Constitution of the Commonwealth
We the People, in humble submission to Almighty God, do recognise our responsibility to uphold and exalt Christian values and norms, and acknowledge the sovereignty and guidance of Almighty God in all things. Furthermore, to ensure Justice, Peace and Freedom for our peoples, we recognise me must institute among ourselves a government which shall be limited in its power, just in its purpose and Honourable toward all men. We hereby ordain and establish the following constitution;
ARTICLE I – RIGHTS & LIBERTIES
Everyone shall be free and shall have all their Rights and Liberties undiminished.
Everyones Right to life shall be protected by Law, whether born or unborn. No one shall be deprived of his life intentionally save in the execution of a sentence of a Court, following his conviction of a crime for which this penalty is provided by Law.
No one shall be subjected to torture, or cruel and unusual punishments or treatment.
No one shall be held in slavery or be required to perform forced or compulsory labour, save in the execution of a sentence of a Court, following his conviction of a crime for which this penalty is provided by Law.
Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property. The right to own, maintain, use, protect and dispose of private property will not be infringed, nor shall private property be taken for public use.
No Law limiting the freedom of speech, or the right of the people to peacefully assemble, or to petition Government for a redress of grievance, shall be made. Excepting if it is an overt part of an incitement to violence, armed riot, insurrection, blasphemy, obscenity or indecency.
The Right to leave and enter this Commonwealth shall not be abridged, except in times of war. The Freedom to travel without passports, visas or other forms of registration, between, among or within the constituent entities shall be guaranteed. This does not, however, imply the right to live or settle in any constituent entity.
The Right of the People to be secure in their persons, properties, homes, papers, communications, stored information and effects, against unreasonable searches, monitoring, interception and seizures, shall not be violated, whether by Government or private parties, and warrants shall only be issued upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and describing the person, place or thing to be monitored, intercepted, searched or seized.
The right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.
The right of peaceful self-determination for minorities and dissenters shall be guaranteed.
No man shall be held to answer for a crime unless indicted, nor shall any man be tried for the same offence twice, nor be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of Law.
In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall have the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial Jury, within the community the crime has been committed, to be informed of the accusation, to be confronted with the witnesses against him, to obtain witnesses in his favour and to have legal assistance for his defence.
The privilege of the writ of Habeas corpus shall not be suspended.
No man shall be fined, except in proportion to the degree of his offence, and his ability to pay. No fines shall be imposed except by the assessment of a Jury.
Excessive bail shall not be required.
In civil suits where the value in contention shall exceed an amount fixed by Law, the Right of trial by Jury shall be preserved and shall not be re-examined in any other Court, than according to Law.
ARTICLE II – PROHIBITIONS
Women shall be prohibited from voting in any, or standing for, election or appointment to any public office.
No one of any other race, creed or ethnicity shall be permitted to settle in this Commonwealth. They shall not be able to hold any Rights to any land, they shall not own or control a company, business or corporation. They shall be prohibited from having any involvement in our media, entertainment, news outlets, educational facilities, governments or politics. The Rights and Liberties described in this Constitution shall not apply to any alien.
Miscegenation is prohibited. Those guilty of such and offence shall be banished from all Commonwealth territory, forever. Those guilty of miscegenation and their tainted offspring and all descendants shall shall be prohibited, in perpetuity, from entering into any Commonwealth territory and they shall forfeit all Rights and privileges as citizens.
Secret societies, including, but not limited to, the Freemasons, Rosicrucians, and the Illuminati are prohibited, and membership of them shall be a capital crime, anyone taking part in them shall be liable to indictment, prosecution and if found guilty, punishment.
The organisation of political parties is prohibited. Party and strife have caused much damage to our people, to prevent further damage, no political party shall be organised.
Usury in all its forms, shall be prohibited. Those guilty of usurious actions shall be liable to indictment, prosecution and punishment.
ARTICLE III – THE COMMONWEALTH
The institutions of the Commonwealth shall be:
The General Assembly;
The High Council;
The Supreme Court;
The Civil Service;
The Commonwealth Cities;
The Constituent Entities.
ARTICLE IV – THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
SECTION I – LEGISLATIVE POWER
In order to obtain the general consent of the People, Senators and Delegates shall be summoned to a General Assembly, in which all legislative powers herein described shall be vested. The General Assembly shall consist of a Senate and House of Delegates.
SECTION II – THE HOUSE OF DELEGATES
The House of Delegates shall be composed of members chosen every third year by the constituent entities, the manner of their election shall be decided by each constituent entity.
Each constituent entity may choose however many Delegates they wish, the Delegation shall attend the General Assembly and each Delegate may speak in the House of Delegates. However, each Delegation shall be entitled to only one vote. The House of Delegates may allow Delegations from non territorial entities, which shall in all cases have the same Rights and privileges as all other Delegations.
Delegates shall, when elected, be an inhabitant of the constituent entity for which they shall be chosen.
When vacancies happen in the Delegation from any constituent entity, that constituent entity or the executive or legislature thereof, may fill such vacancies as they deem proper.
The House of Delegates shall choose their speaker and other officers, and shall have sole power of impeachment over them.
SECTION III – THE SENATE
The Senate shall be composed of appointed Senators and Church Leaders.
Each member of the Senate shall have one vote.
The Senate shall choose their speaker and other officers and shall have sole power of impeachment over them.
Senators shall be appointed to an open ended term and may serve as long as they desire. When they do retire or die, they may choose as their successor any other man, and the Senate need only confirm this choice by simple majority. If the Senate does not approve, his second choice shall be considered and so on, until the Senate agrees to a successor. When a Senator dies with no Will or Testament, the Senate shall offer the position to one of his family or friends who shall be suitably virtuous, learned and God fearing. If a Senator is removed for cause, his seat shall be offered to whomever the Senate agree is virtuous, learned and God fearing enough to be appropriate for the position.
The High Council, the Tribune and sitting Senators may nominate any man of good repute to become a new Senator. The nominations shall be considered by the sitting members, and two thirds of all Senators must agree to the creation of these new offices. Once created, the new Senators shall be like the original Senators and have all the same Rights and privileges.
Church Leaders shall be chosen by lottery, and once chosen at random they shall be offered a seat in the Senate, if one refuse, another shall be chosen by lottery until all seats are filled. The term of office for a Church Leader shall be nine years, except that the term for the initial membership shall be staggered by lot, with one third of it, ceasing from office and replaced every third year.
The General Assembly shall meet at least once in every year, on a day that they shall appoint by Law.
SECTION V – MEMBERSHIP, RULES, RECORDS & ADJOURNMENTS
A majority of each House shall constitute a quorum to do business, but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day and may be authorised to compel the attendance of absent members, in such manner and under such penalties as each House may provide.
Each House shall determine the rules of its proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behaviour and with the concurrence of two thirds, expel a member.
Each House shall keep a record of its proceedings and shall publish them, including the voting records of all members.
Neither House, during a session of the General Assembly, shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting.
SECTION VI – PRIVELEDGE
Members of the General Assembly shall not be arrested during their attendance of their respective Houses and in going to, and returning from the same, except for treason, felony or a breach of the peace. No member of the General Assembly shall be questioned, indicted or harassed for any speech or debate in either House.
No member of the General Assembly, Supreme Court Justice, Tribune or High Councillor shall, during his term in office, be appointed to any civil office of the Commonwealth Government, and no man holding any civil office shall be a member of the General Assembly, the Supreme Court, the Tribune or the High Council during his employment.
SECTION VII – LEGISLATIVE PROCESS
Every bill, order, resolution or vote to which the concurrence of the General Assembly may be necessary, except on a question of adjournment, shall be presented to the High Council: if the High Council approves, they shall sign it, but if not, they shall return it, with their objections to the House in which it originated. That House shall reconsider it, and if after such reconsideration, two thirds of that House agrees to pass the bill, order, resolution or vote, it shall be sent, along with the objections of the High Council, to the other House, which shall also reconsider the bill, order, resolution or vote and if approved by two thirds of that House also, it shall be passed. The High Council may approve and /or disapprove any part of the same bill, order, resolution or vote. In such cases, they shall designate the parts not approved and return it with their objections to the House in which the bill, order, resolution or vote originated. The same procedures shall then be used as in other bills, orders, resolutions or votes not approved by the High Council.
If within ten days, any bill is not returned from the High Council, it shall be Law as if they had signed it, unless the General Assembly is not sitting, in which case it shall not be Law.
All Acts of the General Assembly, once approved by the High Council, excepting adjournments, appointments and other procedural acts, can be put to a referendum for approval by the People. If within one hundred days of the passage of any new Law or Treaty, one fifth of all eligible voters by petition, or one third of the constituent entities request a referendum, one shall be held in as speedy a manner as is allowed, and if a majority of the voters and constituent entities approve, it shall pass, if not, the act shall not pass.
SECTION VIII – POWERS & DUTIES OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
The General Assembly shall have power to;
Lay and collect taxes, duties and imposts;
Establish, issue and regulate the currency, credit and exchange of the Commonwealth;
Regulate financial, banking, credit and insurance institutions so that they shall be designed to serve the peoples needs;
Establish standards for weights, measures, accounting and records;
Establish uniform Laws on the subject of bankruptcies throughout the Commonwealth;
Make Treaties and regulate commerce with foreign state and within the Commonwealth;
Establish, alter, consolidate or abolish such ministries, commissions, offices, agencies and other parts of the Government as may be needed to carry out any and all of the functions of Government, subject to the specific provisions of this Constitution;
Approve the appointments made to all the institutions of the Commonwealth and Government, except those chosen by electoral or Civil Service procedures;
To remove from office for cause, any member of the High Council, and any elective or appointive head of any institution, ministry, commission, office, agency or other part of Government, subject to the specific provisions in this Constitution concerning specific offices;
Co-ordinate among the constituent entities, the rules of immigration, residence and naturalisation;
Promote the progress of science and useful arts;
Plan for and regulate the development, use and conservation of the environment, for the benefit of both present and future generations;
Own, administer and supervise the development and conservation of the oceans, sea-beds and the resources thereof;
Provide assistance in the event of large scale calamities, ecological disruptions and other disasters;
To review, amend and give final approval to each budget for the Government, as submitted by the High Council and to appropriate and allocate funds for all operations and functions of the Government in accordance with the approved budgets, but subject to the right of the General Assembly to revise any appropriation not yet spent or contractually committed;
To institute such controls and regulations of technology as may be found necessary to prevent or correct widespread hazards or perils, to public health and welfare, or the environment;
Exercise exclusive jurisdiction and control over nuclear energy research, testing, and nuclear power production;
Prohibit the testing, manufacture, sale, purchase, use and possession of weapons of mass destruction;
Prevent wars and armed conflicts among the constituent entities, territories and peoples of the Commonwealth and provide the means for peaceful and just solutions of disputes and conflicts among or between the constituent entities, territories and peoples of the Commonwealth;
Define and punish felonies and breaches of International Law;
Declare war and grant letter of marque and reprisal;
Provide and maintain a navy and make rules and regulations for its governance;
Provide for calling forth the militias of the constituent entities to execute Commonwealth Laws, suppress insurrections and repel invasions and to provide for organising, training, arming, governing and disciplining the militias when employed in Commonwealth service;
To exercise exclusive legislation over all property purchased by the Commonwealth with the consent of the constituent entity in which the purchased property shall be; and
Prepare, enact, amend or repeal Laws, legislation, regulations and directions as may be found necessary or desirable, for carrying into effect the powers granted to the Government under this Constitution.
SECTION IX – WAR
All wars in which this Commonwealth shall be involved, except in the repelling of an immediate invasion or attack, must be approved explicitly by the General Assembly, through a declaration of war, which must then be submitted to the people for approval by referendum.
Every war shall be funded through a war tax, which shall be laid equally on every voter and which must be able to fund the entire war from these funds.
At times of official peace, the decision to aid, assist, or oppose any foreign government, or non-governmental movement will be reserved to the people, as individuals.
SECTION X – LIMITATIONS TO THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
No money shall be spent without an appropriation made by Law;
Records of all receipts and expenditures by Government shall be published monthly;
No tax shall be laid on incomes, capital gains, inheritances, property or gifts;
No monies shall be borrowed at any time, Government shall live within its means;
No bill of attainer or ex post facto Law shall be passed;
No Law shall regulate or prohibit any activity that is confined within a single constituent entity;
No Law shall be made, which shall imperil the Rights of the constituent entities to decide their own Laws of immigration, residence and naturalisation;
No bill shall deal with more then one subject, and each bill shall be concise and easy to read and understand;
No Law shall grant copyrights or patents, or recognise their legitimacy.
ARTICLE V – THE HIGH COUNCIL
SECTION I – EXECUTIVE POWER
Executive power is vested in the High Council, which shall consist of five High Councillors. They shall hold their offices during good behaviour and be elected as follows;
When a High Councillor resigns, dies or is removed for cause by the General Assembly, each House of the General Assembly shall appoint, in such manner as they choose, twelve electors each from among their number. The chosen twenty four members of the the General Assembly shall be joined by the five members of the Tribune and together they shall choose a High Councillor.
The chosen High Councillor may be any man of good repute, who is at least forty years old, and he may serve until he may resign, retire, die or be removed for cause by the General Assembly.
The decisions of the High Council shall be taken collectively.
The members of the High Council at all times shall be responsible both individually and collectively to the General Assembly.
SECTION II – POWERS, CABINET, PARDONS, APPOINTMENTS & HONOURS
The High Council shall have power;
To make Treaties, provided that two thirds of each House of the General Assembly concur;
To appoint a Commander in Chief of the armed forces when the situation necessitates it;
To implement the Law as defined in this Constitution;
To implement legislation enacted by the General Assembly;
To propose and recommend legislation for enactment by the General Assembly;
To nominate, and with the approval of the General Assembly, appoint Censors and establish an office of Censorship;
To convene the General Assembly in special sessions when necessary;
To supervise the Civil Service;
To nominate, and with the advice and consent of the General Assembly, to appoint ambassadors, ministers, Judges and all other officers of the Commonwealth, whose appointments are not provided for in this Constitution, and which shall be established by Law, but the General Assembly may vest the appointment of such inferior officers, as they think proper, in the High Council, the Courts, or in the ministers.
To remove from office any ambassador, minister, and other officers of the Commonwealth, in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution and as specified in measures enacted by the General Assembly;
To prepare and submit annually to the General Assembly a comprehensive budget for the operations of the Government;
To define and propose priorities for legislation and budgetary allocations;
To be held accountable to the General Assembly for the expenditures of appropriations made by the General Assembly in accordance with approved budgets, subject to revisions approved by the General Assembly;
To fill up all vacancies that may happen during the recess of the General Assembly, by granting commissions which shall expire at the end of their next session;
Each High Councillor shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons for offences against the Commonwealth, except in cases of treason and impeachment;
Each High Councillor shall have power to knight other men for acts of greatness, courage, valour, piety or daring. Other titles, honours and awards as may be established, shall likewise be the gift of each individual High Councillor.
SECTION III – DISQUALIFICATION
Members of the High Council may be removed for cause, either individually or collectively, by a two thirds majority vote in each House of the General Assembly.
SECTION IV – LIMITATION OF POWERS
The High Council shall not at any time alter, suspend, abridge, infringe or otherwise violate any provision of this Constitution or any legislation or Law enacted or approved by the General Assembly in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution;
The High Council may not act contrary to the decisions of the Courts;
The High Council shall be bound to faithfully execute all legislation passed by the General Assembly in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution, and may not impound or refuse to spend funds appropriated by the General Assembly, nor spend more funds than are appropriated by the General Assembly;
The High Council may not create, establish or maintain any administrative or Executive ministry or agency for the purpose of circumventing control by the General Assembly;
The High Council may not transcend or contradict the decisions of controls of the General Assembly, the Supreme Court or the provisions of this Constitution by any device of executive order of privilege, or emergency declaration or decree.
ARTICLE VI – THE SUPREME COURT
SECTION I – JUDICIAL POWER
The judicial power of the Commonwealth shall be vested in one Supreme Court and in such Courts as the General Assembly may ordain and establish.
SECTION II – SCOPE OF POWER
The Supreme Court, together with such regional and district Courts as may be established, shall have mandatory jurisdiction in all cases, actions, disputes, conflicts, violations of Law, civil suits, guarantees of civil and Human Rights, Constitutional interpretations and other litigations in Law, arising under the provisions of this Constitution, the Laws of the Commonwealth, Treaties made, or which shall be made, to all cases affecting ambassadors, ministers, to all cases of admiralty and to controversies to which this Commonwealth shall be a party.
SECTION III – ORIGINAL JURISDICTION
In all cases affecting ambassadors, ministers and those in which a constituent entity shall be a party, the Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction. In all other cases before mentioned, they shall have appellate jurisdiction, with such exceptions, and under such regulations as the General Assembly shall make.
SECTION IV – BENCHES OF THE SUPREME COURT
The benches of the Supreme Court and their respective jurisdictions shall be as follows;
BENCH FOR HUMAN RIGHTS; To deal with issues of Human rights arising under the guarantee of Civil and Human Rights provided by this Constitution, and arising otherwise under legislation and the body of Law approved by the General Assembly;
BENCH FOR CRIMINAL CASES; To deal with issues arising from the violation of Laws and legislation by individuals, corporations, groups and associations, but not issues primarily concerned with Human Rights;
BENCH FOR CIVIL CASES; To deal with issues involving Civil Law suits and disputes between individuals, corporations, groups and associations arising under legislation and Law and the administration thereof;
BENCH FOR CONSTITUTIONAL CASES; To deal with the interpretation of this Constitution and with issues and actions arising in connection with the interpretation of this Constitution;
BENCH FOR INTER-COMMUNAL CONFLICTS; To deal with disputes, conflicts and legal contest arising between or among the constituent entities of the Commonwealth;
BENCH FOR PUBLIC CASES; To deal with issues not under the jurisdiction of another bench arising from conflicts, disputes, civil suits or other legal contests between the Government and corporations, groups or individuals, or between the governments of constituent entities and corporations, groups or individuals in cases involving legislation and Law;
APPELLATE BENCH; To deal with issues involving legislation and Law which may be appealed from the Courts of constituent entities; and to decide which bench to assign a case, action or litigation when a question or disagreement arises over the proper jurisdiction;
ADVISORY BENCH; To give opinions upon request on any legal question arising under Law or legislation, exclusive of contests or actions involving the interpretation of this Constitution. Advisory opinions may be requested by either House or any committee of the General Assembly, any High Councillor, any minister, the Attorney General, Solicitor General, the Tribune, or by any agency of the Government;
Other benches may be established, combined or terminated upon the recommendation of the College of Judges, with the approval of the General Assembly; but benches number one through eight may not be combined, nor terminated except by amendment to this Constitution.
SECTION V – THE COLLEGE OF JUDGES
A College of Judges shall be established. The College shall consist of a minimum of twenty four member Judges and may be expanded as needed, but not to exceed sixty members;
The Judges to compose the College, shall be nominated by the High Council and shall be elected by plurality vote of the General Assembly. The High Council shall nominate three times the number of Judges to be elected at any one time;
The terms of office for a Judge shall be twenty years, except that the terms for the initial membership shall be staggered by lot with one forth of it ceasing from office and being replaced every fifth year. Successive terms may not be served;
The College of Judges shall elect a Presiding Council, which shall consist of a Chief Justice and four Associate Chief Justices. Members of the Presiding Council shall serve five year terms and may serve two successive terms, but not two successive terms as Chief Justice;
The Presiding Council shall assign all Judges, including themselves, to the several benches of the Supreme Court. Each bench shall have a minimum of three Judges;
The numbers of Judges of each bench shall choose annually a Presiding Judge, who may serve successive terms;
The members of the several benches may be reconstituted from time to time as may seem desirable or necessary upon the decision of the Presiding Council. Any decision to re-constitute a bench shall be referred to a vote of the entire College of Judges by request of any Judge;
Any Judge may be removed from office for cause by a two thirds majority vote of each House of the General Assembly;
If a Supreme Court Judge, resigns, dies or is removed for cause before his term has expired, the High Council shall nominate three possible replacements, from which the General Assembly shall elect one by majority vote of each House. This Judge shall only serve the remainder of the term of the Judge he shall replace.
Qualifications for Judges of the Supreme Court shall be at least ten years of legal or juristic experience, minimum age of thirty years and evident competence in Law and the Humanities;
The salaries, expenses, remunerations and prerogatives of the Judges shall be issued by the General Assembly, but shall not be changed to the disadvantage of any Judge during a term of office. All members of the College of Judges shall receive the same salaries, except that additional compensation may be given to the members of the Presiding Council;
Upon recommendation by the College of Judges, the General Assembly shall have the authority to establish regional and district Courts below the Supreme Court, and to establish the jurisdiction thereof, and the procedures for appeal to the Supreme court or to the several branches thereof;
The rules of procedure for the functioning of the Supreme Court, the College of Judges and for each bench of the Supreme Court, shall be decided and amended by the College of Judges.
SECTION VI – BINDING DECISIONS
Decisions of the Supreme Court shall be binding on all parties involved in all cases, actions and litigations brought before any bench of the Supreme Court for settlement. Each bench of the Supreme Court shall constitute a Court of highest appeal.
ARTICLE VII – THE TRIBUNES
SECTION I – FUNCTIONS & POWERS OF THE TRIBUNES
The functions and powers of the Tribunes, as public defenders, shall include the following:
To protect the People against violations or neglect of their Human and Civil Rights which are stipulated in this Constitution;
To protect the People against violations of this Constitution by any official or agency of the Government, including both elected and appointed officials or public employees regardless of institution, ministry, office, agency or rank;
To ascertain that the administration of otherwise proper Laws, ordinances and procedures of the Government do not result in unforeseen injustices, or become stultified in bureaucracy or the details of administration;
To receive and hear complaints, grievances or requests for aid from any person, group, organisation, association or agency concerning any matter which comes within the purview of the Tribune;
To request the Office of the Attorney General or any Attorney General of any constituent entity, to initiate Legal actions or Court proceedings whenever and wherever considered necessary or desirable in the view of the Tribunes;
To directly initiate Legal actions and Court proceedings whenever the Tribunes deems necessary;
To review the functioning of the ministries, offices, commissions, institutions and agencies of the Government to ascertain whether the procedures of the Government are adequately fulfilling their purposes and serving the welfare of the people in optimum fashion, and to make recommendations for improvements;
To present an annual report to the General Assembly and to the High Council on the activities of the Tribunes, together with any recommendations for legislative measures to improve the functioning of the Government for the purpose of better serving the welfare of the People;
SECTION II – COMPOSITION OF THE TRIBUNE
The Tribune shall consist of five members, one of whom shall be designated as Principle Tribune, while the other four shall each be designated as an Associate Tribune;
Members to compose the Tribune shall be chosen by lot from all the eligible voters of the Commonwealth. When one is selected by lot, he shall be offered the office of Tribune, if he shall refuse, another man shall be chosen by lot until all positions are taken;
The term of office for a Tribune shall be ten years;
The position of Principle Tribune shall be rotated every two years. The order of rotation shall be determined by the Tribunes;
The salaries, expenses, remunerations and prerogatives of the Tribunes shall be issued by the General Assembly, but shall not be changed to the disadvantage of any Tribune during a term of office. All members of the Tribune shall receive the same salaries, except that additional compensation may be given to Principle Tribune;
Any Tribune may be removed from office for cause by the General Assembly.
ARTICLE VIII – THE CIVIL SERVICE
SECTION I – THE FUNCTION OF THE CIVIL SERVICE
The Civil Service shall be organised to carry out the administration and implementation of legislation and Law;
The Civil Service shall be under the direction of the High Council, and shall at all times be responsible to them;
The Civil Service shall be organised so as to give professional continuity to the work of administration and implementation.
SECTION II – STRUCTURE OF THE CIVIL SERVICE
The Civil Service shall be composed of professionally organised ministries and other agencies in all areas of activity requiring continuity of administration and implementation by the Government;
Each ministry or major agency of the Government shall have as Chief of Staff a senior civil servant, who shall assist the minister and supervise the work of the ministry or agency;
Each senior civil servant shall be nominated by the minister of the particular ministry or agency and shall be confirmed by the High Council;
There shall be a Secretary General of the Civil Service, who shall be nominated by the High Council and confirmed by the General Assembly;
The functions and responsibilities of the Secretary General of the Civil Service shall be to assist in co-ordinating the work of the senior civil servants of the several ministries and agencies of the Civil Service. The Secretary General shall at all times be subject to the direction of, and directly responsible to, the High Council.
SECTION III – PROCEDURES OF THE CIVIL SERVICE
The employment of any senior civil servant and of the Secretary General may be terminated for cause by the High Council.
Each minister shall provide continuous liaison between the particular ministry or agency and the General Assembly. He shall respond to any questions or requests for information from the General Assembly, including committees of either House, and shall prepare an annual report for the particular ministry of Agency, to be submitted both to the High Council and to the General Assembly;
The High Council, in co-operation with the particular ministers in each case, shall be responsible for the original organisation of each of the ministries and major agencies of the Government.
The assignment of legislative measures, Constitutional provisions and areas of Law to particular ministries and agencies for administration and implementation shall be done by the High Council, unless specifically provided for in legislation passed by the General Assembly;
The High Council, may propose the creation of other ministries and agencies to have ministerial status; and may propose the alteration, combination or termination of existing ministries and agencies of ministerial status as may seem necessary or desirable. Any such creation, alteration, combination or termination shall require the approval of the General Assembly;
The General Assembly may specify the creation of new ministries or agencies of ministerial status, or may direct the High Council to alter, combine or terminate existing ministries or agencies of ministerial status.
ARTICLE IX – THE COMMONWEALTH CITIES
SECTION I – PURPOSE
Five Commonwealth Cities shall be established, for the purpose of locating the General Assembly, the High Council, the Supreme Court, the Tribune, the Secretariat and also the ministries, administrative departments, offices, commissions, agencies and other parts of the Government;
The location and administration of the Commonwealth Cities shall be determined by the High Council and General Assembly;
The primary seats of all institutions of Government shall be located in these Commonwealth Cities;
SECTION II – LOCATIONAL PROCEDURES
Choices for location of the five Commonwealth Cities shall be proposed by the High Council and then shall be decided by a simple majority vote of the General Assembly. The High Council shall offer choices of two or three locations for each of the five Commonwealth Cities;
Each institution of Government shall decide how best to apportion and organise its functions and activities among the five Commonwealth Cities, subject to specific directions from the General Assembly;
The General Assembly may decide to rotate its sessions among the five Commonwealth Cities, and if so, to decide the procedure for rotation;
Any Commonwealth City may be relocated by a two thirds vote of both Houses of the General Assembly.
ARTICLE X – THE CONSTITUENT ENTITIES
SECTION I – EACH CONSTITUENT ENTITY TO HONOUR ALL OTHERS
Full faith and credit shall be given in each constituent entity to the public acts, records and judicial proceedings of every other constituent entity and the General Assembly may prescribe by legislation, the manner in which such acts, records and proceedings shall be proved and the effect thereof.
SECTION II – SOVERIGNTY
Each constituent entity is independent and sovereign. It shall retain all freedoms, powers, jurisdictions, Rights and privileges not expressly delegated to the Commonwealth. Each constituent entity has the right of secession from the Commonwealth at any time and for any reason, providing the People of that constituent entity have consented in a referendum, which shall require two thirds approval.
SECTION III – CONSTIUENT ENTITY CITIZENS, EXTRADITION
Anyone charged in any constituent entity with any crime, who shall flee from justice, and be found in another constituent entity, shall be removed to that place with jurisdiction of that crime, on the demand of the Executive authority of that place from which he fled.
SECTION IV – NEW CONSTITUENT ENTITIES
New constituent entities may be admitted into this Commonwealth; but no new constituent entity shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other constituent entity; nor any constituent entity be formed by the joining of two or more constituent entities, or parts of constituent entities, without the consent of the people, legislatures and Executives of the constituent entities concerned.
SECTION V – RIGHTS OF CONSTITUTNT ENTITIES & THE COMMONWEALTH
The Commonwealth shall respect and guarantee in Law, the autonomy of the constituent entities;
The Commonwealth shall assure all possible discretion to the member constituent entities, to determine their internal political systems and to organise their own affairs, taking into account their particularities;
The principle of subsidiarity shall guide the allocation and performance of all tasks;
Each constituent entity shall have power to establish, issue and regulate its own currency, credit and exchange;
Each constituent entity shall have the right to control the rules of immigration, residence and naturalisation to non constituent entity citizens. All constituent entities and the People thereof, shall have the right to seek the self preservation of their identity, ethnicity, language and culture. No Commonwealth Law may imperil this Right;
Commonwealth Law shall be implemented by the constituent entities in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution and Commonwealth legislation, Commonwealth Law shall take precedence over the laws of constituent entities;
The constituent entities shall be consulted by the Commonwealth Government on policy decisions that may affect their powers or their essential interests;
The constituent entities, between themselves, may authorise organisations or institutions, by Treaty or agreement, to issue legislative provisions implementing a Treaty or agreement;
Treaties and agreements between constituent entities must not be contrary to Law, to the interests of the Commonwealth or to the Rights of other constituent entities. The Commonwealth must be notified of such Treaties and agreements;
The Commonwealth Government may participate in such organisations and institutions within the scope of its powers, but only at the request of the constituent entities concerned;
Constituent entities may designate official languages, however, they must consider linguistic minorities;
Constituent entities may be known or referred to as states, cantons, counties, shires, provinces, communities, regions or any other name, and my be known or referred to in other languages.
SECTION VI – MILITIAS & DEFENCE
Each constituent entity shall organise a militia, which shall, if necessary enforce the laws of that constituent entity, or assist in times of calamity or crisis to prevent public disorder;
Militias shall be the primary unit of defence for the Commonwealth, and, if necessary, shall be called on by the Commonwealth to enforce Commonwealth Law, suppress insurrections and repel invasions;
Every man must render military service as part of a militia, the Law may provide for an alternative service. Any man who renders neither military nor alternative service will owe a tax, which shall be levied by the Commonwealth Government and be collected by the constituent entity;
Constituent entities shall provide for organising, training, arming, governing and disciplining the militia when they are not in Commonwealth service. Constituent entities shall also appoint all officers of the militia.
SECTION VII – POWERS PROHIBITED TO THE CONSTITUENT ENTITIES
No constituent entity shall pass any bill of attainer, ex post facto law, or Law impairing the obligation of contracts;
No constituent entity shall lay any impost or duty on imports or exports;
No constituent entity shall prepare for war in time of peace, enter into any agreement with a foreign power or engage in war, except in the repelling of an immediate invasion or attack;
No constituent entity shall contract a debt on the credit of their taxpayers;
No constituent entity shall lay a tax on incomes, capital gains, inheritances, property or gifts.
The Commonwealth shall guarantee to each constituent entity, protection against invasion; the Commonwealth shall also, be entitled to restore order within any constituent entity, if the assembly, the people or the Executive thereof, so request.
ARTICLE X – TERRITORIES
SECTION I – TERRITORY
Those areas which are not under the jurisdiction of existing constituent entities at the time of the forming the Commonwealth, shall be designated as a territory;
SECTION II – DESCRIPTION
The administration of territories shall be determined by the General Assembly and implemented by the High Council and shall apply to the following areas;
All and any lands, islands or atolls which are unclaimed and unused
All oceans and seas, together with the seabeds, beginning at a distance of twelve miles offshore, excluding inland seas;
The atmosphere, beginning at an elevation of one half of a mile above the general surface of the land;
Settlements and areas which may choose the status of territory.
ARTICLE XI – RATIFICATION & AMENDMENT
SECTION I – RATIFICATION OF THIS CONSTIUTION
This Constitution shall be transmitted to the People for final ratification, which shall be accomplished by a simple majority of votes cast in a popular referendum, providing that a minimum of fifty percent of eligible voters have cast ballots.
SECTION II – PROPOSING AMENDMENTS
Amendments to this Constitution may be proposed for consideration in three ways:
By a simple majority vote of either House of the General Assembly;
By petitions signed by one fifth of all eligible voters;
By request of one third of constituent entities, by the Executive or legislature thereof;
SECTION III – CONVENTIONS
If one of the above conditions has been satisfied, a convention shall be called, where amendments to this Constitution shall be proposed, debated and discussed. Representatives of each constituent entity, members of the General Assembly, the Supreme Court, the High Council and Tribune shall be in attendance. Passage of any amendment shall require an absolute two thirds majority of each House of the General Assembly, the assent of two-thirds of the constituent entities, and a majority of the People in a popular referendum. All amendments so passed, shall be valid to all intents and purposes as part of this Constitution; provided that no amendment which shall in any manner affect the privileges and powers of the constituent entities is passed without unanimous support of the constituent entities.
SECTION IV – PERIODICAL CONVENTIONS
Ten years after the first sitting of the General Assembly, and every thirty years thereafter, representatives of the constituent entities, members of the General Assembly, the Supreme Court, the High Council and Tribune shall meet in special session comprising a Constitutional convention to conduct a review of this Constitution to consider and propose possible amendments, which shall then require action as specified in Section III of this Article, for passage.
ARTICLE XII – SUPREMACY
This Constitution, as well as the Laws of the Commonwealth which shall be made in accordance with it and all Treaties made under its authority, shall be the supreme Law of the land; and everyone shall be bound thereby;
Except by following the amendments procedures herein, no part of this Constitution may be set aside, suspended or subverted, neither for emergencies nor caprice nor convenience.
Every man who shall be elected, appointed or chosen by lot to fill any office, or any civil servant, shall, before they take up that office, be required to take an oath or affirmation, it shall be as follows:
‘I, name, do solemnly swear/affirm that I shall, to the utmost of my power maintain the Laws of God and uphold the Constitution against all enemies, and that I shall bear true allegiance to the same. I take this obligation freely, and will faithfully discharge the duties of office on which I am about to enter. So help me God.’
SECTION I – INHERENT RIGHTS
The enumeration of certain Rights and Liberties, shall not be construed to deny others retained by the people.
SECTION II – POWERS NOT DELEGATED
The powers not delegated to the Commonwealth Government, nor prohibited, are reserved to the constituent entities or to the People.
SECTION III – KEEPING ONE’S RIGHTS
Wherefore it is willed, and firmly enjoined, that all men in the Commonwealth have and hold all the aforesaid Liberties, Rights, Guarantees and Concessions, well and peacefully, freely and quietly, fully and wholly, for themselves and their heirs, in all respects and in all places forever.