwing, Nazi, Fascists, whowantokillsixmillionimmigrants’ win election to Greek Parliament

Well, it’s not really a surprise, but the Golden Dawn, a party that the MSM describe in their oh so creative way, as ‘Nazis, Fascists, Xenophobes, Violent Thugs, Extreme Rightwing Maniacs, whowantokillsixmillionjews’, whoops, not six million Jews, just six million of some other group!

As always, we have the usual condemnation of a party that does well, and is opposed to the cultural and ethnic destruction of their people, we don’t see any condemnation of the communists who got almost 20% of the vote, no just the ‘FACIST, NAZI, RIGHT WING EXTREMISTS’, as per usual.

What I think proves Golden Dawns point, and is a slap in the face to all true Greeks, is some Paki, who lives in Greece, moaning and complaining about the sheer, ‘horror’ of the Greek people voting for this party,

‘Javad Aslan, a spokesman for Greece’s Pakistani immigrant community, urged other political parties to work together to isolate Golden Dawn.

“This is dangerous for everyone who is living in Greece,” Aslan said. “This [result is] unbelievable for me. It is very serious, very dangerous.

“I can never believe a political party that comes with knives and bars against us, that hurts people and puts them in hospital.”

Golden Dawn says Greece should reject its bailout commitments and write off its debt.’

Source

There you have it, some Paki’s views are more important than the ethnic Greeks, the Greeks must bow down to our new god ‘Diversity’ and worship, and failure to do so is as usual, ‘racist’.

I don’t know about you, but I’m bored of these hysterical posts, disguised as journalism, every party, without exception, that suggests immigration is not such a good idea, is pilloried as equivalent to Hitler, no matter how softly spoken, no matter how moderate, no matter how sensible. And it seems that people have begun to lose the fear of being labelled ‘racist’ as it is flung around as insult far too often. It is losing its power, and about time.

Apparently this symbol is just like the Nazi’s ‘whokilledsixmillionjews’ swastika symbol

The Meander, Golden Dawns symbol

 

 

 

 

 

Wow, those Greek Nazi’s are terrible using this symbol.

 

Kinda like this one

Ephesus Theatre

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

These Greek Nazi’s have obviously been around for a long time. Hey whats the betting that the Christians were also Greek Nazi’s back in the day?

 

Oh and this on a more modern neoclassical building

Another Nazi symbol?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

It’s amazing, these Greek Nazi’s get everywhere, scrawling their symbols on buildings throughout the ages! This needs to be stopped, those evil nasty Greek Nazis ‘whowantotkillsixmillionjews’ must be stopped!

The Unnecessary War

Winston Churchill

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Churchill was a magnificent man, a wonderful writer, a brilliant speaker. Writing at his worst, he was better than most of us other writers writing flat-out at our best. I’ve said it often before and it’s undoubtedly true. He had a habit of finding a cutting phrase, and when I look back on my own last 25 years of crime — my writing life as an author — I sometimes remember the sentence which I quote here in Volume II [of Churchill’s War].

A man’s life is similar to a walk down a long passage with closed windows to each side. As you reach each window an unseen hand opens it; but the light that it lets in only increases by contrast the darkness at the end.

Beautiful piece of Winston Churchill descriptive writing. Yet he was a man who had very, very odd facets. He was a man who was almost a pervert, who liked to expose himself to people. You don’t find this in the average Churchill biography. You’ll find it in mine. Such flashes of mature insight were tempered by patches of behavior that witnesses could only describe as infantile. The same general, wearily watching Winston throw yet another tantrum, remarked sotto voce to Hugh Dalton, minister of Economic Warfare: “One feels that a nurse should come and fetch him away.”

Some of his fetishes must have had their roots in his unsettled infancy. He had a whimsical habit of exposing himself, just like a naughty child, both to his young male secretaries and to his elders and betters. Each one thought that he was being uniquely privileged, but this happened so frequently that it cannot have been fortuitous. No matter how high ranking the personage — with the exception, it seems, of His Majesty — he was likely to find himself received by Britain’s prime minister in a state of total nudity on one pretext or another. Churchill frequently received his ministers or staff officers while sitting in or stepping out of the bath — these blessed folk being referred to afterwards as Mr. Churchill’s “Companions of the Bath.” He resembled, in the words of Brigadier Menzies, chief of the secret service, a “nice pink pig” wrapped in a silk kimono. “Sometimes,” recalled “C” in 1967, “I had to talk to the PM when he was undressed and once, when in the bath, he mentioned he had nothing to hide from me.” (On another occasion Churchill cautioned him to silence and pointed to his Persian cat, Nelson, looking out of a window: “He’s in touch with the pelicans on the lake,” he said, “and they’re communicating our information to the German secret service!”)

Not even foreigners were spared this ordeal. On August 26, 1941 he asked the butler at Chequers to bring Elliott Roosevelt to him. “I knocked on his door,” wrote the president’s son, “and entered. Churchill was dictating to his male secretary with a large cigar in his mouth … he was absolutely starkers, marching up and down the room.” Others were treated with scarcely greater mercy — he would wear his white linen undergarments to receive the Canadian prime minister Mackenzie-King in May 1943: “He really was quite a picture but looked like a boy — cheeks quite pink and very fresh.” (I’m not sure which cheeks he was referring to!)

It’s fun, isn’t it. You see, I’m English and you’re American, or recently American, and we have this kind of love-hate relationship. I’m sorry that I don’t speak your language.

St Paul’s after a night of bombing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This is one of the basic problems that Churchill had in the war years: persuading the Americans to come in and fight his war for him. Because by 1940 it had become Churchill’s War. It was no longer concerned with Poland. Poland was forgotten as soon as Poland was defeated, but the war by 1940 became a matter of self-prolongation. It had become important to Churchill’s own political reign that the war continue.

Less than 20 percent of Americans felt in 1942 that there should be closer collaboration with Britain after the war. This is what the Gallup Poll found out in June of 1942. They saw the British as aristocratic, snobbish, selfish, arrogant and cold. (Now there’s nothing wrong with being arrogant. We spend a lot of money sending our boys to school to teach them arrogance.) The Gallup Poll also found how the British, at this time, saw the Americans. Their image was one of conceit, cocksureness, gangsterism, graft and corruption. (This sounds almost anti-Semitic, doesn’t it?) Churchill generally was liked: 45 percent liked him — 25 percent liked Chiang Kai-shek, seven percent liked Stalin. Those disliking him included the Negroes, the Irish, Midwestern farmers, and people of German descent — for some odd reason!

When Churchill came to the shores of the United States he did not receive unanimously favorable fan mail. The FBI files, which I’ve been going through for my Churchill research, contain some prize letters which were intercepted by the FBI, including this anonymous letter from a California mother of three:

Every time you appear on our shores, it means something very terrible for us. Why do you not stay at home and fight your own battles instead of always pulling us into them to save your rotten neck? You are taking foul advantage of our blithering idiot of a president. (June 19, 1942).

You see, if I’m known for anything as a historian, apart from being a pain in the neck, it’s because I uncover things. And uncovering things does not necessarily mean you go into the archives and see something and say: “Look at this, this is something quite extraordinary.” If you go into the archives long enough, ten or twenty years, you become what I would call a “gap-ologist” I can spot gaps in archives and they’re much more difficult to spot, because they’ve been papered over, and the files have been closed. And it’s only by going through the archives over a period of many years that you get the gut feeling that something isn’t there that should be there. And you get this kind of gut feeling when you look into the American archives, and then you look in the British archives, and then you go to Australia and Canada and the other archives, and you think to yourself “Wait a minute, in the American archives, I’ve seen a whole heap of documents on that but here I am in the archives outside of London, and yet there’s a gap!” It takes a long time before you can put your finger on that gap. There’s not exactly a label saying “What’s this gap. Try and spot what it is.” So I’ve become a bit of a gap-ologist. I look for what is missing from the files. And particularly in the history of how we managed to drag you in in 1941, there are gaps. There are gaps in the files particularly relating to Japan and the United States. And there are gaps in the files all the way back to 1936, when the Americans first invaded the British Empire.

London Blitzed

You don’t know of this invasion because nobody makes a great fuss about it now, in view of the fact of our special relationship with you. There’s not just one nation that has a special relationship with you, there’s another one. (Every time that Israel is described as America’s staunchest ally, Mrs. Thatcher winces!) And the fact that occasionally you’ve done the dirty on us is neatly overlooked. The fact that you robbed us blind in 1940-41 is overlooked. The fact that back in 1936 President Roosevelt sent U.S. Marines to invade Canton Island, at that time a British possession in the Phoenix Islands in the South Pacific peopled at that time by only one British Resident (capital “R” – British Resident), who had his native wife. (They lived in a grass hut, and they had the Union Jack ran up on a flag pole). Pan Am needed that island for an interim stopping point on its flights down to the South Pacific, and so Roosevelt sent the Marines to throw the British out!

Now, you may find it surprising that there’s no reference to this in the British archives. But it is referred to in the catalog of the British Archives. You’ll find it says: “American policy: Canton Island. Closed until the 21st century.” All pages referring to this painful episode are closed until 2017. So I’m not going to be able to see them! This is a typical example of the gaps you look for. You’ll find the papers on them in the American archives, clearly enough — which is how I first came to find out about this — in the private papers of Harold Ickes, who was the Secretary of the Interior at that time. This was part of his purview.

I think Professor Warren S. Kimball, who is a great Churchillologist in the American university system at Rutgers University, was the first person to draw attention to the gaps in the British archives relating to the Japanese files. For all of the intelligence files relating to Japan have been withdrawn, and not just any files relating to Japan, but precisely the month before Pearl Harbor – Gone. Out of the British files.

I humbly add to this the fact that if you look a bit further you can see other gaps. Martin Gilbert is the authorized Churchill biographer, which rather implies that nobody else ought to write about Churchill. (But I’ve arrogated to myself, in my arrogant way, the job of writing an un-authorized biography). If you look at Martin Gilbert’s biography of Churchill, you’ll find on one page of volume six that something has clearly been removed referring to November the 26th, 1941, which is a very important day in the history of pre-Pearl Harbor. November 26, 1941, is the day when we prevailed on the Americans to stand firm with the Japanese, thereby insuring that war would break out. And on that day in the Martin Gilbert biography, you’ll find that a paragraph has obviously been removed at some time because there’s reference to a letter that Churchill wrote to the president, which has been taken out on that day. And we know it’s gone because in the next paragraph Gilbert rather foolishly continues with the words: “… on the same day such and such a thing happened!” And it no longer means the same day. So you could spot where the gap was. It’s obviously all been shuffled up again and the pages have been reset – for something has been taken out relating to November 26, 1941.

If you look into the American archives under that date — at the National Archives building on Pennsylvania avenue in Washington D.C. — and look at all the telegrams that went between London and Washington on that date, about forty of them went through embassy channels, you can see the serial numbers of the telegrams, and suddenly there are two telegrams that had serial numbers that are not in the archives. They have vanished from the archives! And this kind of thing didn’t happen. If a serial number was allocated to a telegram and that telegram number was not used, then a blank page goes into the archives with a reference number “not used.”

So two telegrams have been removed from the archives, because there’s a gap in the numbering. And we don’t know precisely what happened on November 26th, except by odd allusions to it in the diaries of Roosevelt’s staff. So the gaps begin to be significant. And then you realize what was making you unhappy about the British and American archives — and it’s a huge thing — it’s so big that you wonder why you didn’t discover it in the first place! And it’s the big things that people often don’t notice.

Just like, for example, in the famous case of the Adolf Hitler diaries that were published back in 1983. I was interested in the chemical test of the glue on the string and the ink and the paper, and so on. But there was the big thing that all of us overlooked, I’ve got to admit. This was the fact that when I saw the diaries — there was 62 of them stacked up on the table — all identical Adolf Hitler diaries in his handwriting, apparently authentic. And yet the thing that should have occurred to all of us at that time was obvious. The fact that if there were 62 diaries, all identical, on that table in 1983, meant that back in about 1920 Adolf Hitler had gone into his local stationers and said: “I want 62 diaries please … I’m going to write a diary!” You see? None of us spotted that. I have to admit that, although I’m rather ashamed to admit it. And so it is with the archives over the water, in London, and here in Washington.

In Washington the American government has now released all their Japanese intercepts. Everything that was decoded from the Japanese diplomatic files, and some of the naval files, and military signals and water company messages and so on, that we were decoding in 1940 and 1941 and onwards, by the famous “Magic” machines, the diplomatic code “Purple,” and various other codes of that series, has now been released to the National Archives in Washington by the NSA (the National Security Agency). Millions of pages of intercepts that were generated by the Japanese and decoded by the American army and navy cryptographers during the Second World War are in the American archives. In the British archives there is not one single page of a Japanese message decoded by the British.

This is not easily spotted, because it is a gap! There is no kind of gap on the shelves with a sign saying, “Here’s where the British decrypts will eventually come when they are released.” They just keep very quiet about them!

For example, a few months ago, I came across a very low level order by Churchill on security. They’re looking at the movements of the Japanese foreign minister. Churchill’s chief of staff, a man called Ismay, writes to Churchill, saying “Well, what do we do about the attached document?” And the attached document, which is quite obviously, from the content, an intercept of a Japanese message of February 1941, has been withdrawn by the British government. And there is a withdrawal sheet there saying that the attached document had been withdrawn but you don’t know what it is. You only know from inference from the covering letters that it is an intercept of a Japanese message.

So what does all this mean? It means that we British were definitely reading Japanese signals in the years before Pearl Harbor. (I will elaborate shortly upon which particular codes we were reading.) It means that we are so ashamed of what we were getting out of those signals that we dare not admit: A, that we were getting Japanese messages, and, B, that we dare not take the risk of releasing any of those messages in the archives in case some clever David Irving comes along five years from now and sees what inferences to draw from them. We are entitled to draw a further inference, C, from this, and this is that the people who are hiding things are doing so out of a basically guilty conscience. The Americans have not hidden any of their Japanese intercepts, so far as we’re aware. I think any authorized historian would go along with me on that particular claim. The Americans have been enormously up front about releasing all their intercepts now into the National Archives. In fact it’s an embarrassing profusion of intercepts. We don’t know what to do with them. There are millions of them. No one historian has time to go through them all, there are so many. And yet, we British have not released a single page. You don’t even find scattered misfiled pages in the archives. All have sedulously been weeded out of the files.

I think that what happened was this: back in September of 1939 we began reading the Japanese fleet operational code, JN-25 (JN: Japanese Navy), and these Japanese naval intercepts were being read by us, finally, at a much higher level than the American cryptographers were capable of. I could read out to you various documents in the course of this evening if I wanted to show the displeasure that the Americans felt with us that we were not releasing to them everything that we had. George Marshall wrote letters to the President about it. A man called McCormack was sent to Britian in 1943 to find out if there was any way of getting the British intelligence authorities to release still more of their intercepts, because the Americans had by that time realized that we were decoding more than we were releasing. And we are left with the problem of trying to work out why we have not released the JN-25 intercepts to the archives in Britain, and whether we’re entitled to draw conclusions from this. Its a gap and it’s an embarrassing gap. I think this is one reason why, as Warren Kimball has pointed out, certain British foreign office files relating to Japan from September-October and particularly from November of 1941 have been withdrawn completely from the British archives even though they’re just about Japan, apparently, not necessarily containing intercept material. They’ve been withdrawn from the archives in violation of our 30-year rule and they’re not going to be put into the archives until long after all of us in this room are dead. This again is the action of a guilty conscience.

Bombed out London

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

My colleague, John Costello, a very fine writer, who has written detailed books about Pearl Harbor, has made formal applications to the Ministry of Defense in Britain, and he has been told: “It would not be in the national interest for these files to be released.” Not in the national interest! Now, nearly 50 years later, we still can’t be told what happened before Pearl Harbor?

Let’s have a look at some of the other gaps so you can see the way that we’ve all been misled, and how some of your most famous historians have not found out how we’ve been misled. Let us look, for example, at the private diary of Henry Stimson. Henry Stimson — the American secretary of war, conservative, Republican, elderly gentleman, upright, fine, decent — wrote a very detailed diary, as did a number of cabinet members, thank God. He dictated them onto a dictaphone disk. When he retired at the end of each day he would dictate onto a disk, and the next day the secretary would type up what the boss had dictated the day before. These diary entries are sometimes 25 or 30 pages long, and if you go to Yale University you can read the Henry Stimson diary in original. I do emphasize the importance of this to any of you who want to write or want to see what true history is: don’t read “printed” versions of diaries, read the original if you can. If you can’t, then get microfilm copies or photocopies, because that’s the only way you’re going to get a feel for where the faking has been done.

I remember reading one of Rommel’s diaries: Rommel had just lost a particularly stupid battle in November of 1941, and he realized a week or two later, the stupid mistake he had made, and he had his secretary, a corporal, retype the page in the diary — correcting history after the event! The corporal sat down and religiously typed it out, and he made the mistake that all of us make on the first day of any new year, he put the wrong year at the head of the page: November 1942! This is a clear give-away.

The same thing happens in the Henry Stimson diary, in the month before Pearl Harbor. If you look in the original diary you will find clear evidence that the pages of the Stimson diary have been tampered with before Pearl Harbor. Probably by him, himself.

Every secretary has her own idiosyncrasies: they indent by a certain number of words at the beginning of a paragraph, they leave two or three spaces after a period or comma, they underline the date or they don’t, they write 23 lines to a page or whatever. And Stimson’s secretary, being a top-flight Washington secretary, did just that. She typed the diary meticulously. Which means, of course, that if she takes out a paragraph on a page, or takes out a sentence or two sentences and retypes it, you can spot it And if somebody else does it, of course, retypes it two or three years later, you can spot it even better, because it’s a different secretary by then.

If you look in the Stimson diary you’ll find that in November and October 1941, two months before Pearl Harbor, that repeatedly passages have been taken out of the Stimson diary, and that page had been retyped by a different secretary for the reasons I just described. And on Pearl Harbor day itself, December 7, 1941, we find that from page three onward the whole diary has been retyped. Again, by the same secretary, the one who retyped it three or four years later, because it always contains the same idiosyncrasies of the second lady and not the original secretary. How many historians discovered that? And are we entitled to draw any conclusions as to what went in and to what’s been taken out? Well, as luck would have it, on November 4, 1944, Stimson had a strange telephone call from Henry Morgenthau. Henry Morgenthau, secretary of the treasury, telephoned Henry Stimson, deeply troubled because the Morgenthau plan was being accused of costing the lives of two divisions of GIs. Morgenthau telephones Stimson and begs for absolution. He says: “Say it isn’t so, Henry!”

And if you go into the Morgenthau Diary, in the Roosevelt library in Hyde Park, you’ll find this very interesting entry penciled in, which again, nobody else has spotted — not even Arthur Schlesinger Jr. so far as I know — November 4, 1944, 8:45: “Telephoned Henry Stimson, Cold Springs, and urged him to do something [to deny Dewey’s claim that the Morgenthau Plan had prolonged the war]. He sounded tired, more tired than ever. He said he was tired out from working the last two weeks on the Pearl Harbor report, to keep out anything that might hurt the president.”

So there you’ve got it! Round about the same time he was going through his diaries, thinking: My God, did I write that down in the diaries? Better cut that out” “Miss Moneypenny, can you retype these pages for me?” It’s a cover-up.

Again, you can spot what’s gone out of those pages. Because if you read the whole of 1941, throughout all the other months, Stimson is writing down, every day, the details of the “magics” that he gets, the intercepts of the Japanese messages, the diplomatic reports. Stimson is writing them down every day until suddenly, just before Pearl Harbor, around November the third, every reference to Japan dries up suddenly.From November the third onwards, right through until November the twenty-sixth, there’s no reference to Japan at all in his diaries, apparently, in the edited version. Now that’s a likely story. What he’s done is he’s gone through cutting out everything! Because he’s very scared indeed, because here is piece of evidence after piece of evidence that the Japanese are up to something. So he’s gone through the diaries and cut out these references.

Now in the British Archives there’s another gap, and again it only comes to you when you’ve been working on the subject intensively in the other archives. This concerns the “Winds message.” I won’t go into a complicated description of what the “Winds message” was. Suffice it to say that the Japanese had realized that when war broke out, they would need some cryptic way of telling their embassies abroad who was going to be the enemy and when war was going to break out. They decided to tell the various embassies abroad to watch out in the local Japanese weather forecast that was broadcast around the world — an ordinary weather forecast broadcast from Tokyo. These distant embassies in London, Rome, and Berlin, were to watch for certain messages about which way the wind was blowing, and whether it was going to rain. And this “winds message,” which was issued from Tokyo on November 19, 1941, was decoded by us – this preparatory message, from November the twenty-fifth, we should say — was decoded by us, the British and Americans, on November the twenty-fifth.

Messages went out to all our listening posts: Singapore, Hong Kong, the east and west coasts of the United States, and in Britain — to listen for the slightest sign of the “Winds execute” transmission. In the American archives there are tons and tons of documents about the “Winds message,” in the SRH series in the National Archives, Record Group 457. You’ll find that there are expositions on it, there are summaries of it, there are deliberations and accusations and debates and Pearl Harbor hearings about the “Winds message.” We British were asked to keep our ears open for the “Winds message,” too. Because obviously we might equally likely pick up the “Winds message.” Because such are the idiosyncrasies in the propagation of radio waves that we sometimes pick up radio messages broadcast from Japan that the Americans can’t pick up. So we were listening out for it, too. And yet, if you look in the British archives relating to Japan, if you look in the BBC archives too, you won’t find even a reference to the “Winds message,” let alone the search for it, let alone the result. Did we or did we not pick up the “Winds execute” message which gave us sufficient warning, as it gave the Americans, in fact on December the fourth, three days before Pearl Harbor, that Japan was about to attack Britain, about to attack the United States, but was not about to attack Russia.

Well, I think that we did. I think that our intelligence services did pick up the “Winds message” and that Churchill either did or did not communicate that vital information to the United States. We’ll come to that matter in a minute. Churchill’s great nightmare throughout 1941 was that he was going to find himself blundering into war with Japan — alone. And that the United States would hang out until the last minute and then not come in. This is written very large in all of Churchill’s deliberations both inside his cabinet and in private. But of course Churchill’s deliberations inside his cabinet didn’t mean very much because Churchill’s cabinet had about as much brains as the band on the Johnny Carson Show. You see, Churchill knew that Roosevelt wanted war, but Churchill was familiar with Roosevelt’s basic problem: namely, that the American people did not want war. Churchill did all he could to help Roosevelt out of his dilemma.

We were reading the German submarine codes. We knew where the German submarines were in the Atlantic, so Churchill took pains to ensure that our convoys coming across the Atlantic, escorted by American ships, would head directly to where the German U-boats were, in the hopes that the U-boats would sink an American ship. This was the kind of thing that we can see going on now that we’re gradually getting access to all the files. You now begin to understand where the British national interest is: that these things should not be released.

Back in 1941, Churchill’s biggest problem was the Ambassador, Joseph P. Kennedy, the American ambassador in the Court of St. James. Joseph P. Kennedy, one of my favorite characters of World War Two, father of President Kennedy, who was probably not one of my favorite characters. Joseph Kennedy was a glorious, Irish, Catholic bigot. Roosevelt had a sense of humor in appointing him to London, and he admitted that he had only done it as a bit of a joke. Churchill found it anything but a joke when he became Prime Minister.

Kennedy had a habit of reporting back to Washington the truth! When Kennedy went to ask Chamberlain, the Prime Minister, why he shouldn’t have Churchill in his cabinet, Chamberlain’s reply was that “the man was very unstable and he’s become a fine two-fisted drinker.” Churchill knew what Kennedy was reporting because we were reading the American diplomatic codes as well, and Churchill did everything he could to get rid of Kennedy – by fair means or foul. In fact, as his diaries make plain (we’ve got certain fragments of Kennedy’s diaries, which are quite interesting, because he was viciously anti-Semitic), Kennedy believed that Churchill was capable of stooping to anything to bring the United States in to war. In one telegram he reports back to Washington that he thinks that Churchill is on the point of bombing the U.S. Embassy in London. He believed that Churchill, in 1940, was about to bomb the American Embassy in London and claim that the Germans had done it! Later on, in 1940, when Kennedy decides to go back to Florida for a vacation, he takes the plane down to Lisbon, and he boards the USS Manhattan to sail back across the Atlantic, and in a bit of a panic because he knows who he’s dealing with, he’s dealing with Churchill, he sends a telegram to the State Department saying: Please, will you announce that if the USS Manhattan is torpedoed and sunk, it will not be considered a casus belli, that the United States will not declare war over this because I have reason to believe that Churchill is planning to torpedo the USSManhattan knowing that I’m on board!” Now these telegrams are not contained in the published volumes of the foreign relations of the United States. I found them in the archives (they are in Suitland, Maryland), and I quoted them in the first volume of my Churchill biography as well as even more hilarious telegrams in the subsequent volume. They do show that Kennedy had correctly assessed what Churchill was up to. He was trying to drag the United States into the war by hook or by crook.

In the middle of 1940 Churchill hit on the idea of buying from the United States, 50 World War I destroyers, which were completely useless, and exchanging them for valuable pieces of British Empire real estate. He gave to the United States bits of the Caribbean islands, that were our colonies, bits of Newfoundland, and bits of British Guiana, in return for 50 destroyers, that were so useless, in fact, that not one saw action in World War Two — except, I think, for theCampbelltown which was only fit to be towed across the English Channel laden with dynamite and blown up in the French dock gates in St. Nazaire in March 1942. It wasn’t a very good bargain, in other words. In the words of Adolf Berle, the American undersecretary of state, writing in his diary: “With one single gulp we have managed to obtain a large part of the British Empire, in return for nothing.” Namely those 50 destroyers. This was one of the methods that Churchill was using in an attempt to bring the United States closer and closer to the brink of war.

Another method that he used was far more cynical. As he said to Ambassador Kennedy in June or July 1940: “You watch, when Adolf Hitler begins bombing London and bombing towns in Britain like Boston and Lincoln, towns with their counterparts in the United States, you Americans will have to come in, won’t you, you can’t just stand aside and watch our suffering.” But he knew from code-breaking, he knew from reading the German air force signals, which were broken on May 26, 1940, that Hitler had given orders that no British town was to be bombed. London was completely embargoed. The German air force was allowed to bomb ports and harbors and dockyards, but not towns as such. Churchill was greatly aggrieved by this. He wondered how much longer Hitler could afford carrying on war like this. Hitler, as we know, carried on until September 1940 without bombing any English towns. The embargo stayed in force, we can see it in the German archives now, and we know from the code-breaking of the German signals, that Churchill was reading Hitler’s orders to the German air force: not on any account to bomb these towns. So there was no way that we could drag in the Americans that way unless we could provoke Hitler to do it. Which was why, on August 25, 1940, Churchill gave the order to the British air force to go and bomb Berlin. Although the chief of the bomber command and the chief of staff of the British air force warned him that if we bombed Hitler, he may very well lift the embargo on British towns. And Churchill just twinkled. Because that was what he wanted — of course.

The Blitz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At 9:15 that morning he telephoned personally the bomber commander, himself, to order the bombing of Berlin — one hundred bombers to go and bomb Berlin. They went out and bombed Berlin that night, and Hitler still didn’t move. Then Churchill ordered another raid on Berlin, and so it went on for the next seven or ten days until finally, on September 4th, Hitler lost his patience and made that famous speech in the Sport Palace in Berlin in which he said: “This madman has bombed Berlin now seven times. If he bombs Berlin now once more, then I shall not only just attack their towns, I shall wipe them out!” (“Ich werde ihre Städte ausradieren! ” ) A very famous speech. Of course German schoolchildren are told about the Hitler speech, but not told about what went first. They’re not told how Churchill set out deliberately to provoke the bombing of his own capital. And on the following day Churchill ordered Berlin bombed again. And now of course the Germans started bombing the docks in London, the East End of London, finally the city of London and the West End on November 6 and 7, 1940. In September 1940, 7,000 Londoners were killed in the bombing as the result of Churchill’s deliberate provocation. The files are there, the archives are there. No wonder Harold Macmillan didn’t want my book published!

Still the Americans didn’t come in. Kennedy was still the ambassador. Churchill moved heaven and earth to have him dismissed and recalled to the United States. Churchill, you see, had been secretly conniving with Roosevelt ever since the outbreak of the war. In fact, we have to say that although these telegrams, from October 1939 onwards, showed Churchill conniving with Roosevelt, we have to wonder what went on between these two men in private, even before the exchange of telegrams. I think, personally, that secret emissaries passed to and fro between these two men.

We know that Roosevelt sent Judge Felix Frankfurter, one of his closest intimates and advisors, to Britain. We know that Frankfurter came over, and we know the kind of advice he gave to Churchill, and that was before the war. We know that Churchill frequently sent his own intimates back to Roosevelt. More significantly we know that even though Churchill was only a minister at that time, not even Prime Minister, just the First Sea Lord, the navy minister, Roosevelt telephoned him, frequently.

I don’t know, frankly, why Neville Chamberlain put up with it as the Prime Minister: that the president, the head of state of a neutral power, should go over the head of the Prime Minister, behind his back, behind the back of his own cabinet, in telephone conversations in time of war with a minister, with a subordinate minister, an ambitious subordinate minister, in the shape of Winston Churchill. Possibly because Chamberlain was tapping the telephone and preferred to have a devil he did know to a devil he didn’t know! Unfortunately, these telephone conversations between Churchill and Roosevelt, which went on long after Churchill became prime minister, of course, are not in the archives. I have left no stone unturned to try and find the transcripts of those telephone conversations, because that is the two men speaking to each other, through their own mouths and ears and the telephone system. Not through committees, not through telegrams being drafted by undersecretaries and so on, but they were really conferring, conspiring, and conniving with each other.

In the United States these telephone conversations were censored and intercepted by the Department of the Navy. It was the Navy’s job to carry out the censorship of the telephone and telegraphic communications in the United States. And unfortunately Harry Truman — no great statesman, God bless him, in the best of times — at the end of World War Two ordered that the office-of-censorship records were to be kept closed in perpetuity. So if those transcripts of those telephone conversations are in those files, we’re never going to know what those two men said to each other. But we need to know what they said to each other. In Britain, unfortunately, no transcripts have been released. I find it inconceivable that there isn’t somewhere down the telephone line, at each end, there wasn’t a shorthand secretary somewhere taking down what these two men said.

There’s no doubt at all that they did their major work on the telephone. When Rudolph Hess made his misguided flight to Scotland in 1941, and Churchill kept him locked up under lock and key as the secret prisoner of the British secret service, Roosevelt was desperate to find out about what was going on in Britain, and wanted to have some special propaganda movies made of Rudolph Hess. Finally one of Roosevelt’s private staff wrote him a memorandum, which I think is highly significant. The memorandum said: “I think it’s time for a telephone job.” A telephone job! As though it’s a kind of key word — a buzz word — inside the White House. The memorandum goes on: “This isn’t one which we can put around through the usual channels in the State Department — it’s got to be done by a telephone job.” I think these are the channels that historians should start looking for when they’re trying to find out about the lead up to Pearl Harbor. They’ve got to get those transcripts of those telephone conversations.

Southampton Blitz

There’s a key cabinet meeting of November 7, 1941, a cabinet meeting that was referred to in the Henry Stimson diary and in the private diary of Claude Wickard, oddly enough the Secretary of Agriculture. You wouldn’t think you’d find military secrets in the diary of the Secretary of Agriculture, but that’s just the kind of place that I look. I remember I was sitting in the archives next to Arthur Schlesinger, the famous writer on Roosevelt, and I drew his attention to these Wickard diaries, handwritten diaries recording Roosevelt’s cabinet meetings, which are not recorded officially anywhere else. And Schlesinger’s jaw dropped and he said: “Jeez, I didn’t know there were these things.” On November 7, 1941, Roosevelt held a cabinet meeting in which he revealed that Churchill had telephoned him a few days earlier, and recommended a preemptive attack on Japan. You see, now you’re beginning to get the picture of who is pushing whom! We were trying to get the United States in the war somehow, by hook or by crook! And the methods we used in those pre-war years, and in the first years of the Second World War, to bring the United States in — I think are methods you’ve never even dreamed of.

First of all, we were the ones, I’m sure, in a telephone conversation between Churchill and Roosevelt on the night of the 24th to 25th of July 1941, who persuaded Roosevelt to take the fateful step of issuing sanctions against Japan, sanctions whereby Japan would receive no more oil, no more vital raw materials, sanctions which drove Japan into a corner because oil was running out. She was fighting a war in China, and had no other way of continuing that war. Unless she went to war herself against, for example, the Dutch East Indies, where she could get hold of the oil she needed. I think that it was Churchill who took that step. We had been doing all we could in the 1940-1941 period to drag the United States in. We had deliberately routed the American convoys toward German submarines.

Sir William Stephenson, remember, the man called “Intrepid,” the head of the British secret service in the United States – Sir William Stephenson had been feeding fake documents to Roosevelt through the intelligence service of the OSS, to William Donovan, Wild Bill, the man we ourselves had appointed the head of the American secret service — an extraordinary coincidence you might think. We were feeding documents to him to feed on to Roosevelt proving to him [Roosevelt] that Hitler was about to invade South America. For example, an unfortunate major, Elias Del Monte, who was the Bolivian military attache in Berlin, found his signature at the foot of a letter that he had written to his government at La Paz describing German plans to invade Bolivia. Fortunately Del Monte was recalled immediately to La Paz, cashiered and dismissed. Bolivia declared war on Germany. All the result of a letter which we ourselves (the British secret service) had faked. All this came out in 1972. When it came out, Del Monte, who was still alive, was reinstated with full honors, promoted to general, and there was a grand parade in his honor at La Paz. One of the extraordinary episodes of World War II!

A British intelligence agent duped the governor of Dutch Guyana into believing that a German raider was busy in their waters. So that country also declared war on Germany. August 2, 1941, we passed fake documents to Bogota claiming evidence of plans to cause rioting in Bogota. The Colombians didn’t play along. In 1942 we went a stage further. Now this is not a rather shaky memory presented forty years later on “60 Minutes,” but is recorded in the State Department archives. In May 1942, the American ambassador in Bogota sends a rather worried telegram to the State Department saying that I have been approached by our British counterpart saying that the head of their SIS section, Stagg, attached to their embassy in Bogota, has received orders from his headquarters to assassinate the Colombian foreign minister, and has requested the American embassy for technical assistance in carrying out his mission. Are we to go ahead with this? And the State Department wrote right back “You are not to go ahead with this! We totally disagree with this kind of operation, and we are getting rather fed up with what British secret service getting up to in South America!”

London Blitz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I was puzzled about this. I thought had this unfortunate Colombian foreign minister got a record of neo-Nazi activities, perhaps? Was he a disbeliever in the Holocaust? Was there some reason to justify his being terminated — I think that’s the modern phrase — by the British secret service?

So I went to great trouble. I checked all the diplomatic books, looked up all the Staggs in the archives, and found a Louis Stagg, who had been honorary consul in Graham Greenesque fashion in Havana, Cuba, and who eventually had been posted further to South America. He was alive and well and living in Paris. I went to interview him and yes, it was true: he had been instructed to assassinate the Colombian Foreign Minister. So I contacted the Colombian authorities. Could they give me a small cameo of this Minister? Was he particularly pro-German? “Oh no, he was very pro-British!” The plot thickens. Why would we want to assassinate a pro- British Colombian Foreign Minister in May, 1942? The answer is: he was due to retire anyway, at the end of that month! And the blame was going to be put on the Germans for carrying out the assassination! This is all in volume two. Needless to say Macmillan is probably not going to publish this one either.

On Navy Day, October 27, 1941, Roosevelt issued a statement on American ship sinkings. “History has recorded who fired the first shot,” he said. Hitler has often protested that his plans of conquest do not extend across the Atlantic ocean. His submarines and raiders prove otherwise. So does the entire design of his new World Order.” For example, says Roosevelt, “I have in my possession a secret map made in Germany by Hitler’s government — by the planners of the New World Order.” In fact, printed by Her Majesty’s Stationers office in London. “It is a map of South America and a part of Central America as Hitler proposes to organize it. Today in this little area there are fourteen separate countries. The geographical experts of Berlin, however, have ruthlessly obliterated all existing boundary lines and have divided South American into five vassal states, bringing the whole continent under their domination. This map makes clear the Nazi design, not only against South America, but against the United States itself.”

I must say that since I’m an Englishman – we must take credit for this kind of thing — we printed that map, we gave it to Stephenson, the man called “Intrepid,” who gave it to Donovan, who gave it to the OSS, who gave it to the White House, who gave it to the president, who gave it eventually to the Roosevelt archives, where it is now to be seen in the Roosevelt Library in Hyde Park, New York The genuine fake Nazi map proving that Hitler was planning to invade South America. As though Hitler hadn’t had enough on his plate! At a time when he was having a lot of trouble outside of Moscow, he was apparently planning, with his left hand to invade South America and then march on up [highway] U.S. 1 to Washington.

Now, was Roosevelt being naive? The answer is No, of course. He knew perfectly well that this had been furnished him by the British secret service. He was trying to frighten his own public into wanting war.

The other people who were coming into Churchill’s court in this particular match were the Zionists. They had been giving Churchill a lot of trouble, in fact, ever since the beginning of the war. They were rather unhappy because they had gone a long way towards financing his climb to power in the mid-1930s. But now that he was in office, as happens so often, he wanted them to go away. But they didn’t. They kept on beating a path to No. 10 Downing Street, asking for a Jewish army, asking for an arsenal of munitions in Palestine, and threatening a lot of trouble if he didn’t go along with their plans.

Churchill had, however, no other alternative but to ignore them for the time being. You see, there was a rising tide of anti-Jewish feeling in Britain throughout the early war years. You won’t find this in the published histories, of course, but it’s there in the archives: in the records of the letters censorship in Britain, in the records of the ministry of the interior, the home secretary. There’s a great deal about the problems being caused by anti-Semitic feelings. Nobody in authority could overlook the rising tide of anti-Jewish feeling in Britain. I’ve written on this in volume two. The stereotype of the lazy, artful, racketeering Jew, is to be found in the private writings of many government officers, including Anthony Eden. In part it was an after-echo of Hitler’s propaganda, in part the independent perception by the native British people themselves, who had seen the penniless immigrants arrive from Europe and rise to positions of rapid affluence. I quote from a document: “The growth of anti- Semitism in Britain is partly the result of Jewish refugees being able to fend for themselves better than other refugees,” wrote Robert Bruce Lockhart, the shrewd director of Psychological Warfare, commenting on publicly reported black-market cases. He would remark in a later wartime entry in his diary on the large numbers of taxis “filled with Jews” making for the Ascot horse races. In March 1941 he learned that Lord Beaverbrook had inquired about Air Vice-Marshal John Slessor, “Was he a Jew, was he a defeatist?” In July Eden’s secretary observed in his diary: “The war hasn’t made people more pro-Jew,” to which he added three weeks later: “The Jews are their own worst enemy by their conduct in cornering foodstuffs and evacuating themselves to the best billets,” and so on.

The insidious rise of anti-Semitic feeling was something which Churchill could not ignore. So no matter how often Zionists came to him, Churchill couldn’t knuckle under and say, “Very well then, you can have your own Jewish state. I promise to make a public declaration in that respect, and we will already start arming a Jewish army.” There were Jewish units in the British army. They fought very well in certain areas, but he was not prepared to pay more than lip-service to the Zionists at this time.

Now, I’ve had private access to the private papers of Chaim Weizmann, who was the first president of the State of Israel and who was the head of the Jewish agency. And it’s very interesting to see from these private papers and the records of his meetings with Churchill throughout the war years, precisely how this bargaining, haggling, and blackmail, in fact, went on.

On August 27, 1941, Weizmann hinted for the first time of the leverage the Americans Jews could exert on President Roosevelt. He reminded Oliver Harvey, who was Eden’s secretary, that the Jews were an influential ethnic lobby in the United States. (Quoi de neuf? as the French say: What’s new!). The U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, Henry Morgenthau Jr., was particularly keen, he said, that Britain should allow more Jews to settle in Palestine. “[The] president’s entourage is very Jewish,” noted Harvey, who made a careful note of Weizmann’s remarks. However, the Zionist leader could not get near Mr. Churchill. (Ike got Churchill’s appointment cards. I rented them from the man who stole them, and we can see how often Weizmann didn’t get to see Churchill.)

By September 10, 1941, Weizmann was writing an extraordinarily outspoken letter to Prime Minister Churchill in which he again recalled how the Jews of the United States had pulled their country into war before, and could do it again — provided that Britain toed the Zionist line over immigration into Palestine. He reminded Churchill that two years had passed since the Jewish Agency had offered to Britain the support of the Jews in Palestine and throughout the world. A whole year had passed, he added, since the prime minister had personally approved his offer to recruit Jews in Palestine. But for two years, Weizmann complained, the Jewish Agency had met only rebuffs and humiliation.

“Tortured by Hitler as no nation has ever been in modern times,” he continued, “and advertised by him as his foremost enemy, we are refused by those who fight him the chance of seeing our name and our flag appear amongst those arrayed against him.” Artfully associating the anti-Zionists with the other enemies populating Mr. Churchill’s mind, Weizmann assured him that he knew this exclusion was not of his own [Churchill’s] doing. “It is the work of people who were responsible for Munich and for the 1939 White Paper on Palestine.” After describing his four-month tour in the United States, Weizmann came to his real sales pitch. There’s only one big ethnic group which is willing to stand to a man for Great Britain and a policy of all-out aid to her: the five million American Jews. From Secretary Morgenthau, Governor Lehman [of New York State], Justice Felix Frankfurter, down to the simplest Jewish workman or trader, they are conscious of all that this struggle against Hitler implies.” British statesmen themselves, he reminded Churchill, had often acknowledged that it was those Jews who has effectively brought the United States into the war in 1917. “They are keen to do it, and may do it again.”

“But,” he admonished, “you are dealing with human beings, with flesh and blood. And the most elementary feeling of self- respect sets limits to service, however willing, if the response is nothing but rebuffs and humiliation.” All that he was asking for now was a formation of a Jewish fighting force. That would be signal enough for the Jews of the United States.

This is the kind of blackmail that Churchill had to put up with from the Zionists throughout the Second World War. And of course, when the blackmail didn’t work they set about assassinating our people in the Middle East. It’s an odd thing that is often forgotten by the admirers of Begin and Shamir and the rest of them, that when the rest of the world was fighting Hitler the Zionists in the Middle East were fighting us! They had nothing better to do with their time!

Felix Frankfurter, in fact, crops up in the Japanese intercepts. Sure enough, on November 18, 1941, the Japanese found a man called Schmidt who had gone and had a long talk with Justice Felix Frankfurter. The message intercepted (by the U.S. Navy and decoded by them) is a telegram in code from Nomura in Washington to Tokyo describing his talks with Schmidt, who had seen Frankfurter on the evening of the eighteenth. Schmidt had said that only Hitler would benefit if a U.S.-Japanese war broke out. If Japan made the first move, the war would be popular in America. Frankfurter, however, said: “Germany had been smart in that she has consistently done everything possible to prevent arousing the United States. Therefore, regardless of how much the President tries to fan the anti-German flame, he cannot make the desired headway.”

Now what a scandalous statement that is! Here’s the one country, Germany, trying to prevent a war and the other country — Roosevelt, neutral — trying to fan the flames of anti-German feeling to fuel the war. Yet it is the Germans who are called the criminals, and the Americans who do the prosecuting. And it all turns up in this Japanese signal about Frankfurter and another Austrian Jew called Schmidt.

So then came the problem of Japan: How to drag the United States in. I come back to the fact that we were very probably reading the Japanese signals at a higher level then the Americans were capable of reading. We had been in the code breaking business much longer than the Americans. By 1940 we had 3,000 code-breakers working in our Bletchley Park installations, and we had sub-units operating, devoting themselves exclusivly to breaking the Japanese signals. They were compartmented so that each group didn’t necessarily know what the others were doing. At a time when we had 3,000 working on it the Americans had 180! So it’s no surprise that we were doing better than the Americans at this time. We were reading, I think, the Japanese fleet code JN25. When we now go into the American archives we find the JN25 signals that the Americans managed to break several years later, signals from three or four weeks before Pearl Harbor, which show quite clearly that if anybody read those signals they would know that Pearl Harbor was going to be attacked.

I think that it is a reasonable conclusion for us to draw — a conclusion based on the fact that we are too ashamed to reveal any of our Japanese intercepts in the British archives — that we were, in fact, reading JN25 intercepts in 1941. Churchill, in whose hands all of the threads of the intelligence community came together. Churchill, with his Olympian view of what was going on around him, was the man who insisted that the war intelligence be fed to him uncensored, unedited and unscreened. Churchill knew by the middle of November of 1941 that the Japanese were about to attack America, and quite probably he knew the attack was going to be on the Pacific Fleet in Hawaii. He probably never dreamed that it was going to be so successful as it was. But we know what he did know about the other elements of the intelligence puzzle because there are references in the British and in the American archives to steps that he then took. We know that he knew that on December the first, second, third, and fourth, those days before Pearl Harbor, the Japanese had sent out signals to their embassies in London, and in Washington, and Hong Kong and Singapore — of course, to their diplomatic missions abroad — to destroy their code machines.

Now, when you tell your foreign ambassador to destroy his code machines, that’s a pretty final step. That means something is about to happen — something very ugly. And if you then tell him also to use special chemicals to destroy all the secret files, that falls in the same category. And that also makes plain why you are then going to rely on your foreign ambassador to listen out for a cryptic weather report message, as being the final clue to when and where that ugly thing is going to happen.

We got those messages. We intercepted Tokyo instructing the Japanese ambassador in Berlin to go and tell Hitler that war was about to break out sooner than anyone may dream. We intercepted the messages to the Japanese embassy in London, and in Washington and in Hong Kong, and in Singapore, instructing the Japanese ambassador to destroy his code machines, and to use chemicals to destroy all his secret files.

On December the 7th, Pearl Harbor day, Churchill invited the American ambassador, no longer John Kennedy, but a rather soft, flabby liberal, John G. Winant, to come and see him, and have lunch and dinner with him out at his private house at Chequers, a stage where so many dramatic events in Churchill’s life had taken place. The opening and closing of windows to which he referred. Lunch passed normally. When dinnertime came, Churchill, rather mysteriously, ordered his little American-built portable radio to be set up on the dinner table. It had been given to him by a visiting American, Hopkins, a few months before, a $20 radio set of a kind that when you opened the lid, it came on. But in those days, if you remember, it didn’t come right on, it took a minute or two to warm up. And Churchill didn’t quite grasp these new-fangled things, portable radio-sets, and he looked at his watch for the nine o’clock news – in England always the main news time — and lifted the lid. The news that finally came trickling through was of a great British operation in the Western desert Operation Crusader, a battle against Rommel. The battle is proceeding well, Montgomery expects to make fresh headway tomorrow, and the rest of it.

And Churchill couldn’t understand what had gone wrong. Eventually, rather disgruntled, he closes the lid and takes the radio away. It isn’t until fifteen minutes later that his butler comes rushing in, and says to the prime minister: “Have you heard the news? The Japanese have bombed the American fleet at Pearl Harbor!”

If you read Churchill’s memoirs, you will see this little scene half described. If you read Winant’s memoirs -which I’ve read in the manuscript form in his papers — you see the same scene described from Winant’s point of view. But it isn’t until you go to the BBC’s archives and get the script of that nights broadcast that you see what’s happened. The news of the bombing of Pearl Harbor has come in only a minute or two before the news broadcast. So the broadcaster has taken his first page of his script, which is all about the successful triumph of the British offensive in the Western Desert in Africa — on top of that he has written in one line saying that “We are getting reports of a Japanese attack on the American fleet in Pearl Harbor. More about this later.” Then he goes straight on, a matter of 10 or 15 seconds to talk about the attack against Rommel. Right at the end of the news broadcast he says, “Now back to the main item of today’s news, which is coming in, about the Japanese attack upon Pearl Harbor.” And if you look at the BBC script — the actual typescript — you can see how this happened : Churchill had expected to get that first item. That’s why the radio was on the table. He didn’t get it. That little scene is proof in my mind that Churchill knew about Pearl Harbor.

If you go into the Boston University Library, you’ll find another little clue. This is in the private diary of British newspaper man Cecil King. He was the director and editorial chief of our tabloid, fringe newspapers, the Mirror andPictorial group of newspapers during the war years. He wrote genuine diaries, which filled two suitcases. Little pocket diaries, written in fountain-pen-ink. You can always tell when diaries like that are genuine, for when you write a genuine diary, the ink changes a little bit from day to day: these are genuine diaries. A few days after Pearl Harbor, Cecil King writes in his diary. “Had a most interesting lunch with Hugh Cudlip.” Now Hugh Cudlip was another famous British newspaper owner and proprietor. Not just a nobody, but somebody who moved in high circles, somebody who the big wigs in Downing Street couldn’t ignore. Cecil King writes in his diary: “Interesting lunch with Hugh Cudlip. He has told me the most extraordinary fact, that we knew about Pearl Harbor five days in advance!” There it is, a little clue, where you wouldn’t expect to see it, that we knew about Pearl Harbor five days in advance.

Churchill telephoned Roosevelt as soon as the news came over, as soon as he had confirmation of the attack and said: “Now we are all in the same boat.” If you look in the papers of those who were with Roosevelt in those days, you will find more evidence of faking. Harry Hopkins, for example, that day wrote a one page typescript description of his session with Roosevelt, and it’s a glowing description of how Roosevelt turns to him and says: “I have done all I can to prevent wars. All my life I’ve been dedicated to preventing just what has happened today.” But what you spot there is that they are retyped. All Harry Hopkins’ other papers are rather messy: there are little bits of typescript on odd scraps of paper, typed and overtyped and with additions. But on Pearl Harbor it’s a beautiful typescript — it has been recopied at a later date. So again you get the evidence that something is going on between these two men, Churchill and Roosevelt, that isn’t quite kosher.

Frances Perkins, the labor secretary, wrote in an oral interview years later that she caught a glimpse of the old man’s eyes in a cabinet meeting at the White House that night, a kind of shifty glimpse that she knew from years of working with him, an unwillingness to look her in the eye, which told her he knew that he had done something dirty. But she couldn’t be precisely sure what. And so it was with Winston Churchill. Churchill was convinced that he had done the decent thing. Professor Donald Watt, one of our great English historians now, has commented that the suspicion must arise that Churchill deliberately courted war with Japan in order to bring America in. This is true, he went over the top in pushing America towards war. I think that Churchill deliberately allowed the attack on Pearl Harbor to go ahead in order to bring the Americans in. He did everything to avoid having the Pacific Fleet warned.

Commenting on this, Sir Richard Craigie, the British Ambassador in Japan, who was horrified when war broke out, said in a memo that we had taken every step that was wrong. We could have avoided war with Japan, we could have kept the Japanese out, and yet everything that we’ve done has brought them in. Churchill commented in 1943 on this memorandum: “It was a blessing that Japan attacked the United States, and thus brought America unitedly and wholeheartedly into the war. Greater good fortune has rarely happened to the British Empire than this event which has revealed our friends and foes in their true light, and may lead, through the merciless crushing of Japan, to a new relationship of immense benefit to the English-speaking countries and to the whole world.”

That was Churchill. But of course, the benefit was not ours or the Empire’s. Within six months we had lost every single possession we had in the far east. Singapore, Hong Kong, Burma — the Japanese even seemed on the point of invading India. It was the beginning of the end of the Empire. In fact, we never got those colonies back. They were gone. So how Churchill can regard that as being a grand effort is only explicable from the point of remembering that Churchill was half American. His mother was American. He was never really a true Englishman.

The only blessing for President Roosevelt, in conclusion, was when Churchill came to the White House. That December Churchill came to the White House, where he had his first conference with Roosevelt, who was now in the same boat. Churchill would afterward say to one of his chiefs of staff, who was still using the same delicate language used in the pre-Pearl Harbor days, about the need to avoid creating a war with Japan with the United States out. Churchill had said: “We can now speak more robustly. We only had to use that kind of language when we were wooing the Americans. Now she is in the harem with us. All in one boat!” When Churchill went to the White House that month, December 1941, he bestowed on Roosevelt that same “Order of the Bath, Companion of the Bath,” which he has bestowed on many of his friends. Churchill sent for the president to come see him in his room. The president was wheeled in, creaking in his wheelchair along the floorboards of the White House, and he found Churchill standing there stark naked in front of him! Thereby Roosevelt became a Companion of the Bath. He was in the hot water up to his eyeballs with Winston Churchill.

Until those gaps in the archives are filled in, we’re not going to be entirely sure what dirty tricks we employed in order to drag him in, but I’ve given you a foretaste of what is in volume two of Churchill’s War.

The rise of the ‘Far Right’ in Greece.

It looks like the half decade long rape of Greece and it’s people is causing a bit of a backlash, who would have thought a proud people would stand up for themselves, or react to being violated again and again and again, who would have thought that being humiliated internationally would cause people to question their democratic leaders?

ATHENS, Greece (AP) — Reeling from a vicious financial crisis that has cost them pensions and jobs, Greeks have been turning away in droves from the mainstream politicians they feel have let them down. Another political force is trying to tap the void, with blunt promises to “clean up” the country.

It’s one that could see Europe’s most extreme far right deputies take up seats in Greece’s Parliament in crucial May 6 elections.

Black-clad Golden Dawn members have been storming across the campaign trail across Greece, stopping to chat at cafes and shops, handing out fliers promising security in crime-ridden neighborhoods – and vowing to kick out immigrants.

Greece’s borders, they say, must be sealed with land mines to stop illegal crossing into a country that became the entry point for 90 percent of the European Union’s illegal migrants. Authorities estimate there are about 1 million migrants living in this country of 11 million.

Appealing to populist sentiment, Golden Dawn has been gathering donations of food and clothing to deliver to the needy while pledging to make politicians accountable for the crisis. Ordinary Greeks are struggling under tough conditions demanded for rescue loan deals that have pushed the country into a fifth year of recession.

“Golden Dawn stands against this corrupt system of power. All those who are responsible for the waste of public money must go to jail. That is our priority,” said Ilias Kasidiaris, a 31-year-old party member who served in the Greek army’s special forces.

Around him, the party offices in downtown Athens were a hive of activity, with newcomers dropping in and the membership list growing by the day. In the back, T-shirts and caps are for sale marked with the party logo, taken from the ancient Greek meander, a motif resembling the swastika and often seen on ancient mosaics, carvings and wall paintings.

Firmly on the fringe of the right since it first appeared 20 years ago, Golden Dawn garnered a meager 0.23 percent in the 2009 elections. Now, it looks set to easily win more than the 3 percent threshold needed to enter Parliament, with recent opinion polls showing support at about 5 percent.

Source

Golden Dawn Protester - AP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The rise of the so-called ‘far right’ is the inevitable result of the half century of having our governments run for the sake of mega corporations, importing cheap third world labour was great for the all important ‘economic growth‘, it was great for the stock markets and profit margins of large international banks and corporations, but has gutted the earning power of the workers, it has robbed the middle class of their futures, and has imperilled our race. If I didn’t think the international elites were so dumb, I would think that they have secretly been wanting to see how far they could push us before we voted for the ‘far right‘.

This crisis is the result of disastrous misrule of our nations by these elites, they were all-powerful after the last war and, through idealism, cynicism, perhaps even some common sense, they decided to concentrate power globally, using Europe as a guinea pig, NAFTA and other trade organisations were then set up, then common currencies became the goal and just at the moment when their promised world state was just about coming into view, they go and ruin their chance, and probably their only chance of a unified world by allowing the money creators, and parasite bankers to plunge the world into the greatest crisis we have seen for at least 80 years, and this crisis isn’t even begun. The outstanding debt is now worse for everyone, China is on the brink, Europe is slowly unravelling, the United States is coming to the inevitable bankruptcy that its enormous debt has now fated it to.

But the elites have done NOTHING in the last five years, but make the crisis worse, none of them seem to have any idea how to deal with the unfolding collapse of the entire world, which is now mathematically certain, perhaps some of them do realise this, and this is the reason for so many bankers suddenly quitting their jobs? I wonder if they’ve already moved themselves and families into the countryside or bought islands to protect themselves when the inevitable happens?

When the elite in power does nothing at all for its people, they will be cast aside, they have been tolerated thus far, because most people thought they were doing ok, they could live their lives, they could make their fortunes, if they were smart or lucky enough, they could get their pensions and benefits, and they could go on holiday, and go out a few times a month. Now, there are increasing numbers of people who can’t even do this, and we all know that majorities don’t lead revolutions, don’t we?

The few smart elitists, will eventually jump ship and come over to us, not because they agree with us, but they want to continue to be an elite, the dumb elites, will either run away and hide, or they will be killed or imprisoned and have all their traceable wealth taken from them. When we see elitists beginning to support parties like Golden Dawn or the BNP or Front National, then we shall know the time is near.